Ferenc Mádl (Hungarian: [ˈfɛrɛnt͡s ˈmaːdl̩]; 29 January 1931 – 29 May 2011) was a Hungarian legal scholar, professor and politician, who served as the second President of the third Republic of Hungary, between 4 August 2000 and 5 August 2005. Prior to that he had been minister without portfolio between 1990 and 1993 then Minister of Education between 1993 and 1994 in the conservative cabinets of József Antall and Péter Boross. Mádl ran unsuccessfully for the position of President of Hungary in 1995, defeated by Árpád Göncz. Five years later he was elected President as the candidate of the governing conservative coalition.
|President of Hungary|
4 August 2000 – 5 August 2005
|Prime Minister||Viktor Orbán|
|Preceded by||Árpád Göncz|
|Succeeded by||László Sólyom|
|Born||29 January 1931|
Bánd, Kingdom of Hungary
|Died||29 May 2011 (aged 80)|
Studies and scientific activitiesEdit
Mádl was awarded a diploma from the Faculty of Politics and Law of the Eötvös Loránd University in 1955. Between 1961–1963 he studied at the faculty of international comparative law of the University of Strasbourg. He was awarded an academic degree as candidate of politics and law in 1964, and he received a doctorate in 1974 with his dissertation "The company and economic competition in the law of European economic integration". In 1987 he was elected a corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and then in 1993 he was made a full member of the Academy. In his scientific activities he has primarily dealt with matters of civil law, private international law and legal problems related to international economic relations, as well as European law.
He was secretary of the Scientific Qualifying Committee between 1984–1990, from 1985 he has been a member of the Harvard Academy of International Commercial Law, from 1988 a member of the steering committee of the Rome international institute (UNIDROIT) for unifying private law, while from 1989 he was appointed as a central judge on the Washington-based international selected court for states and foreign investors. Besides the aforementioned positions he held he also assisted in the editing of several scientific journals and the work of scientific organizations, and was a member of several international academies. Mádl lectured at numerous foreign universities as guest professor, and is the author of several books and studies.
From 1955 Mádl worked as a legal clerk and then as court secretary, then between 1956 and 1971 he worked as political and legal rapporteur at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Central Office, later being promoted to head of department. From 1971 he taught at the Budapest University of Sciences Department of Civil Law as a docent, before continuing this work as university tutor from 1973. In the meantime, between 1972 and 1980 he was on the staff of the Hungarian Academy's Institute of Politics and Law, and from 1978 until 1985 he held the post of director of the Institute of Civil Sciences. He was the director of the Faculty of Private International Law of the Budapest University of Sciences from 1985 until his death in May 2011.
He was not affiliated with any party. He undertook a role in political life after the change to democracy in 1989. From 23 May 1990 to 22 February 1993 as minister without portfolio in József Antall's government. He was charged with supervising the Hungarian Academy of Sciences; he assisted in defining government science policy goals as well as closely observing the harmonization of related state tasks and their implementation; on the basis of separate commissions he represented the government and the prime minister in international organizations; he cooperated with the ministers for justice, foreign affairs and international economic relations in the realization of certain tasks. From 1991 he also fulfilled duties as government commissioner in connection with the Bős-Nagymaros hydroelectric power plant project. At the instigation of the government, in late 1992 an inter-portfolio committee was formed under his chairmanship to research those works of art illegally taken to the former Soviet Union from Hungary during and after the Second World War, with the aim of winning their return.
He took the post of chairman of the board of directors of the State Property Agency on 1 August 1990, and from 1992 he exercised, on the authority of the government, supervisory powers over the State Bank Supervisory Authority, at the same time being appointed chairman of the Bank Supervisory Authority Committee, a role he filled until February 1993. He also exercised supervisory control over the Central Office of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the National Scientific Research Fund. He was appointed chairman of the government's Science Policy Committee in August 1990, and he headed the Human Resources Policy Cabinet between 1992–1993.
Between 22 February 1993 and 15 July 1994 he was minister for culture and education. Between February and July 1994 he filled the post of chairman of the Council for Higher Education and Science. Also in 1994, he was appointed chair of the National Cultural Fund. He stood as the opposition MDF-KDNP-Fidesz's nominee for President of the Republic in 1995. He had been chairman of the Hungarian Civil Cooperation Association since 1996. From 1999 he has been a member of the scientific advisory body for the Viktor Orbán government.
On 15 March 1999 he was awarded the Széchenyi Prize for his internationally recognized scientific achievements in the areas of European law, private international law and international commercial law, as well as for his higher educational and scientific organizational efforts. In September of the same year he was also honoured with the French order of the Légion d'honneur.
On 3 May 2000 he was nominated by Fidesz and the FKGP for the position of President of the Republic, which he accepted. The National Assembly of Hungary elected Ferenc Mádl President of the Republic on 6 June 2000. He was inaugurated as President of the Republic of Hungary on 4 August 2000. His duty, by Constitution, extended to 5 years. His term as President ended in 2005: he did not want to run again for the office. He was succeeded by László Sólyom, an independent candidate of the right-wing opposition, who defeated Katalin Szili in the indirect presidential election.
|Wikinews has related news: Former Hungarian president Ferenc Mádl dies aged 80|
After his presidency, Ferenc Mádl served as an Honorary Co-Chair for the World Justice Project. The World Justice Project works to lead a global, multidisciplinary effort to strengthen the Rule of Law for the development of communities of opportunity and equity.
