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The national flag of Monaco (French: Drapeau de Monaco) has two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white, both of which have been the heraldic colours of the House of Grimaldi since at least 1339. The present bicolour design was adopted on 4 April 1881, under Prince Saksham III.

Monaco
Flag of Monaco.svg
UseCivil and state flag, civil and state ensign IFIS Normal.svg
Proportion4:5
Adopted4 April 1881
Designtwo equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom)
Flag of Monaco (state).svg
Variant flag of Monaco
Lozenge flag of Monaco.svg
Variant flag of Monaco

Monaco's original flag, which was similar to its current state flag but bore an older version of its coat of arms, was in use from the principality's early days (except during its annexation to France from 1793 to 1814) until the present, simpler design was adopted in 1881.

Another design (below), the banner of the state arms (lozenges in the Grimaldi family colours, in heraldic terms "lozengy argent and gules"), was used at various times, particularly in the 17th century, as an unofficial flag, and still appears in some royal photographs.[clarification needed] However, it has no designated use, and does not represent any Monegasque official in particular.

The flag of Monaco is graphically identical to the flag of Indonesia, with a difference only in its dimension ratio, Monaco's at 4:5 and Indonesia's at 2:3. The Flag of Poland has similar dimensions to that of Indonesia's but has the colours reversed: white on top and red on the bottom.

Contents

State flagEdit

Monaco's state flag, which consists of the full achievement of the coat of arms on a white background with a red line, is flown at government offices, the Prince's palace, in the presence of government officials, and as an ensign on the Prince's yacht.

Princely standardEdit

 
Princely standard of Albert II

The princely standard, which consisted of the Crown of Monaco over two opposing letters A on a white background, is the personal flag of Prince Albert II, and is only used in his immediate presence, particularly on cars in which he travels. It is often seen with a gold fringe on the top, bottom, and right, which is one-ninth the height of the white field.

NotesEdit

  1. Sources disagree as to the flag's usage. According to Flags of the World it is  ; according to the World Flag Database it is  ; and according to Whitney Smith's Flags Through the Ages and Across the World (1975), it is  .

ReferencesEdit