Fiscal Court (Germany)

(Redirected from Finance Court)

The Fiscal Court (German: Finanzgericht, abbreviated FG) is a specialised German court with fiscal jurisdiction. Under German law, the Fiscal Court is the court of first instance for legal action in fiscal disputes. The Fiscal Court rules on legal disputes between citizens and tax authorities (tax offices, customs authorities, family funds [Familienkassen] and the Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund in matters relating to pension benefits [Section 98 German Income Tax Act [de]]).

The punishment of tax offenders is not one of the responsibilities of the Fiscal Courts. The Fiscal Courts are not an extended arm of the tax administration, but are legally independent like any other German court.

The structure of the German courts with fiscal jurisdiction is two-tiered. The appeals against decisions by the Fiscal Courts is heard by the Federal Fiscal Court.

List of the Fiscal CourtsEdit

Germany has 18 Fiscal Courts[1][2] and one Federal Fiscal Court. Every German state (Bundesland) has one Fiscal Court except Berlin and Brandenburg, which have a shared Fiscal Court, Bavaria, which has two Fiscal Courts (in Munich and Nuremberg) and North Rhine-Westphalia, which has three Fiscal Courts (Düsseldorf, Cologne and Münster).

State of Germany Finance Courts Reference
Baden-Württemberg Fiscal Court Baden-Württemberg [de] (in Stuttgart) [1][2]
Bavaria Fiscal Court Munich [de] (with external senates in Augsburg)
Finance Court Nuremberg [de]
Berlin und Brandenburg Fiscal Court of the Länder Berlin-Brandenburg [de] (in Cottbus) [1][2]
Bremen Fiscal Court Bremen [de] [1][2]
Hamburg Fiscal Court Hamburg [de] [1][2]
Hesse Fiscal Court Hesse [de] (in Kassel) [1][2]
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Fiscal Court Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [de] (in Greifswald) [1][2]
Lower Saxony Fiscal Court Lower Saxony [de] (in Hanover) [1][2]
North Rhine-Westphalia Fiscal Court Düsseldorf [de]
Fiscal Court Cologne [de]
Fiscal Court Münster [de]
Rhineland-Palatinate Fiscal Court Rhineland-Palatinate [de] (in Neustadt an der Weinstraße) [1][2]
Saarland Fiscal Court of the Saarland [de] (in Saarbrücken) [1][2]
Saxony Fiscal Court Saxony [de] (in Leipzig) [1][2]
Saxony-Anhalt Fiscal Court of the State of Saxony-Anhalt [de] (in Dessau-Roßlau) [1][2]
Schleswig-Holstein Fiscal Court Saxony [de] (in Kiel) [1][2]
Thuringia Fiscal Court Thuringia [de] (in Gotha) [1][2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "The fiscal jurisdiction: The fiscal courts (of first instance)". Federal Fiscal Court (in German). 2023. Archived from the original on 8 October 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Schaumburg & Hendricks 2018, p. 2.


  • Schaumburg, Heide; Hendricks, Michael, eds. (2018). Steuerrechtsschutz (in German) (4 ed.). Otto Schmidt. ISBN 9783504165673.

External linksEdit