Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport

  (Redirected from Fiumicino Airport)

Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci" (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"; IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF) is an international airport in Rome and the major airport in Italy. It is one of the busiest airports in Europe by passenger traffic with over 43.5 million passengers served in 2019.

Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci"

Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"
Aeroporti di Roma Logo.svg
Rom Fiumicino 2011-by-RaBoe-02.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAeroporti di Roma
ServesRome, Italy
LocationFiumicino
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL15 ft / 5 m
Coordinates41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889Coordinates: 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Websiteadr.it
Map
FCO is located in Lazio
FCO
FCO
Location in Lazio
FCO is located in Italy
FCO
FCO
FCO (Italy)
FCO is located in Europe
FCO
FCO
FCO (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16C/34C 3,700 12,139 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers43,532,573
Passenger change 18-19Increase 1.3%
Aircraft movement309.783
Movements change 18–19Increase 0.7%
Cargo (tons)194,526
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1] Assaeroporti Statistiche[2] WAD[3]

The airport serves as the main hub for Alitalia, the largest Italian airline, and Vueling, a Spanish low-cost carrier owned by International Airlines Group. Based on total passenger numbers, it is the eighth-busiest airport in Europe and was the world's 47th-busiest airport in 2017. It covers an area of 16 km2[4] and is named after polymath Leonardo da Vinci who, in 1480, designed a flying machine with wings and the first proto helicopter.

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

During construction the remains of Caligula's Giant Ship were found.

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low-cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[5]

During the 1960s, home-carrier Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Later developmentEdit

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A..[citation needed] Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.[citation needed]

Since 2005, the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds.

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; construction of Pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to handle the expected growth from 38 million passengers per year in 2014 to 55 million by 2018; and the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built in the future handling 100 million passengers per year.[citation needed]

TerminalsEdit

OverviewEdit

The airport currently features three passenger terminals, of which two are operational.

  • Terminal 1 (Gates B1–B13 and B14–B30) is used by Alitalia and other SkyTeam airlines.
  • Terminal 3 (Gates C8–C16, D1–D10, E1-E8, E11-E24, E31-44 and E51-61) is the largest terminal which is used by most of the companies.
  • Terminal 5 (under refurbishment) (formerly Gates E1-E8, E11-E24, E31-44 and E51-61) was used by all U.S. and Israeli carriers. This terminal is currently closed for extensive renovation.[6]

DevelopmentEdit

The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[7] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened, followed in 1995 by the international Pier B with 10 gates and in 1999 by the international Satellite C with 14 gates. In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized.

The dedicated Cargo City terminal was added in 2004, while the check-in counters for American carriers and El Al in Terminal 5 opened in 2008, with passengers then being bused to what was then called Satellite C. In 2009, the terminals were renamed – A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3, and T5 stayed the same. The former Terminal 2 closed permanently on 15 December 2017 to make way for the expansion of Terminal 1.

