Ficus cordata, the Namaqua fig, is a species of fig that occurs in two disjunct populations in Africa, one in the arid southwest of the continent, and a second in the northern subtropics. In the south it is often the largest and most prominent tree,[1] and is virtually restricted to cliff faces and rock outcrops,[2] where it has a rock-splitting habit.[3]

Namaqua fig
Ficus cordata IMG 8502.JPG
In the Fish River Canyon, Namibia
Scientific classification
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F. cordata
Binomial name
Ficus cordata

SubspeciesEdit

The subspecies are:[4]

  • F. c. cordata – southwestern Africa
  • F. c. lecardii (Warb.) C.C.Berg – Senegal to central Africa[5]

Range and habitatEdit

The nominate subspecies is native to arid western South Africa, Namibia and southwestern Angola,[2] while a second subspecies is native to Africa's northern subtropics. The nominate subspecies is found in fynbos, succulent Karoo and Nama Karoo,[2] while the northern subspecies is found in savannah, up to 1,500 m above sea level.[5]

Species associationsEdit

The nominate subspecies is pollinated by the wasp Platyscapa desertorum Compton.. The wasp Comptoniella vannoorti Wiebes. is an associated non-pollinator that oviposits through the fig wall.[2] The pollinator wasp of the northern subspecies, F. c. lecardii, is as yet unknown.[5]

Similar speciesEdit

F. salicifolia,[6] the Wonderboom, is sometimes deemed a third subspecies of Ficus cordata, i.e. F. c. subsp. salicifolia (Vahl) C.C.Berg, but it lacks the yellowish sessile figs of F. cordata, and its range is much to the east.

 
Foliage

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Moll, Eugene (2013). Watter Boom is dit?. ISBN 978-1-77007-832-1.
  2. ^ a b c d Van Noort, S., Rasplus, J. "Ficus cordata cordata Thunberg 1786". Figweb. Iziko Museums. Archived from the original on 5 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  3. ^ Burring, Jan. "Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Miq". plantzafrica.com. SANBI. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Ficus cordata Thunb". The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Van Noort, S., Rasplus, J. "Ficus cordata lecardii (Warburg) C.C. Berg 1988". Figweb. Iziko Museums. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  6. ^ "Ficus salicifolia Vahl". The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Retrieved 6 November 2014.