Fengjie County (simplified Chinese: 奉节; traditional Chinese: 奉節; pinyin: Fèngjié Xiàn) is a county of Chongqing Municipality, China. It is on the Yangtze River; located within a couple hundreds kilometers upstream from the Three Gorges Dam, it is within the dam's affected area.

Fengjie

奉节县

Fengkieh
Temple of the White Emperor (白帝廟), Baidicheng
Temple of the White Emperor (白帝廟), Baidicheng
Fengjie County in Chongqing
Fengjie County in Chongqing
Coordinates (Fengjie County Bureau of Civil Affairs (民政局)): 31°01′03″N 109°27′39″E / 31.0175°N 109.4607°E / 31.0175; 109.4607Coordinates: 31°01′03″N 109°27′39″E / 31.0175°N 109.4607°E / 31.0175; 109.4607
CountryPeople's Republic of China
MunicipalityChongqing
Area
 • Total4,098 km2 (1,582 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[3]
 • Total834,259
 • Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Fengjie County
Simplified Chinese奉节
Traditional Chinese奉節
PostalFengkieh

The county's most famous geographical feature is the Qutang Gorge, the first of the Yangtze's Three Gorges.

Notable karst phenomena, including the Xiaozhai Tiankeng sinkhole are located within the county.

It is the place where Still Life was shot, a film by Jia Zhangke that won the 2006 Venice Film Festival (Golden Lion).[4]

HistoryEdit

The county was established in 314 BC as Yufu County (魚復縣). In 649 AD, the name was changed to Fengjie, an reference to the loyalty of Zhuge Liang.[5]

GeographyEdit

 
Kuimen in the Qutang Gorge

Fengjie County is located in the northeast of Chongqing, bordering Wushan County in the east, Enshi City (Hubei) in the south, Yunyang County in the west and Wuxi County in the north. It is 500 km (310 mi) away from downtown Chongqing, and administers 30 townships, 363 administrative villages and 23 residential committee. By the end of 2008, the population of the county is 1.04 million with male population of 540,000 persons, accounting for 51.9% and female population of 500,000 persons, accounting for 48.1%.

ClimateEdit

Administrative divisionsEdit

Subdistricts:[1][3][6]

Towns:

Townships:

EconomyEdit

 
The Baotaping wharf

The GDP of Fengjie County ranked 25th among 40 county-level divisions (counties and districts) in Chongqing and 6th among all divisions in the northeast of Chongqing (11 counties and districts) in 2007. In 2007, the per capita net income of the peasants in Fengjie County is CNY 2,717.

It is known that the "collectively owned" land in Fengjie County were allocated the second time in 2005 after the first time in 1982-1983. Since then, the land has not been reallocated. Fengjie County Government encourages rural residents affected by development projects to become urban residents.

Migrant labor constitutes also an important part of the family income for the local rural residents. In some families, all the members are migrant labor. Their major occupations in urban areas cover restaurant operation, retailing and private business.

AgricultureEdit

The area of land cultivated is 58,933 ha and with a per-capita land area of 0.85 mu. The major crops grown in the area include rice, corn, potato, sweet potato, oil plant and vegetable and major animals raised include pigs, cattle, sheep, poultry and fish. Apart from conventional agriculture, cash cropping is also carried out such as the growing of tobacco, navel oranges, cotton, walnuts, and silkworm farming.

TransportEdit

Fengjie has one Yangtze River crossing, the Fengjie Yangtze River Bridge.

Ressettlement ControversyEdit

Chen Maoguo (simplified Chinese: 陈茂国; traditional Chinese: 陳茂國; pinyin: chén mào guó, aka the "bird man", Chinese鸟人”) protested against the low compensation received from relocation plans following the construction of a road entailing the demolition of his house. He was sentenced to prison for 3 years.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 行政区划 [Administrative Divisions] (in Chinese). 重庆市奉节县人民政府网. Retrieved 5 March 2019. 奉节县幅员面积4098平方公里,辖29个乡镇、3个街道办事处、1个管委会,314个村,76个社区。即永安街道办事处、鱼复街道办事处、夔门街道办事处,西部新区管委会,兴隆镇、吐祥镇、竹园镇、公平镇、草堂镇、新民镇、甲高镇、朱衣镇、康乐镇、白帝镇、汾河镇、大树镇、羊市镇、永乐镇、青龙镇、安坪镇、五马镇、石岗乡、青莲镇、冯坪乡、鹤峰乡、岩湾乡、红土乡、平安乡、康坪乡、云雾土家族乡、龙桥土家族乡、长安土家族乡、太和土家族乡。
  2. ^ 奉节县历史沿革 [Fengjie County Historical Development] (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 30 June 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2019. 1996年,奉节县面积4087.2平方千米,
  3. ^ a b 奉节县历史沿革 [Fengjie County Historical Development] (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 30 June 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2019. 2010年第六次人口普查,奉节县常住总人口834259人,{...}2014年4月30日,重庆市政府(渝府[2014]25号)批复同意撤销永安镇;调整白帝镇、朱衣镇行政区域范围;设立夔门街道、鱼复街道和永安街道。调整后,奉节县辖3个街道、18个镇、11个乡(其中4个民族乡):夔门街道、鱼复街道、永安街道、白帝镇、草堂镇、汾河镇、康乐镇、大树镇、竹园镇、公平镇、朱衣镇、甲高镇、羊市镇、吐祥镇、兴隆镇、青龙镇、新民镇、永乐镇、岩湾乡、平安乡、红土乡、新政乡、石岗乡、康坪乡、五马乡、太和土家族乡、安坪乡、鹤峰乡、冯坪乡、长安土家族乡、龙桥土家族乡、云雾土家族乡。
  4. ^ AP Staff (2006-09-09). "'Still Life' Takes Venice's Top Prize". Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-01-19.
  5. ^ "Timeline". Fengjie County Government. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  6. ^ 2018年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:奉节县 [2018 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Fengjie County] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2019. 统计用区划代码 名称 500236001000 永安街道办事处 500236002000 鱼复街道办事处 500236003000 夔门街道办事处 500236117000 白帝镇 500236118000 草堂镇 500236119000 汾河镇 500236120000 康乐镇 500236121000 大树镇 500236122000 竹园镇 500236123000 公平镇 500236124000 朱衣镇 500236125000 甲高镇 500236126000 羊市镇 500236127000 吐祥镇 500236128000 兴隆镇 500236129000 青龙镇 500236130000 新民镇 500236131000 永乐镇 500236132000 安坪镇 500236133000 五马镇 500236134000 青莲镇 500236265000 岩湾乡 500236266000 平安乡 500236267000 红土乡 500236269000 石岗乡 500236270000 康坪乡 500236272000 太和土家族乡 500236274000 鹤峰乡 500236275000 冯坪乡 500236276000 长安土家族乡 500236277000 龙桥土家族乡 500236278000 云雾土家族乡
  7. ^ (source: http://www.ynxxb.com/content/2010-6/28/N92213413192.aspx Archived 2010-07-01 at the Wayback Machine)

External linksEdit