M15 (New York City bus)
The First and Second Avenues Line, also known as the Second Avenue Line, is a bus line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mostly along Second Avenue (and northbound on First Avenue since 1951) from Lower Manhattan to East Harlem. Originally a streetcar line along Second Avenue, it is now the M15 bus route, the second busiest bus route in the city (behind the Bx12) and the busiest in Manhattan, with an annual ridership of over 15.5 million. MTA Regional Bus Operations, under the New York City Bus and Select Bus Service brands, operates the local out of the Tuskegee Airmen Bus Depot and the SBS is operated from the Mother Clara Hale Bus Depot. Service is operated exclusively with articulated buses.
|First and Second Avenues Line|
|System||MTA Regional Bus Operations|
|Operator||New York City Transit Authority|
|Garage||Tuskegee Airmen Depot (local)|
Mother Clara Hale Depot (SBS)
|Vehicle||Nova Bus LFS articulated|
New Flyer XD60 Xcelsior
|Livery||Select Bus Service (except local service)|
|Start||East Harlem – 126th Street|
|Via||First Avenue (northbound)|
Second Avenue (southbound)
|End||Pike Street / Cherry Street (local)|
South Ferry (local and SBS)
|Length||8.6 miles (13.8 km) (southbound)|
|Operates||24 hours; no SBS or Cherry Street service at night|
|Annual patronage||13,610,947 (2017)|
|Timetable||M15 M15 SBS|
The Second Avenue Railroad opened the line in 1853 and 1854, from Peck Slip on the East River north along Pearl Street, Bowery (shared with the Third Avenue Line), Grand Street, Chrystie Street, and Second Avenue to East Harlem. A short branch was later built along Stuyvesant Street and Astor Place to end at Broadway in NoHo. The Metropolitan Street Railway leased the line in January 1898, and on April 3 the line from Astor Place to Manhattan was electrified. The original line was later electrified to the Bowery, where streetcars used the Third Avenue Line to City Hall, and the line to Peck Slip was abandoned. Buses were substituted for streetcars by the East Side Omnibus Corporation on June 25, 1933. The New York City Board of Transportation took over operations in 1948, with the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) replacing it in 1953. In 1974, the M15 was chosen to be one of the first routes to operate Limited stop service. The new service would act as an express version of the M15, only stopping at major attractions and transfer points north of Houston Street. As part of the project, new dedicated bus lanes were installed.
On September 7, 1987, a public hearing was held to discuss the NYCTA's plan to reduce the span of weekend evening M15 service to City Hall and Park Row from ending at 12:40 a.m. to ending at 8:10 P.M.. In addition, the hours of weekday service were to be lengthened slightly. The changes were to be made to provide more uniform service frequency and service pattern.
In June 2002 as part of an outside study, the First/Second Avenues corridor was identified for the implementation of bus rapid transit (BRT) service, due to heavy ridership and slow travel speeds on the corridor. In late 2004, the MTA and the New York City Department of Transportation selected the route as one of the candidates for bus rapid transit service, along with Fordham Road (since implemented), Nostrand Avenue, Merrick Boulevard, and Hylan Boulevard. This evolved into Phase I of the Select Bus Service (SBS) program in 2006. On October 10, 2010, service began on the M15 Select Bus Service, replacing limited stop service. By then, the MTA had discontinued service to City Hall due to budget cuts.
Select Bus Service stopsEdit
Downtown Connection: Downtown Loop
South Street Seaport
Downtown Connection: Downtown Loop
|Hester / Grand Streets||Bidirectional|
|Houston Street||Southbound only|
|North of Houston Street, southbound service uses Second Avenue and northbound service uses First Avenue|
|First Street||Northbound only|
|23rd / 25th Streets
|28th / 29th Streets
NYU Langone Medical Center
|42nd / 44th Streets
|57th / 58th Streets||Bidirectional|
|95th Street||Southbound only|
|115th / 116th Streets||Bidirectional|
|126th Street||Northbound terminus,
- Google (May 8, 2017). "M15" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- MTA Regional Bus Operations. "M15 bus schedule" (PDF).
- MTA Regional Bus Operations. "M15 SBS bus schedule" (PDF).
- "Facts and Figures". mta.info. August 28, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
- "M15 Public Hearing Handout on Span of Service to City Hall" (PDF). www.laguardiawagnerarchive.lagcc.cuny.edu. New York City Transit Authority. August 27, 1987. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
- "First Avenue/Second Avenue SBS Community Advisory Committee Meeting" (PDF). nyc.gov. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation. September 23, 2009. Retrieved March 7, 2016.
- "Bus Rapid Transit For New York City" (PDF). Schaller Consulting, Transportation Alternatives, New York Public Interest Research Group. June 2002. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
- "Bus Rapid Transit: NYCBRT Study" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation, New York State Department of Transportation. 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 12, 2005. Retrieved February 15, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Select Bus Service on the Bx12: A BRT Partnership Between the New York City DOT and MTA New York City Transit" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation. January 12, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- "+selectbusservice M15 on First and Second Avenues: Progress Report" (PDF). nyc.gov. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, New York City Department of Transportation. November 2011. Retrieved March 7, 2016.
- "MTA Bus Company Committee Meeting Materials, July 2010" (PDF). p. 76. Retrieved August 13, 2010.
- "Select Bus Service - First Avenue/Second Avenue" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
- Grynbaum, Michael M. (October 10, 2010). "Rolling Out Speedier Bus System, to Glitches and Grumbles". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2011.
|SBS Bus Wrapping, Metropolitan Transportation Authority; October 12, 2010; 1:48 YouTube video clip|
|How to Ride the M15 Select Bus Service, Metropolitan Transportation Authority; October 20, 2010; 2:10 YouTube video clip|