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The Fine Arts Department (Thai: กรมศิลปากร, RTGSKrom Sinlapakon) is a government department of Thailand, under the Ministry of Culture. It is mainly tasked with overseeing the country's cultural heritage conservation.

Fine Arts Department
กรมศิลปากร
Fine Arts Department - Seal - 001.jpg
Ganesh, the symbol of arts
Agency overview
Formed1912
TypeGovernment agency
JurisdictionNationwide
HeadquartersPhra Nakhon, Bangkok, Thailand
Agency executive
  • Anan Chuchote, Director
Parent agencyMinistry of Culture
Websitewww.finearts.go.th

Contents

HistoryEdit

The department was originally established by King Vajiravudh in 1912, split off from the Palace's Religious Affairs Office, and was primarily concerned with protecting Buddhist monuments. In 1926, during the reign of King Prajadhipok, the department was merged into the Royal Society, along with the Museum Department and Archaeology Department, in effect consolidating several cultural heritage-related agencies. In 1933, following the abolition of absolute monarchy, the Royal Society's archaeological arm was split off and re-established as the Fine Arts Department under the Ministry of Education (then known as the Ministry of Public Instruction). It became part of the Ministry of Culture from 1952 until 1957 (when the ministry was dissolved), and again in 2002 when the ministry was re-established.[1][2]

FunctionsEdit

The Fine Arts Department is responsible for the study and management of archaeological sites and objects, as well as the operation of the country's national museums, which it does under the legal framework of the Act on Ancient Monuments, Antiques, Objects of Art and National Museums, B.E. 2504 (1961). It also covers intangible cultural heritage, literature, and historical archives. Among its constituent bureaus are the National Archives and the National Library.

OrganizationEdit

The Fine Arts Department comprises the following divisions:[3]

  1. Office of the Secretariat
  2. Archaeology Division
  3. Underwater Archaeology Division[4]
  4. Center for Information Technology on Art and Culture
  5. Office of Performing Arts
  6. Office of Traditional Arts
  7. Office of National Museums
  8. Office of Literature and History
  9. 1st Regional Office
  10. 2nd Regional Office
  11. 3rd Regional Office
  12. 4th Regional Office
  13. 5th Regional Office
  14. 6th Regional Office
  15. 7th Regional Office
  16. 8th Regional Office
  17. 9th Regional Office
  18. 10th Regional Office
  19. 11th Regional Office
  20. 12th Regional Office
  21. Office of Architecture
  22. Office of the National Archives
  23. Office of the National Library

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stubbs, John H.; Thomson, Robert G. (2016). "Thailand". Architectural Conservation in Asia: National Experiences and Practice (reprint ed.). Taylor & Francis. pp. 231–250. ISBN 9781317406198.
  2. ^ Marwick, Ben; Shoocongdej, Rasmi; Thongcharoenchaikit, Cholawit; Chaisuwan, Boonyarit; Khowkhiew, Chaowalit; Kwak, Suengki (2013). "Hierarchies of engagement and understanding: Community engagement during archaeological excavations at Khao Toh Chong rockshelter, Krabi, Thailand". In Brockwell, Sally; O'Connor, Sue; Byrne, Denis (eds.). Transcending the Culture–Nature Divide in Cultural Heritage: Views from the Asia–Pacific region. Terra Australis 36. ANU Press. doi:10.22459/TA36.12.2013. ISBN 9781922144058.
  3. ^ "กฎกระทรวงแบ่งส่วนราชการกรมศิลปากร กระทรวงวัฒนธรรม (ฉบับที่ 3) พ.ศ. 2560" [Ministerial Regulation on the Organization of the Department of Fine Arts, Ministry of Culture (No. 3) B.E. 2560]. Act of 2017.
  4. ^ Karnjanatawe, Karnjana (3 September 2018). "The depths of history". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 3 September 2018.