"Firth of Fifth" is a song by the British progressive rock band Genesis. It first appeared as the third track on the 1973 album Selling England by the Pound, and was performed as a live piece either in whole or in part throughout the band's career.
|"Firth of Fifth"|
|Song by Genesis|
|from the album Selling England by the Pound|
|Released||28 September 1973|
|Songwriter(s)||Tony Banks, Phil Collins, Peter Gabriel, Steve Hackett, Mike Rutherford|
|Producer(s)||John Burns & Genesis|
The title is a pun on the Firth of Forth, the estuary of the River Forth in Scotland. The song theme relates to the "river of constant change", as quoted in the closing line. Though the song is credited to the entire band, most of the music was composed by keyboardist Tony Banks, with a prominent solo by guitarist Steve Hackett based on the flute melody composed by Banks. Banks had written the bulk of the song by 1972, presenting it as a candidate for the album Foxtrot (1972), but it was rejected. He redesigned the piece, which the group accepted as a candidate for Selling England by the Pound. Banks, who worked on the lyrics with Mike Rutherford, later dismissed them, saying they were "one of the worst sets of lyrics [I have] been involved with".
The song has 3 distinct musical parts. It starts out with a classical-style grand piano introduction played by Banks in the key of B flat. This section is rhythmically complex, with certain bars in the rare time signatures of 13
16 and 15
16, alternating with bars of 2
4. This section changes tempo and segues into the first verse (of three) of the song, accompanied by Phil Collins on drums and a chord progression between the Hammond organ (Banks) bass (Rutherford) and guitar (Hackett).
After the first 2 verses, a short bridge leads into an instrumental section that starts with a flute melody played by Peter Gabriel, followed by a synth-driven section which restates the opening piano theme. Hackett then restates the flute melody using violin-like guitar tones. Peter Gabriel sings the third verse of lyrics and a closing line before Banks concludes the song on piano, restating a motif from the opening section before fading out.
Live performances edit
From autumn 1973 onwards, the song's piano intro was omitted during live performances. Tony Banks felt he could not play the introduction effectively live, as he used an RMI electric piano on stage, which was not touch-sensitive. During a concert, Banks accidentally played one of the initial piano notes wrong, which caused Phil Collins to have to start his drums to fix the mistake by starting Peter Gabriel's verses early, this error caused the introduction in later concerts was removed. Gabriel used to tell, on stage, a story before the performance of the song. The story told of a group of travelers who are dying of thirst and come across a group of corpses. Because the human body is made up of 75% water, they begin to jump on the corpses to try to extract water from their mouths. However, they soon realize that they expend more energy trying to extract water from their bodies than they can receive. A Scotsman who is in the group is the one who realizes this by stopping jumping over the fifth body, calling the mouth "Firth", precisely because he is Scottish. Thus we arrive at "Firth of the Fifth Body", although this story does not seem to have anything to do with the lyrics of the song.
The song survived the departure of Peter Gabriel in 1975, with Phil Collins taking over to sing lead, Live in Paris 1977, Palais de Sports.
The recording of the song live in Paris was included on the live album Seconds Out.
The instrumental section of the song, featuring the guitar solo, was resurrected for the Mama Tour in 1983–84, as well as the We Can't Dance tour in 1992, with touring member Daryl Stuermer playing Hackett's guitar parts. This section of the song featured on the Calling All Stations tour in 1998, with Anthony Drennan playing guitar. It was resurrected for the 2007's Turn It On Again: The Tour and in 2021–22 during the Last Domino? Tour, again featuring Stuermer with Collins's son Nic playing drums during the latter tour. The instrumental segues directly into "I Know What I Like (In Your Wardrobe)" in the 1992, 2007 and 2021–22 versions.
Hackett has continued to play the song live since leaving Genesis. It appears on his solo album of re-worked Genesis songs, Watcher of the Skies: Genesis Revisited (1996) and The Tokyo Tapes (1998), with John Wetton singing and playing bass on both versions. The song was also included as an encore on his Genesis Revisited tour (2013-2014), featured on the live album Genesis Revisited: Live at Hammersmith (2013) and also on Selling England By The Pound & Spectral Mornings: Live At Hammersmith (2020).
The song has had a strong critical response as one of the best examples of progressive rock. Particular highlights of the track include Banks' piano introduction and Hackett's guitar solo. Rock author Edward Macan describes "Firth of Fifth" as "one of the finest nine and half minutes of music that Genesis ever put down". Genesis biographers Dave Bowler and Bryan Dray describe Hackett's solo as "the crowning moment of Hackett's time with the band."
Hackett has spoken favourably about his contributions to the song, saying "it'll always be twinned with me, and I still enjoy playing it. It's a great melody for guitar".
- Lambe 2012, p. 47.
- Macan 1997, p. 115.
- Couture, François. "Firth of Fifth - Genesis". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- Bowler & Dray 1992, p. 79.
- Macan 1997, p. 109.
- "Firth of Fifth - Genesis". Scribd. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- Bowler & Dray 1992, p. 81.
- "The Abacab Tour". The Genesis Archive. 1981-07-21. Retrieved 2022-11-29.
- That's All UK 12" single sleeve notes.
- Macan 1997, p. 136.
- Thompson 2011, p. 159.
- Bowler, Dave; Dray, Bryan (1992). Genesis: A Biography. Sidgwick & Jackson Ltd. ISBN 978-0-283-06132-5.
- Macan, Edward (1997). Rocking the Classics: English Progressive Rock and the Counterculture. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-09887-7.
- Lambe, Stephen (2012). Citizens of Hope and Glory: The Story of Progressive Rock. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-445-60737-5.
- Thompson, Dave (2011). 1000 Songs that Rock Your World: From Rock Classics to one-Hit Wonders, the Music That Lights Your Fire. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-1-440-21879-8.