Five Marys

The Five Marys is a group of Bronze Age round barrows near the village of Chaldon Herring, in Dorset, England. The site is a scheduled monument.[1]

Five Marys
Five Marys Tumuli - geograph.org.uk - 417487.jpg
Looking east along the line of barrows
Five Marys is located in Dorset
Five Marys
Shown within Dorset
Locationnear Chaldon Herring, Dorset
grid reference SY 790 842
Coordinates50°39′25.6″N 2°17′53.2″W / 50.657111°N 2.298111°W / 50.657111; -2.298111Coordinates: 50°39′25.6″N 2°17′53.2″W / 50.657111°N 2.298111°W / 50.657111; -2.298111
TypeRound barrows
History
PeriodsBronze Age
Site notes
Excavation dates19th century
ArchaeologistsDuchess of Berry
Designated27 February 1957
Reference no.1013344

DescriptionEdit

The barrows, on a west–east ridge overlooking Chaldon Herring to the south, are in an almost straight line. In Taylor's Map of Dorset, of 1765, they are shown as "Five Meers" (boundary points).[1][2]

There are two bowl barrows, and four or seven bell barrows, according to different surveys. A pond barrow has been discerned but was not visible on other inspections. The largest barrow has height 3.3 metres (11 ft). All but one have been damaged by antiquarian excavation.[1][2][3]

ExcavationEdit

Two of the barrows were excavated before 1866 by the Duchess of Berry; she was staying in Lulworth Castle, in exile after the dethronement of Charles X of France in 1830.[1]

The two barrows excavated are thought to be the first and third large barrows from the west end. A deep chalk-cut grave was found in each barrow, each containing a male skeleton in a sitting position, with stag antlers overlying each shoulder. One barrow also contained a female skeleton, with similarly placed stag antlers, and the other had a secondary cremation in an urn.[1][2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Historic England. "The Five Marys round barrow cemetery (1013344)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b c 'Earthworks: Round Barrows', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 2, South east (London, 1970), pp. 434-480 British History Online. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Five Marys" Pastscape. Retrieved 25 January 2021.