- A deliktuális felelősség a társadalom és a jog fejlődésének történetében (1964)
- Az Európai Gazdasági Közösség joga (1974)
- Összehasonlító nemzetközi magánjog (1978)
- The Law of Transactions (1982)
- A külgazdaság és a nemzetközi beruházások joga (1988)
- State and Economy in Transformation (1997)
- EU Integration Process – Enlargement and Institutional Reforms (1997)
- Magyar nemzetközi magánjog és a nemzetközi gazdasági kapcsolatok joga (with Lajos Vékás, 1985–2004, 8 edition)
- Az európai örökség útjain (1995).
- Állam és gazdaság – Forradalom a jog útján a közép- és kelet-európai országokban (1997)
- Quo vadis, Európa? (2004)
Ferenc Mádl died aged 80 on 29 May 2011. Hungarian President Pál Schmitt paid tribute to Mádl upon learning of his death. A statement released by his office said, "Pál Schmitt learnt with deep sorrow of the former head of state's death, and on this day personally expressed his condolences to [Mádl's] family." Prime Minister Viktor Orbán commented on posted on his Facebook page, "We are shocked to hear the news. May he rest in peace!" On 6 June a memorial was held for the late president at the parliament, where legislative speaker László Kövér said that Ferenc Mádl was a Christian man, who brought with him his faith from the village where he was raised. He was buried in a Catholic ritual with military honours at the Fiumei Street National Cemetery on 7 June in a funeral ceremony starting at 16.30 CEST.
Honors and awardsEdit
On 8 November 2002, he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe for his commitment to peace, liberty, justice and solidarity in Europe.
- Poland: Order of the White Eagle (June 26, 2001)
- Latvia: Commander Grand Cross with Chain of the Order of Three Stars (Oct. 2001)
- Estonia: Collar of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana
- Croatia: Knight Grand Cross of the Grand Order of King Tomislav ("For outstanding contribution to the promotion of friendship and development co-operation between the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Hungary.", 15 March 2002)
- Norway: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav
- Italy: Knight Grand Cross with Grand Cordon of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (June 2002)
- Albania: On 30 March 2005 received a copy of the key of the city of Tirana on the occasion of his state visit to Albania.
- Spain: Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic (January 005). His wife is Grand Cross of the same order.
- Elhunyt Mádl Ferenc Index.hu
- Zárug, Péter Farkas (2011). "Történelmi mozgásban - Mádl Ferenc, a státusférfi". Magyar Demokrata. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- "Mádl Ferenc (1931-2011)". Nemzeti Emlékhely és Kegyeleti Bizottság. Retrieved 8 October 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Mádl Ferenc életrajza". Origo.hu. 3 May 2000. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Bölöny, József – Hubai, László: Magyarország kormányai 1848–2004 [Cabinets of Hungary 1848–2004], Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 2004 (5th edition). p. 389.
- "Mádl Ferenc alkalmasnak tartja magát államfőnek". Index.hu. 3 May 2000. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- "Mádl Ferencet jelölik államfőnek". Origo.hu. 3 May 2000. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- "A harmadik körben megválasztották államfőnek Mádl Ferencet". Origo.hu. 4 June 2000. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Mádl nem akar újra köztársasági elnök lenni - a Fidesz bizakodik Ma.hu
- "World Justice Forum: Working Together to Advance the Rule of Law" (PDF). The World Justice Project. 5 July 2008. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Blikk - Zsuzsanna Scherer - Mádl Ferencék félnek Anna kutyájától
- Mádl Ferenc interjúja a Szabad Földnek Archived 10 September 2012 at Archive.today solyomlaszlo.hu - Szabad Föld
- Former Hungarian President Ferenc Madl dies Archived 7 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine Xinhuanet
- Former Hungarian President Buried Today HungaryOne.com
- Former president to be buried with military honors on June 7 Archived 7 November 2017 at the Wayback Machine Politics.hu
- Lista osób odznaczonych w latach 1992-2005 (.pdf) – prezydent.pl
- List of recipients - president.ee
- "Odluka o odlikovanju Njegove Ekscelencije Ferenca Madla" (in Croatian). Narodne novine. 15 March 2002. Retrieved 10 July 2008.
- "Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav". bookrags.co. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- Received a copy of the key of the city of Tirana
- Getty Images, State Visit of Hungarian President, January 2005, Group photo
- His biography at the website of the Office of the President of the Republic of Hungary
- Former Hungarian President Ferenc Madl dies - Xinhuanet Retrieved 2011-05-30.
- Ferenc Madl, Hungarian icon, former President of the Republic passes away at age 80 - Budapest Report Retrieved 2011-05-29.
- Former Hungarian president Mádl dead at 80 - Politics.hu Retrieved 2011-05-29.
- Ferenc Mádl obituary - President of Hungary from 2000 to 2005, by George Gömöri, The Guardian, 15 June 2011 Retrieved 2014-12-20.
| Minister of Education
| President of Hungary