Festus Mogae

Festus Gontebanye Mogae (born 21 August 1939) is a Botswana politician who served as the third President of Botswana from 1998 to 2008. He succeeded Quett Masire as President in 1998 and was re-elected in October 2004; after ten years in office, he stepped down in 2008 and was succeeded by Lieutenant General Ian Khama.

Festus Mogae
Festus Mogae 2009-06-23.jpg
3rd President of Botswana
In office
1 April 1998 – 1 April 2008
Vice PresidentIan Khama
Preceded byQuett Masire
Succeeded byIan Khama
4th Vice-President of Botswana
In office
PresidentSir Ketumile Masire
Preceded byPeter Mmusi
Succeeded byIan Khama
Personal details
Born (1939-08-21) 21 August 1939 (age 81)
Serowe, Bechuanaland
Political partyBotswana Democratic Party
Spouse(s)Barbara Mogae (married 1968)
Alma materUniversity College, Oxford
University of Sussex


Early lifeEdit

Mogae studied economics in the United Kingdom, first at University College, Oxford, and then at the University of Sussex.[1] He returned to Botswana to work as a civil servant before taking up posts with the International Monetary Fund and the Bank of Botswana. He was governor of Bank of Botswana from 1980 to 1982.[2] He served as the Minister of Finance from 1989 to 1998.[3] He was Vice-President of Botswana from 1992 to 1998.


Mogae's party, the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP), retained power in the October 1999 general election, and Mogae was sworn in for a five-year term on 20 October 1999[4][5] by Chief Justice Julian Nganunu at the National Stadium in Gaborone.[5] On this occasion, he vowed to focus on the fight against poverty and unemployment.[4]

Following the BDP's victory in the October 2004 general election, Mogae was sworn in for another term on 2 November 2004.[6] Mogae promised to tackle poverty and unemployment, as well as the spread of HIV-AIDS, which he pledged to stop in Botswana by 2016.[7]

On 14 July 2007, Mogae affirmed his intention to resign nine months later.[8] He stepped down as President on 1 April 2008 and was succeeded by Vice-President Ian Khama.


Mogae currently serves as Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General on Climate Change.[9] In 2010, he joined the advisory board of US nonprofit TeachAIDS.[10] He also currently serves as chairman of the Choppies supermarket group where he earned Pula 529,000 in 2011.[11]

In 2013, along with former President Benjamin Mkapa of Tanzania, Mogae co-chaired a sustainable development symposium, hosted by the UONGOZI Institute in collaboration with Club de Madrid.[12] organisation of which Mkapa was also a member.

Personal lifeEdit

Festus Mogae married Barbara Mogae in 1967.[13] They have three daughters, born between 1970 and 1987: Nametso, Chedza and Boikaego.[13][14]

Festus Mogae being sworn in by Chief Justice Julian Nganunu on April 1, 1998


Mogae was awarded the Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur by French President Nicolas Sarkozy on 20 March 2008 for his "exemplary leadership" in making Botswana a "model" of democracy and good governance.[15]

Mogae won the 2008 Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership, and will receive US$5 million over 10 years and US$200,000 annually for life thereafter.[16] At London's City Hall on 20 October 2008, former United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan stated: "President Mogae's outstanding leadership has ensured Botswana's continued stability and prosperity in the face of an HIV/AIDS pandemic which threatened the future of his country and people."[17][18]

He has received a number of honours such as Naledi Ya BotswanaGaborone (2003); Grand Croix.

Mogae received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement in 2005.[19][20][21]

A Trustee of the Rhodes Trust since 2010,[22] in 2016 Festus Mogae was appointed a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[23]


  1. ^ "Biography of Festus MOGAE". African Success. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Milestones | Bank of Botswana". www.bankofbotswana.bw.
  3. ^ https://www.finance.gov.bw/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2&Itemid=102
  4. ^ a b "BOTSWANA: Mogae sworn in as president", IRIN, 20 October 1999.
  5. ^ a b "Botswana: Festus Mogae sworn in as president", Radio Botswana (nl.newsbank.com), 20 October 1999.
  6. ^ "Update: Festus Mogae sworn in as president of Botswana", Xinhua (nl.newsbank.com), 2 November 2004.
  7. ^ The Government of Botswana– Vision 2016 Archived 1 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Botswana's Mogae set to retire", AFP (IOL), 15 July 2007.
  9. ^ "Special and Personal Representatives and Envoys of the Secretary-General". United Nations. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  10. ^ "Former President of Botswana, Festus Mogae, joins TeachAIDS Advisory Board". TeachAIDS. 16 September 2010. Archived from the original on 6 December 2010. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
  11. ^ Mosikare, Oarabile (19 October 2012). "Inequality defines Botswana". MmegiOnline. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  12. ^ "Mkapa, Mogae to chair sustainable development meet". Daily News. Archived from the original on 21 November 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
  13. ^ a b Naidoo, Jay (4 April 2014). "A leader I would vote for: Botswana's former president Festus Mogae". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Biography of His Excellency Festus Gontebanye Mogae, Former President of the Republic of Botswana" (PDF). African Development Bank. July 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  15. ^ "Sarkozy décore le président du Botswana pour sa bonne gouvernance" Archived 20 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine, AFP, 20 March 2008 (in French).
  16. ^ "Former Botswana president awarded by Sudanese-born billionaire". Sudan Tribune. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  17. ^ ap.google.com, Former president of Botswana gets leadership prize Archived 22 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ . Reuters http://africa.reuters.com/wire/news/usnLK333438.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
  20. ^ "2005 Summit Highlights Photo". His Excellency Festus Mogae, President of Botswana and 2005 honoree, speaking at United Nations symposium.
  21. ^ "2006 Summit Highlights Photo". Golden Plate Awards Council member President Festus G. Mogae of Botswana greets President William J. Clinton.
  22. ^ "The Rhodes Trust and Trustees".
  23. ^ "FESTUS MOGAE (Trustee of the Rhodes Trust)". Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Peter Mmusi
Vice-President of Botswana
Succeeded by
Ian Khama
Preceded by
Quett Masire
President of Botswana
Succeeded by
Ian Khama
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Joaquim Chissano
Prize for Achievement in African Leadership
Succeeded by
Pedro Pires