Firnley Islands

The Firnley Islands (Russian: острова Фирнлея; Ostrova Firnleya, Nynorsk: Firnleyøyane) is a group of three small islands covered with tundra vegetation and with scattered stones on their shores. They lie in the Kara Sea, close to the bleak coast of Siberia's Taymyr Peninsula, not far east of the Nordenskjold Archipelago. These islands lie about 35 km from the continental shore.

Firnley Islands
Native name:
острова Фирнлея
Firnley2.PNG
Map of the group showing adjacent islands
Kara seaFL.PNG
Location of the Firnley Islands in the Kara Sea
Geography
LocationKara Sea
Coordinates77°04′N 100°19′E / 77.067°N 100.317°E / 77.067; 100.317Coordinates: 77°04′N 100°19′E / 77.067°N 100.317°E / 77.067; 100.317
ArchipelagoFirnley Archipelago
Total islands3
Major islandsDlinnyy
Administration
Russia
KraiKrasnoyarsk Krai
Demographics
Populationuninhabited

The Firnley Islands were named by Fridtjof Nansen after Thomas Fearnley?, a Norwegian merchant who was one of the main financiers of the Fram expedition. They were also explored later by the Arctic Ocean Hydrographic Expedition.[1]

GeographyEdit

The Firnley Islands are covering the entrance to the Vilkitsky Strait from the west. They are all relatively small islands, Dlinnyy, the largest of the group, is only about 5 km in length.

The sea surrounding the islands is covered with fast ice in the winter, which is long and bitter, and the climate is exceptionally severe. The surrounding sea is obstructed by pack ice even in the summer, so that these islands are connected with the mainland for most of the year.[2]

This island group belongs to the Krasnoyarsk Krai administrative division of the Russian Federation. It is also part of the Great Arctic State Nature Reserve, the largest nature reserve of Russia.[3]

The Firnley Islands were named by Fridtjof Nansen after Thomas Fearnley?, a Norwegian merchant who was one of the main financiers of the Fram expedition.[4]

Adjacent islandsEdit

Although located relatively close by, the following islands are usually not considered part of the Firnley group:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ L. M. Starokadomski, O. J. Cattley, Vilkitski's North-East Passage, 1914-15
  2. ^ Fast ice in the Firnley and Geiberg islands
  3. ^ Nature Reserve Archived October 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Fridtjof Nansen, Otto Neumann Sverdrup, Farthest North: Being the Record of a Voyage of Exploration of the Ship
  5. ^ "Two nuclear generators missing in Arctic". Barentsobserver. Retrieved 2019-05-06.