Fernando Álvarez de Miranda

Fernando Álvarez de Miranda y Torres (14 January 1924 – 7 May 2016) was a Spanish politician, lawyer, and university professor of Procedural Law. He was president of the Congress of Deputies from 1977 to 1979, the first after Spain's transition to democracy. From 1994 to 1999 he was Ombudsman of Spain.[3]

Fernando Álvarez de Miranda y Torres
Alfonso Guerra conversa con el ex presidente del Congreso de los Diputados, Fernando Álvarez de Miranda (cropped).jpeg
Fernando Álvarez de Miranda in 1982.
President of the Congress of Deputies
In office
15 June 1977 – 6 April 1979
MonarchJuan Carlos I
Preceded byTorcuato Fernández-Miranda as President of Cortes Españolas
Succeeded byLandelino Lavilla Alsina
Member of the Congress of Deputies[1]
In office
5 July 1977 – 18 November 1982
Ombudsman of Spain[2]
In office
30 November 1994 – 30 November 1999
Personal details
Fernando Álvarez de Miranda y Torres

(1924-01-14)14 January 1924
Santander, Cantabria, Spain
Died7 May 2016(2016-05-07) (aged 92)
Madrid, Spain
Political partyUCD


Álvarez de Miranda studied law at the University of Madrid, where he later taught procedural law. Of Christian democratic and monarchist ideology, he was deported to Fuerteventura by the Francoist government for assisting to the 4th Congress of the European Movement International, celebrated in Munich in 1962. He was a member of Juan de Borbón's privy council.[3]

Political careerEdit

During the Spanish Transition, Álvarez de Miranda founded the Christian Democratic Left, a split of the Democratic Left. The party joined several other Christian democratic parties to form the Christian Democrat Party, which was itself eventually integrated into the Union of the Democratic Centre. Álvarez de Miranda was elected to the Congress of Deputies after the 1977 Spanish general election and was President of the Congress during the Constituent Legislature. He was also Ambassador of Spain in El Salvador from 1986 to 1989 and Defender of the People (Ombudsman) of Spain from 1994 to 1999.[3][4]


  1. ^ Fernando Álvarez de Miranda at the website of the Congress of Deputies
  2. ^ Cortes Generales, Boletín Oficial del Estado number 287, 1 December 1994 (PDF), retrieved 10 May 2016
  3. ^ a b c Biography at the website of the Spanish Defender of the People
  4. ^ "Fallece Fernando Álvarez de Miranda, histórico de UCD y la Transición española" (in Spanish). ABC. 8 May 2016. Archived from the original on 9 May 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016.