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Finkenwerder (About this soundGerman pronunciation ; Low German: Finkwarder, Finkenwarder or - wärder; German: Finkeninsel; translation: Island of finches) is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany in the borough Hamburg-Mitte. It is the location of a plant of Airbus and its airport. In 2016 the population was 11,727.

Finkenwerder
Quarter of Hamburg
House (built 1817) at the street Auedeich in Finkenwerder
House (built 1817) at the street Auedeich in Finkenwerder
Location of Finkenwerder in Hamburg
HH-Finkenwerder-quarter.jpg
Finkenwerder is located in Germany
Finkenwerder
Finkenwerder is located in Hamburg
Finkenwerder
Coordinates: 53°31′37″N 9°51′57″E / 53.52694°N 9.86583°E / 53.52694; 9.86583Coordinates: 53°31′37″N 9°51′57″E / 53.52694°N 9.86583°E / 53.52694; 9.86583
CountryGermany
StateHamburg
CityHamburg
BoroughHamburg-Mitte
Area
 • Total19.3 km2 (7.5 sq mi)
Population
 (1.1.2016)
 • Total11,727
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes040
Vehicle registrationHH

Contents

HistoryEdit

Finkenwerder was first mentioned in 1236 (as "Vinkenwerder"). The fishing village became part of Hamburg in 1445 and granted the status of a suburb (Vorort) in 1919.

During World War II until April 30, 1945 a concentration camp was established in Finkenwerder. It was a subcamp to the Neuengamme concentration camp.[1] It was also the site of a U-boat bunker, which was heavily damaged by Tallboy and Grand Slam bombs in April 1945 and demolished post-war, although the foundations of the walls were uncovered during work to extend the runway of Hamburg-Finkenwerder Airport.

GeographyEdit

The port of Hamburg covers a part of this quarter. In 2006 according to the statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, the quarter Altengamme has a total area of 19.3 km².

The western and northern border is the river Elbe in the North the borough Altona borders to Finkenwerder. Altenwerder and Waltershof are in the East. In the South is the border to the quarter Neugraben.

DemographicsEdit

11,629 people were living in the quarter Finkenwerder in 2006. The population density was 602/km2 (1,559/sq mi). 18.9% were children under the age of 18, and 19.8% were 65 years of age or older. 13% were immigrants. 461 people were registered as unemployed and 3,928 were employees subject to social insurance contributions.[2]

In 1999 there were 5,702 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them and 39.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.1.[3]

In 2006 there were 867 criminal offences (75 crimes per 1000 people).[4]

EducationEdit

There were 2 elementary schools and 2 secondary schools in the quarter Finkenwerder.[5]


EconomyEdit

Finkenwerder is divided into an industrial area and rural parts. The Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport run by the Airbus S.A.S. industries and some facilities of the port of Hamburg are located in this quarter.

InfrastructureEdit

Health systemsEdit

Finkenwerder has six day-care centers for children, and also seven physicians in private practice and three pharmacies.[5]

TransportationEdit

The quarter is not serviced by the rapid transit system of the city train. Public transport is provided by buses of the Hamburger Verkehrsverbund and the HADAG Seetouristik und Fährdienst, operating ferries on the Elbe river.

According to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), 4,354 private cars were registered in Finkenwerder (376 cars/1000 people).[5] There were 58 traffic accidents total, including 45 traffic accidents with damage to persons.[6]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The camp is listed as No. 554 Hamburg-Finkenwerder in the official German list of concentration camps.
  2. ^ Residents registration office, source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  3. ^ Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (1999)
  4. ^ State Investigation Bureaux (Landeskriminalamt), source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  5. ^ a b c Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  6. ^ Traffic accident statistic, statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Information about the former Satellite Camp Hamburg-Finkenwerder