Finström is a municipality of Åland, an autonomous territory of Finland.

Finström
Municipality
Finströms kommun
Åland folk high school
Åland folk high school
Coat of arms of Finström
Coat of arms
Location of Finström in Finland
Location of Finström in Finland
Finström is located in Åland
Finström
Finström
Location in Åland
Coordinates: 60°14′N 019°59.5′E / 60.233°N 19.9917°E / 60.233; 19.9917Coordinates: 60°14′N 019°59.5′E / 60.233°N 19.9917°E / 60.233; 19.9917
Country Finland
RegionÅland
Sub-regionÅland Countryside sub-region
Government
 • Municipal managerKatarina Sundberg
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total172.50 km2 (66.60 sq mi)
 • Land123.25 km2 (47.59 sq mi)
 • Water49.23 km2 (19.01 sq mi)
Area rank289th largest in Finland
Population
 (2019-01-31)[2]
 • Total2,592
 • Rank245th largest in Finland
 • Density21.03/km2 (54.5/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Swedish93.8% (official)
 • Finnish3.4%
 • Others2.9%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1418.9%
 • 15 to 6463.9%
 • 65 or older17.2%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19.5%
Websitewww.finstrom.ax

The municipality has a population of 2,592 (31 January 2019)[2] of which 93.8% speak Swedish and 3.4% Finnish as their first language.[3] The municipality covers an area of 172.50 square kilometres (66.60 sq mi) of which 49.23 km2 (19.01 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 21.03 inhabitants per square kilometre (54.5/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Swedish.

Godby is the second biggest built-up area in Åland after Mariehamn, inhabited by around 1300 people, or one-thirds of the municipality's population. A pharmacy, banks, a post office, a swimming hall and a health center are among the amenities that can be found in Godby.

HistoryEdit

Finström was widely inhabited in the Viking age. The church of St. Michael is one of the oldest in Åland with the oldest parts dating from the 12th century. Grelsby kungsgård was the place where king Gustavus Vasa stayed with his entourage of 312 people for a few days in the spring of 1556. Swedish king Gustaf IV Adolf also stayed there for six weeks in the summer of 1808 prior to the 1809 loss of Finland to Russia.

 
St. Michael's Church
 
Postage stamp, Finland, 1989.

GeographyEdit

Finström is right in the middle of mainland Åland and is bordered by a total of five municipalities: Sund to the east, Saltvik to the northeast, Geta to the north, Hammarland to the west and Jomala to the south.

Långsjön, the largest lake in Åland, is located in the municipality, as is the Almskogen nature reserve. Notable bays include Kasviken and Ödkarbyviken.

EconomyEdit

Godby is by far the center of Finström's economy. The biggest employer in the municipality is Optinova with 130 employees. Tourism is also an important line of business.

Agricultural products grown especially in the northern parts of Finström include apples and various vegetables, and fishing is also a source of income for some.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Finström at Wikimedia Commons