Ficus (gastropod)

Ficus is a genus of large sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Ficidae, the fig shells.[3]

Ficus
Ficus gracilis.jpg
Dorsal view of a shell of Ficus gracilis
Ficus gracilis 01.JPG
Five views of a shell of Ficus gracilis
Scientific classification e
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Caenogastropoda
Order: Littorinimorpha
Superfamily: Ficoidea
Family: Ficidae
Genus: Ficus
Röding, 1798[1][2]
Type species
Ficus ficus
Synonyms[3]

This is the type of the family Ficidae. Previously it has been categorized in the family Muricidae by Tryon, 1873) and Tritonidae (by Mörch)

DescriptionEdit

The light, pyriform shell is ventricose, ribbed, and cancellated. The spire very short. The aperture large. The smooth columella is simple. The elongated canal is straight. The thin outer lip is entire. There is no umbilicus.[4]

SpeciesEdit

Species within the genus Ficus include:

Species brought into synonymy
  • Ficus atlanticus Clench & Aguayo, 1940 : synonym of Ficus pellucida Deshayes, 1856
  • Ficus carolae Clench, 1945 : synonym of Ficus papyratia carolae Clench, 1945
  • Ficus communis Röding, 1798 :[14] synonym of Ficus ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Ficus ficoides (Lamarck, 1822) : synonym of Ficus ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Ficus filosus (Sowerby III, 1892) : synonym of Ficus filosa (Sowerby III, 1892)
  • Ficus howelli Clench & Aguayo, 1940 : synonym of Ficus pellucida Deshayes, 1856
  • Ficus lindae Petuch, 1988 : synonym of Ficus papyratia lindae Petuch, 1988
  • Ficus margaretae Iredale, 1931 : synonym of Ficus ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Ficus pellucidus Deshayes, 1856 accepted as Ficus pellucida Deshayes, 1856
  • Ficus subintermedius (d'Orbigny, 1852) : synonym of Ficus ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Ficus tessellatus (Kobelt, 1881) : synonym of Ficus eospila (Péron & Lesueur, 1807)
  • Ficus variegatus Röding, 1798 : synonym of Ficus variegata Röding, 1798
  • Ficus ventricosus (Sowerby I, 1825) : synonym of Ficus ventricosa (Sowerby I, 1825)
  • Ficus villai Petuch, 1998:[15] synonym of Ficus papyratia villai Petuch, 1998

ReferencesEdit

  • Lamarck J.-B. (M. de) (1799). Prodrome d'une nouvelle classification des coquilles, comprenant une rédaction appropriée des caractères géneriques, et l'établissement d'un grand nombre de genres nouveaux. Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris 1: 63-91
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp
  • Verhaeghe, M. & Poppe, G. T., 2000 A Conchological Iconography (3), The Family Ficidae
  • Bouchet P., Rocroi J.P., Hausdorf B., Kaim A., Kano Y., Nützel A., Parkhaev P., Schrödl M. & Strong E.E. (2017). Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia. 61(1-2): 1-526; page(s): 107; note: type species fixation

External linksEdit