The flag of the state of Kansas was adopted in 1927. The elements of the state flag include the Kansas state seal and a sunflower. This original design was modified in 1961 to add the name of the state at the bottom of the flag.

State of Kansas
UseCivil and state flag Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagSmall vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagReverse side is mirror image of obverse side
AdoptedSeptember 24, 1961 (1961-09-24)
DesignA state seal on a field of azure, a sunflower is displayed above the seal and the word "Kansas" in yellow below.
Flag of the governor of Kansas
DesignState flag, with white stars, one in each corner

Official description edit

The official flag of Kansas is represented by a dark-blue silk rectangle representing Kansas arranged horizontally with the state seal aligned in the center. Above the seal is a sunflower which sits over a bar of gold and light blue. Below the seal is printed the name of the state "KANSAS".[1]

Seal of Kansas edit

The state seal centered on the flag tells the history of Kansas and his figures representing pioneer life. The seal contains:

  • Landscape with a rising sun (the east)
  • River and steamboat (commerce)
  • Settler's cabin and a man plowing a field (agriculture) [foreground]
  • Wagon train heading west (American expansion)
  • Indians hunting American Bison (the buffalo are fleeing from the Indians)
  • Cluster of 34 stars (top of the seal, representing Kansas's admission as the 34th state)
  • State motto "Ad Astra per Aspera" - Latin : "To the Stars through Difficulties" (above the stars)

The thirty-four stars clustered at the top of the seal identify Kansas as the 34th state to be accepted into the Union of the United States.[2] Kansas state law provides that the flag is to be used on all occasions when the state is officially represented.[3]

History edit

In 1916, the Daughters of the American Revolution organised a contest to create a flag for Kansas. The winner was Esther Northrup of Lawrence, whose design consisted of three horizontal stripes of red, white and blue, with a gold sunflower on a blue background in the canton, and the state seal in the centre of the sunflower. The proposed flag was submitted to the Kansas legislature in 1917, but was ultimately not adopted.[4]

The flag of Kansas was designed in 1925 by Hazel Avery and first used in a Fourth of July parade in Lincoln, Kansas.[5] Officially adopted by the Kansas State Legislature in 1927 and modified in 1961 (the word "Kansas" was added below the seal in gold block lettering). First flown at Fort Riley by Governor Benjamin S. Paulen in 1927 for the troops at Fort Riley and for the Kansas National Guard.

From 1925 to 1927, Kansas used a state banner instead of a flag. The Kansas state banner, which consisted of a large sunflower and the word "Kansas" on a blue field, was intended to be hung from a horizontal bar, rather than a vertical flag pole. It was given a unique design to avoid "competition" with the United States flag. However, after the banner was rejected for display in Washington, D.C., and generated complaints for its awkward method of hanging, the state legislature adopted a state flag that saw the addition of the word "Kansas" at the bottom in 1961 but has otherwise retained its original design.[6]

State banner of Kansas
Flag of the governor prior to 1961. It is unclear when the governor's flag was first created

According to the North American Vexillological Association (NAVA), the state banner exists today as an official alternative to the state flag. The organization's website features the banner – a lone sunflower on a blue field – and attributes it to Adjutant General Joe Nickell.[7] However, the Kansas State Historical Society describes the same design as a flag submitted by Albert T. Reid before the state banner was adopted, and makes no mention of its status as an alternative flag.[8]

  State flag from 1927 to 1961

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Kansas Flag". State of Kansas. 2006-10-17. Archived from the original on 2007-08-22. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
  2. ^ "Interactive Kansas Seal". State of Kansas. 2006-10-17. Archived from the original on July 4, 2008. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
  3. ^ Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution of the State of Kansas
  4. ^ "Kansas State Flag". Kansas Historical Society. April 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2023.
  5. ^ "Lincoln County Kansas Stories".
  6. ^ "State Banner". Cool Things. Kansas State Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
  7. ^ "Kansas State Banner". North American Vexillolocial Society. 2001. Archived from the original on August 14, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  8. ^ "State State Flag". Cool Things. Kansas State Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 27, 2005. Retrieved 2007-09-03.

External links edit