The fissi (Sarotherodon caroli) is a species of cichlid endemic to Lake Barombi Mbo in western Cameroon. This species can reach a length of 18.6 centimetres (7.3 in) SL.[2] It is threatened because of pollution and sedimentation due to human activities. It is potentially also threatened by large emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the lake's bottom (compare Lake Nyos),[1] although studies indicate that Barombo Mbo lacks excess amounts of this gas.[3]

Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cichliformes
Family: Cichlidae
Genus: Sarotherodon
S. caroli
Binomial name
Sarotherodon caroli
(Holly, 1930)
  • Tilapia caroli Holly, 1930

Adults mainly feed on phytoplankton.[2]


  1. ^ a b Moelants, T. (2010). "Sarotherodon caroli". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T19908A9109750. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T19908A9109750.en. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2013). "Sarotherodon caroli" in FishBase. April 2013 version.
  3. ^ Freeth, S.J.; C.O. Ofoegbu; and K.M. Onuoha (1992). Natural Hazards in West and Central Africa, pp. 50—51. ISBN 978-3-663-05239-5