SkyBridgeEdit

An automated people mover (APM) called SkyBridge opened in 1999 along with the Satellite C. It consists of two stations, one in the third floor of Terminal 3, and the other in the second floor of gate area E31-44. This shuttle train is the only means of transport for passengers between the two parts of the terminal. The westbound service, from T3 to Gates E31-44, is for departing passengers only, while the eastbound service is for arriving passengers only. Arriving passengers are not permitted to take the train back, as they need to pass through a transfer security checkpoint to reenter the departure area. Likewise, departing passengers are not permitted to take the train back to Terminal 3.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights to and from Fiumicino:[8]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Air Albania Tirana
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Fez
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn
Air Cairo Sharm El Sheikh
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, Hangzhou
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air France Hop Bordeaux, Lyon
Air India Delhi
Air Malta Malta
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade, Niš
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
AlbaStar Seasonal: Lourdes/Tarbes
Alitalia Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beirut, Belgrade, Bergamo, Berlin–Tegel, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Casablanca, Catania, Delhi, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kyiv–Zhuliany, Lamezia Terme, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Munich, Naples, New York–JFK, Nice, Olbia, Palermo, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Podgorica, Prague, Reggio Calabria, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toulouse, Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Venice, Verona, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Zurich
Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia, Chicago–O'Hare, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Havana, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Lampedusa, Larnaca, Malé, Mauritius, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Split, Tenerife–South, Toronto–Pearson
American Airlines Philadelphia
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New York–JFK
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest, Iași
Blue Panorama Airlines Cayo Largo, Havana, La Romana, Santiago de Cuba, Tirana
Seasonal: Ibiza, Lampedusa
British Airways London–City, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Buta Airways Baku
Cabo Verde Airlines Sal
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Wuhan
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Detroit
easyJet Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Tegel, Bristol, Geneva, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Manchester, Nantes, Nice, Paris–Orly, Toulouse
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Estelar Latinoamerica Caracas
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki
Hainan Airlines Chongqing, Shenzhen, Xi'an
Iberia Madrid
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv
Jet2.com Birmingham, Glasgow, Manchester
Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Gdańsk, Kraków, Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Neos Boa Vista, Cancún, Malé, Marsa Alam, Sal, Sharm El Sheikh, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, La Romana, Marsa Matruh, Menorca, Mombasa, Mykonos, Nosy Be, Rhodes, Salalah, Zanzibar
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, New York–JFK, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen, Boston, Los Angeles
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo
Qatar Airways Doha
Rossiya Saint Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Palermo, Seville, Tel Aviv, Vienna
Seasonal: Ibiza, Kos, Rhodes
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Aarhus, Copenhagen
Seasonal: Oslo–Gardermoen
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SkyAlpsBolzano (begins 1 December 2020)[9]
SkyUpKyiv–Boryspil, Lviv
SmartwingsPrague
Swiss International Air LinesZurich
TAP Air PortugalLisbon
TAROMBucharest
Thai AirwaysBangkok–Suvarnabhumi
TransaviaNantes, Rotterdam
Seasonal: Montpellier
TunisairTunis
Turkish AirlinesAnkara, Istanbul
Ukraine International AirlinesKyiv–Boryspil
United AirlinesChicago–O'Hare, Newark, Washington–Dulles
Ural AirlinesMoscow–Zhukovsky, Yekaterinburg
Uzbekistan AirwaysTashkent
Seasonal: Urgench
VuelingAlicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, Dubrovnik, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Seville, Tenerife–South, Valencia
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kefalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Marseille, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Split, Zadar, Zakynthos
WestJetSeasonal: Calgary (begins 1 May 2021)[10]
Wizz AirBacău (begins 29 October 2020),[11] Budapest, Catania (begins 8 October 2020),[12] Iași, Kraków, Kutaisi, Kyiv–Zhuliany (begins 28 March 2021),[13] Odessa (begins 29 March 2021),[14] Timișoara, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin

StatisticsEdit

Busiest domestic routesEdit

Busiest domestic routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2018)[15]
Rank Rank
var.
(17–18)
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1     Catania, Sicily   1,976,230 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
2     Palermo, Sicily   1,663,453 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
3     Milan-Linate, Lombardy   1,095,824 Alitalia
4     Cagliari, Sardinia   932,230 Alitalia
5     Bari, Apulia   740,186 Alitalia, Ryanair
6   1   Brindisi, Apulia   529,365 Alitalia, Ryanair
7   1   Turin, Piedmont   516,969 Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines
8   1   Venice, Veneto   493,929 Alitalia
9   1   Lamezia Terme, Calabria   455,605 Alitalia
10     Genoa, Liguria   351,656 Alitalia
11   1   Olbia, Sardinia   325,838 Air Italy, Meridiana
12   1   Naples, Campania   318,419 Alitalia
13   3   Bologna, Emilia-Romagna   295,627 Alitalia
14   3   Alghero, Sardinia   281,128 Blue Air
15     Florence, Tuscany   267,338 Alitalia
16   2   Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia   260,527 Alitalia
17   4   Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy   242,114 Air Italy, Alitalia
18     Verona, Veneto   203,717 Alitalia, Neos
19   2   Reggio Calabria, Calabria   183,115 Alitalia
20   1   Pisa, Tuscany   166,516 Alitalia

Busiest European routesEdit

Busiest European Routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2018)[15]
Rank Rank
var.
17–18
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1     Barcelona, Spain   1,327,312 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
2   1   Madrid, Spain   1,218,462 Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling
3   1   Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France   1,207,436 Alitalia, Joon, Vueling
4   1   London–Heathrow, United Kingdom   1,075,100 Alitalia, British Airways
5   3   Amsterdam, Netherlands   1,064,254 Alitalia, KLM, easyJet, Vueling
6     Paris–Orly, France   741,093 easyJet, Vueling
7   2   Munich, Germany   725,483 Alitalia, Lufthansa, Vueling
8   1   Brussels, Belgium   719,056 Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair
9   1   Frankfurt am Main, Germany   718,684 Alitalia, Lufthansa
10     London–Gatwick, United Kingdom   693,885 British Airways, easyJet, Vueling
11     Athens, Greece   571,935 Aegean Airlines, Alitalia
12   1   Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Russia   518,044 Aeroflot, Alitalia
13   1   Zurich, Switzerland   477,394 Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines
14     Lisbon, Portugal   427,352 TAP Portugal
15   11   Vienna, Austria  401,344 Eurowings, Laudamotion, Vueling, Wizz Air
16     Istanbul–Atatürk, Turkey   399,669 Turkish Airlines
17   4   Luqa, Malta   367,718 Air Malta, Alitalia, Ryanair
18   3   Geneva, Switzerland   343,211 Alitalia, easyJet
19   1   Tirana, Albania   330,545 Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines, Ernest Airlines
20   2   Nice, France   320,514 Alitalia, easyJet

