Flammulina velutipes

Flammulina velutipes is a species of gilled mushroom in the family Physalacriaceae. In the UK, it has been given the recommended English name of velvet shank.[1] The species occurs in Europe and North America. Until recently Flammulina velutipes was considered to be conspecific with the Asian Flammulina filiformis, cultivated for food as "enokitake" or "golden needle mushroom", but DNA sequencing has shown that the two are distinct.[2]

velvet shank
Flammulina velutipes.JPG
Flammulina velutipes, Italy
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Physalacriaceae
Genus: Flammulina
F. velutipes
Binomial name
Flammulina velutipes
(Curtis) Singer (1951)
  • Agaricus velutipes Curtis (1782)
Flammulina velutipes
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnate
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is parasitic
edibility: choice


The species was originally described from England by botanist William Curtis in 1782 as Agaricus velutipes. It was transferred to the genus Flammulina by Rolf Singer in 1951.


  1. ^ Holden L. (April 2022). "English names for fungi April 2022". British Mycological Society. Retrieved 2022-06-16.
  2. ^ Wang, Pan Meng; Liu, Xiao Bin; Dai, Yu Cheng; Horak, Egon; Steffen, Kari; Yang, Zhu L. (September 2018). "Phylogeny and species delimitation of Flammulina: taxonomic status of winter mushroom in East Asia and a new European species identified using an integrated approach". Mycological Progress. 17 (9): 1013–1030. doi:10.1007/s11557-018-1409-2. S2CID 49299638.