First Lady of Mexico
The First Lady of Mexico (Spanish: Primera Dama de Mexico, Primera Dama de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is the unofficial title of the wife of the President of Mexico. The post is highly ceremonial and in fact once caused severe controversy when it was thought that the First Lady took too much involvement in their husband's post. Beatriz Gutiérrez Müller is the wife of current president Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
|First Lady of Mexico|
|Residence||National Palace of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico|
|Term length||6 years|
|Inaugural holder||Virginia Salinas de Carranza|
Role of the First LadyEdit
The first lady is not an elected position, carries no official duties and brings no salary. Nonetheless, she attends many official ceremonies and functions of state either along with or in place of the president. There is a strict taboo against the First Lady holding outside employment while occupying the office. Usually the First Lady takes an important (ceremonial) post as head of the Desarrollo Integral de la Familia (DIF) ("Integral Family Development"). However, this did not occur during the Fox administration when First Lady Marta Sahagún founded the national philanthropic organization Vamos México.
Two First Ladies have been active politicians: Martha Sahagún, who married Vicente Fox during his tenure (2002–2006), had been a party activist and candidate for Presidenta Municipal of Celaya on the PAN party ticket, and was briefly considered a contender for PAN's nomination to run for either the Jefe de Gobernación (Governor of the Federal District) or President in the 2006 election. Margarita Zavala, wife of Felipe Calderón, was a deputy from 2003 to 2006. In the 2018 Mexican general election she was a pre-candidate for the nomination of PAN, and then she briefly ran as an independent.
Beatriz Gutiérrez Müller, wife of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, abolished the post. She said she wanted to "servir a México en todo lo que pueda" (English: "serve Mexico any way she can") and that the title "First Lady" is "algo clasista". ("somewhat classist")
First Ladies of MexicoEdit
Living First LadiesEdit
As of September 2019, there are six living former First Ladies, as identified below.
Paloma Cordero de De la Madrid
born 1937 (age 82)
widow of Miguel de la Madrid
Cecilia Ocelli de Salinas de Gortari
born 1949 (age 70)
wife of Carlos Salinas de Gortari
Nilda Patricia Velasco de Zedillo
born 1952 (age 67)
wife of Ernesto Zedillo
The most recent First Lady to die was Carmen Romano (served 1976–1982), on 9 May 2000, at the age of 74.
- "Margarita Zavala renuncia a su candidatura para presidir México" [Margarita Zavala renounces her candidacy to lead Mexico]. El Pais (in Spanish). May 17, 2018. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- "La esposa de López Obrador suprime la figura de primera dama en México" [Wife of Lopez Obrador abolishes the post of First Lady of Mexico], El Diario.es (in Spanish), August 4, 2018, retrieved August 24, 2019
- President Obregón was assassinated just after being reelected and declared President Elect, thus he was never sworn in, and therefore she did not assume the role.
- The post was vacant from December 1, 2000 to July 1, 2001 (since Vicente Fox was unmarried upon assumption of the presidency), 2001 when he wed Marta Sahagún, who would then assume the role.
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