Finsbury (UK Parliament constituency)
The parliamentary borough of Finsbury was a constituency of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament from 1832 to 1885, and from 1918 to 1950. The constituency was first created in 1832 as one of seven two-seat "metropolis" parliamentary boroughs (five in southeast Middlesex and two in northeast Surrey) other than the two which already existed: Westminster and the City of London; the latter until 1885 retained an exceptional four seats. Finsbury was directly north of the City of London and was smaller than the Finsbury division of the Ossulstone hundred but took in land of Holborn division (hundred division) to its southwest in pre-introduction changes by Boundary Commissioners. It included Finsbury, Holborn, Moorfields, Clerkenwell, Islington, Stoke Newington and historic St Pancras (later mainly known as Camden Town). The 1918 constituency corresponded to the smaller Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury (Finsbury, Moorfields, Clerkenwell, and St Luke's, Islington); it was a seat, thus electing a single member, fulfilling a longstanding aim of Chartism which underscored the 1832 reforms.
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||two|
|Replaced by||Finsbury Central, Finsbury East, Holborn, Islington East, Islington North, Islington South and Islington West|
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Shoreditch and Finsbury|
|Created from||Finsbury Central and Finsbury East|
1832–1885 two-member constituency / parliamentary boroughEdit
It was originally proposed that the constituency would comprise the entire Finsbury Division and a number of adjoining parishes in the Holborn Division of Ossulstone, one of the hundreds of Middlesex. The commissioners appointed under the Boundaries Act decided to exclude the northern part of the Finsbury Division, which extended as far as Friern Barnet, some nine miles from London and a largely rural area. They could find no natural boundary to separate "the Rural from the Town District" and suggested that the dividing line should run through the northern section of Islington, following the boundaries formed for Church of England ecclesiastical districts. The seat as eventually created included the whole of Islington, however.
The parliamentary borough was defined in Schedule O of the Boundaries Act as:
- The several Parishes of Saint Luke, Saint George the Martyr, St Giles in the Fields, Saint George Bloomsbury, Saint Mary Stoke Newington, and St. Mary, Islington; the several Liberties or Places of Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, Ely Rents, Ely Place, the Rolls, Glass House Yard, and the Charter House; Lincolns Inn and Grays Inn; the Parish of St. James and St. John Clerkenwell, except that Part thereof which is situate to the North of the Parish of Islington; those Parts of the respective Parishes of Saint Sepulchre and Saint Andrew Holborn and of Furnivals Inn and Staple Inn respectively, which are situated without the Liberty of the City of London.
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 divided the constituency, by then highly populated, into seven new single member constituencies. Four were divisions of a new Parliamentary Borough of Islington; while the Finsbury Parliamentary Borough was divided into three, named Central Division, East Division and Holborn Division.
The Representation of the People Act 1918 created a new single-member Finsbury Parliamentary borough in the County of London, identical to the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. In 1950, it was merged with the neighbouring borough of Shoreditch to become Shoreditch and Finsbury.
Members of ParliamentEdit
The parliamentary borough returned two members of parliament
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Robert Grant||Whig||Robert Spankie||Whig|
|1834 by-election||Thomas Slingsby Duncombe||Radical|
|1861 by-election||William Cox||Liberal|
|1865||William McCullagh Torrens||Liberal||Sir Andrew Lusk||Liberal|
|1885||constituency abolished: see Finsbury Central, Finsbury East and Holborn|
The borough was a single-member constituency.
|1948||Labour Independent Group|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Independent Labour||Christopher Roland Morden||349||1.7||n/a|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+15.0|
|Unionist||Ernest Augustus Taylor||11,643||44.2||+10.6|
|Liberal||William John Pinard||4,855||15.2||+6.4|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|National Labour||George Gillett||17,292||63.1||n/a|
|Labour Co-op||Thomas Williams||10,133||36.9||-19.6|
|National Labour gain from Labour||Swing||n/a|
|Labour Co-op||George Woods||13,408||55.8||+18.9|
|National Labour||George Gillett||10,600||44.2||-18.9|
|Labour Co-op gain from National Labour||Swing||+18.9|
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1940sEdit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal||William McCullagh Torrens||15,247||34.5||+1.7|
|Turnout||28,928 (est)||64.3 (est)||+14.0|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Liberal||William McCullagh Torrens||10,099||32.8||−7.0|
|Conservative||Charles Wilson Randolph||7,737||25.2||+6.6|
|Turnout||18,880 (est)||51.3 (est)||−7.0|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Liberal||William McCullagh Torrens||13,159||39.8||+2.5|
|Conservative||Peter Frederick O'Malley||6,137||18.6||+14.8|
|Turnout||19,587 (est)||58.3 (est)||+12.0|
|Liberal||William McCullagh Torrens||8,480||37.3||N/A|
|Independent Liberal||Philip William Perfitt||316||1.4||N/A|
|Turnout||11,794 (est)||46.3 (est)||−2.1|
|Liberal||John Remington Mills||4,848||49.8||N/A|
- Caused by Duncombe's death.
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Liberal||Thomas Slingsby Duncombe||8,538||40.1||+0.2|
|Turnout||10,634 (est)||48.4 (est)||+6.3|
|Radical||Thomas Slingsby Duncombe||6,922||39.9||−1.3|
|Radical||John Humffreys Parry||3,954||22.8||N/A|
|Whig||Joseph Haythorne Reed||2,378||13.7||N/A|
|Turnout||8,682 (est)||42.1 (est)||+1.7|
|Whig gain from Radical||Swing||N/A|
|Radical||Thomas Slingsby Duncombe||6,678||41.2||N/A|
|Turnout||8,096 (est)||40.4 (est)||N/A|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Radical||Thomas Slingsby Duncombe||Unopposed|
|Radical||Thomas Slingsby Duncombe||Unopposed|
- Commissioners on Proposed Division of Counties and Boundaries of Boroughs (1832). Parliamentary representation: further return to an address to His Majesty, dated 12 December, 1831. p. 114.
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 208. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- "The General Election". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 10 July 1852. pp. 4, 7. Retrieved 22 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. Retrieved 22 October 2018 – via Google Books.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 7–8. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "The General Election". London Evening Standard. 31 March 1880. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 20 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Finsbury Election". Islington Gazette. 10 March 1874. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 30 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". London Evening Standard. 30 January 1874. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 30 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "British Military lists". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
- "Finsbury". Morning Advertiser. 20 October 1868. p. 4. Retrieved 11 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 20 October 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 11 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Finsbury Election". Morning Advertiser. 15 June 1865. p. 5. Retrieved 11 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Berkshire Chronicle. 17 June 1865. p. 2. Retrieved 11 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Finsbury Election". Morning Advertiser. 6 December 1861. p. 6. Retrieved 11 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Finsbury". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 10 July 1852. pp. 4, 7. Retrieved 29 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". The Morning Post. 8 July 1852. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 29 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 (2 & 3 Will. 4 c.64)
- Representation of the People Act 1918 (7 & 8 Geo. 5 c.64)
- Youngs, F. A., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.1, Southern England, London, 1979
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F"