Fine Arts Department
The Fine Arts Department (Thai: กรมศิลปากร, RTGS: Krom Sinlapakon) is a government department of Thailand, under the Ministry of Culture. It is mainly tasked with overseeing the country's cultural heritage conservation.
Ganesh, the symbol of arts
|Headquarters||Phra Nakhon, Bangkok, Thailand|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Culture|
The department was originally established by King Vajiravudh in 1912, split off from the Palace's Religious Affairs Office, and was primarily concerned with protecting Buddhist monuments. In 1926, during the reign of King Prajadhipok, the department was merged into the Royal Society, along with the Museum Department and Archaeology Department, in effect consolidating several cultural heritage-related agencies. In 1933, following the abolition of absolute monarchy, the Royal Society's archaeological arm was split off and re-established as the Fine Arts Department under the Ministry of Education (then known as the Ministry of Public Instruction). It became part of the Ministry of Culture from 1952 until 1957 (when the ministry was dissolved), and again in 2002 when the ministry was re-established.
The Fine Arts Department is responsible for the study and management of archaeological sites and objects, as well as the operation of the country's national museums, which it does under the legal framework of the Act on Ancient Monuments, Antiques, Objects of Art and National Museums, B.E. 2504 (1961). It also covers intangible cultural heritage, literature, and historical archives. Among its constituent bureaus are the National Archives and the National Library.
The Fine Arts Department comprises the following divisions:
- Office of the Secretariat
- Archaeology Division
- Underwater Archaeology Division
- Center for Information Technology on Art and Culture
- Office of Performing Arts
- Office of Traditional Arts
- Office of National Museums
- Office of Literature and History
- 1st Regional Office
- 2nd Regional Office
- 3rd Regional Office
- 4th Regional Office
- 5th Regional Office
- 6th Regional Office
- 7th Regional Office
- 8th Regional Office
- 9th Regional Office
- 10th Regional Office
- 11th Regional Office
- 12th Regional Office
- Office of Architecture
- Office of the National Archives
- Office of the National Library
- Stubbs, John H.; Thomson, Robert G. (2016). "Thailand". Architectural Conservation in Asia: National Experiences and Practice (reprint ed.). Taylor & Francis. pp. 231–250. ISBN 9781317406198.
- Marwick, Ben; Shoocongdej, Rasmi; Thongcharoenchaikit, Cholawit; Chaisuwan, Boonyarit; Khowkhiew, Chaowalit; Kwak, Suengki (2013). "Hierarchies of engagement and understanding: Community engagement during archaeological excavations at Khao Toh Chong rockshelter, Krabi, Thailand". In Brockwell, Sally; O'Connor, Sue; Byrne, Denis (eds.). Transcending the Culture–Nature Divide in Cultural Heritage: Views from the Asia–Pacific region. Terra Australis 36. ANU Press. doi:10.22459/TA36.12.2013. ISBN 9781922144058.
- "กฎกระทรวงแบ่งส่วนราชการกรมศิลปากร กระทรวงวัฒนธรรม (ฉบับที่ 3) พ.ศ. 2560" [Ministerial Regulation on the Organization of the Department of Fine Arts, Ministry of Culture (No. 3) B.E. 2560]. Act of 2017.
- Karnjanatawe, Karnjana (3 September 2018). "The depths of history". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 3 September 2018.