The Fergana Oblast (Russian: Ферганская область; Uzbek: Fargʻona viloyati) was an oblast (province) of the Russian Empire. It roughly corresponded to most of present-day Fergana Valley. It was created in 1876 when the territories of the former Khanate of Kokand were annexed to Russia (except for the oblasts of Syr-Darya Oblast and Semirechye Oblast, which were part of the khanate before Russian conquest between 1853 and 1865). Its administrative center was the city of Kokand.
|Oblast of Russia|
|Today part of|| Uzbekistan|
The Oblast was disbanded after the Russian Revolution and on April 30, 1918 the region became a part of the Turkestan ASSR.
As of 1897, the Fergana Oblast was divided into 5 uyezds:
|Uyezd||Uyezd city (pop.)||Area,
|Margelan||Novy Margelan (8,928)||14069.1||321,860|
As of 1897, 1,572,214 people populated the oblast. Turkic speaking Sarts (Today called Uzbeks) constituted the majority of the population. Significant minorities consisted of Kyrgyz and Tajiks. Total Turkic speaking were 1.439,989 (91,6% of the total population of the oblast).
|Unspecified Turkic dialects||261,234||16,6%|
- demoscope.ru 1897 census results.