The filmi-ghazal is a genre of filmi music based on ghazal poetry in Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu), used in Indian films, especially the music of Bollywood (Hindi cinema). The filmi-ghazals retain the couplet format and rhyme scheme similar to that in ghazals. However, instead of vocal or instrumental passages as interludes, the filmi-ghazal usually uses precomposed musical pieces.[1][2]


Music directors like Madan Mohan composed notable filmi-ghazals extensively for Muslim socials in the 1960s and the 1970s.[3]

The filmi-ghazal style experienced a revival in the early 1990s, sparked by the success of Nadeem–Shravan's Aashiqui (1990). It had a big impact on Bollywood music, ushering in ghazal-type romantic music that dominated the early 1990s, with soundtracks such as Dil, Saajan, Phool Aur Kaante and Deewana.[4]

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  1. ^ Gregory D. Booth, Bradley Shope (2014). More Than Bollywood: Studies in Indian Popular Music. Oxford University Press. p. 100. ISBN 0199928851. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  2. ^ Nettl, Bruno; Arnold, Alison (2000). The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: South Asia : the Indian subcontinent. Taylor & Francis. p. 534. ISBN 978-0-8240-4946-1.
  3. ^ Anantharaman, Ganesh (January 2008). Bollywood Melodies: A History of the Hindi Film Song. Penguin Books India. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-14-306340-7.
  4. ^ "India Today". India Today. Living Media: 342. 1994. In 1990, the super-success of Nadeem-Shravan's Aashiqui ushered in the era of ghazal-type romantic music as in Saajan, Dil, Phool aur Kaante, Deewana.