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Fengxiang County (simplified Chinese: 凤翔区; traditional Chinese: 鳳翔区; pinyin: Fèngxiáng Xiàn) is a county administered by Baoji City in the west of Shaanxi province, People’s Republic of China. The county covers an area of 1,179 km2 (455 sq mi) and as of 2004 had a population of 510,000. The Fengxiang’s government's seat is in Chengguan Town (城关镇).
Fengxiang in Baoji
Baoji in Shaanxi
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,179 km2 (455 sq mi)|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
The city of Yōng (雍) located in Fengxiang County, was once the capital of the ancient State of Qin during the Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BCE). As Yong's population expanded over time, the surrounding area became Yong County (雍县). During the Tang Dynasty (618–907 CE), a prefectural seat of government was established and renamed Fengxiang County, although people continued to use the old name. Under the Tang, it also served as Xidu (西都), the "Western Capital" of the empire.
The county is between 1,000–1,600 metres above sea level. It is located in a sub-humid climate to temperate zones. The annual average temperature is 11.4 degrees Celsius, with a low of −2.2 degrees Celsius in January, and a high in July of 24.7 degrees Celsius, with 625 mm in precipitation. Sunlight remains until 21:00 hours, and it has a frost-free period of 209 days. Its soil is small oil-based, and in the vast region of the south, there is deep soil, with good cultivation for major grain and cotton production. The hilly area north of the mountains to the river contains more than 1,000 river valleys with silt soil .
As 2020, this County is divided to 12 towns.
The county produces a GDP 1.48251 billion yuan, with total retail sales of 385.41 million yuan, the balance of savings deposits of urban and rural residents of 1.04604 billion yuan. It has a financial income of 43.43 million yuan, with 72.85 million yuan in financial expenditure. Industries include farming machinery manufacturing, breweries, cement, ceramics, chemicals, machine brick, sugar, flour, and food processing. Natural resources include mines, and mineral resources are limestone, fire-resistant stone, calcite, iron, lignite, and so on. The highway network includes 863 km (536 mi) of roads.
The county has an agricultural land area of 50,374 hectares, with a forest area of 5.5 hectares, producing 195,361 tons of food, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery output valued at 738.64 million yuan. Main food crops include wheat, with Shaanxi Province is one of the main producing areas; sorghum, corn and beans are followed by other economic crops such as cotton, pepper and tobacco. Farmers in the county has an output of 1,301 yuan per capita net.
Culture and tourismEdit
The county's specialty, Xifeng Jiu baijiu, is well-known at home and abroad. Other handicraft include woodcut New Year pictures, clay sculptures, paper cuttings, fireworks paper guns, lacquer, Fung grass, straw hats, and others. Main tourist attractions include East Lake Park, Gu Cheng, Yin Fung Chi which was built in the Song Dynasty, Weeping Willow Lake in Xiangying, beautiful, the tomb of Qin Mugong south of the mound, and three Yong City Qindou sites, all provincial-level key heritage conservation units.
The East Lake Park (Donghu Gongyuan) can be dated back to 1062, when Su Shi, who was a judge in Fengxiang at the time, had a drinking water pond dredged out, creating the East Lake Park. The park has a similar pedestrian causeway as the famous Hangzhou West Lake, which was also created by him. The park has an area of 200,000 m² and is home to several historic buildings and sculptures.
- http://www.fengxiang.gov.cn/ (Fengxiang county government website)
- https://web.archive.org/web/20100415163348/http://fengxiang.mofcom.gov.cn/ (Fengxiang MOFCOM)
- The Yongcheng Site of Qin is located in the south of Fengxiang County, Shaanxi Province
- Theobald, Ulrich. China Knowledge. "Chinese History - Tang Dynasty 唐 (618-907): Map and Geography". Accessed 19 Oct 2012.
- 2020年统计用区划代码（凤翔县） (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-12-13. Retrieved 2020-12-13.
- "凤翔县人民政府 风景名胜 凤翔东湖". www.fengxiang.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-03-22.