Busiest intercontinental routesEdit

Busiest intercontinental routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2018)[15]
Rank Rank
var.
17/18
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1   1   Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Israel   813,363 Alitalia, El Al, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Vueling, Ryanair
2   1   New York–John F. Kennedy, United States   754,088 Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines
3     Dubai, United Arab Emirates   607,288 Emirates
4   1   Seoul–Incheon, South Korea   420,872 Alitalia, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air
5   9   São Paulo–Guarulhos, Brazil   403,276 Alitalia, LATAM Brasil
6   1   Doha, Qatar   382,292 Qatar Airways
7   3   Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates   372,266 Alitalia, Etihad Airways
8   2   Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Argentina   352,692 Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia
9   1   Toronto–Pearson, Canada   342,957 Alitalia, Air Canada, Air Transat
10   15   Newark, United States   291,841 Norwegian Air Shuttle, United Airlines
11   2   Cairo, Egypt   284,924 Alitalia, EgyptAir
12     Tunis, Tunisia   241,850 Alitalia, Tunisair
13   2   Atlanta, United States   224,958 Delta Air Lines
14   1   Chicago–O'Hare, United States   215,099 Alitalia, American Airlines, United Airlines
15   5   Beijing–Capital, China   214,536 Air China
16   22   Delhi, India   214,506 Air India, Alitalia
17   2   Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Turkey   205,216 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
18   12   Los Angeles, United States   202,335 Alitalia, Norwegian Air Shuttle
19   3   Tokyo–Narita, Japan   199,053 Alitalia
20     Montréal–Trudeau, Canada   182,677 Air Canada, Air Transat

Ground transportationEdit

SkyBridge
Overview
StatusOperational
OwnerAeroporti di Roma
LocaleLeonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, Italy
Stations2
Service
TypePeople mover
Services1
Rolling stock2 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 vehicles
History
Opened1999
Technical
Track length0.55 km
CharacterServes sterile parts of the airport

TrainEdit

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However, these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.[16] The railway opened in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.[17]

RoadEdit

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane Autostrada A91 motorway and numerous buses and taxis.

Incidents and accidentsEdit

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—some engendered by Palestinians as part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  2. ^ Assaeroporti Statistiche
  3. ^ "FIUMICINO". World Aero Data. WorldAeroData.com. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  4. ^ Studio Impatto Ambientale ENAC
  5. ^ "Fiumicino: Italy's Fast Growing Airport | Italy". Lifeinitaly.com. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Expansion projects at Fiumicino". Airport-technology.com. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2014.[unreliable source?]
  8. ^ adr.it - Compagnie aeree retrieved 10 September 2020
  9. ^ https://www.rainews.it/tgr/bolzano/articoli/2019/12/blz-Aeroporto-di-Bolzano-nuovi-voli-linea-Bolzano-Roma-Sud-Italia-Gostner-Skyalps-76c25ded-2715-4dbe-8520-458aa203693b.html
  10. ^ Liu, Jim. "WestJet delays Calgary – Rome launch to May 2021". Routesonline. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  11. ^ https://boardingpass.ro/wizz-air-anunta-rute-spre-italia-belgia-germania-cipru-uk-si-danemarca/
  12. ^ https://wizzair.com/#/
  13. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  14. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-odesa-italy/
  15. ^ a b c "Italy 2018 Civil Aviation Statistics" (PDF) (in Italian). ENAC. 28 March 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  16. ^ [1] Archived 23 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Flight International. 23 May 1987. 5.
  18. ^ a b Ramsden, J. M., ed. (27 December 1973). "Rome hijacking". FLIGHT International. IPC Transport Press Ltd. 104 (3380): 1010. Retrieved 11 February 2015 – via flightglobal.com/pdfarchive. ... ran on to the apron and two phosphorus bombs were thrown into the front and rear entrances of a Pan American 707 Celestial Clipper, with 170 passengers on board
  19. ^ a b "Hijacking description: Monday 17 December 1973". aviation-safety.net. Flight Safety Foundation. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  20. ^ Official Italian accident report issued by ANSV and its english translation. Aviation Accidents Database. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  21. ^  Posted by foxcrawl at 2:31 am. "Carpatair ATR-72 plane overruns runway on landing in Rome". Foxcrawl. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  22. ^ Squires, Nick (4 February 2013). "Alitalia paints over crashed plane's markings". Telegraph. Retrieved 13 February 2013.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Fiumicino Airport at Wikimedia Commons
  Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage