Fencing at the 1968 Summer Olympics – Men's sabre

The men's sabre was one of eight fencing events on the fencing at the 1968 Summer Olympics programme. It was the sixteenth appearance of the event. The competition was held from 16 to 17 October 1968. 40 fencers from 16 nations competed.[1] Nations had been limited to three fencers each since 1928. The event was won by Jerzy Pawłowski of Poland, breaking a nine-Games string of Hungarian victories in the event. Hungary's best result in the event was Tibor Pézsa's bronze; Pézsa beat Pawłowski in the final pool but the Hungarian lost two other bouts while the Pole was otherwise flawless. Mark Rakita of the Soviet Union lost only to Pawłowski in the final pool, forcing another bout to break the tie between them for gold and silver; that barrage bout was decided by a single point as Pawłowski beat Rakita 5–4.

Men's sabre
at the Games of the XIX Olympiad
Jerzy Pawłowski 1968.jpg
Jerzy Pawłowski
VenueFernando Montes de Oca Fencing Hall
Dates16–17 October
Competitors40 from 16 nations
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Jerzy Pawłowski
 Poland
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Mark Rakita
 Soviet Union
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Tibor Pézsa
 Hungary
← 1964
1972 →

Pawłowski and Pézsa were the sixth and seventh men to win multiple medals in the individual men's sabre. Pawłowski's gold medal was Poland's first in the event, tying the nation with Cuba, France, Greece, and Italy for second-most all-time, behind Hungary's 11.

BackgroundEdit

This was the 16th appearance of the event, which is the only fencing event to have been held at every Summer Olympics. Six of the eight quarterfinalists from 1964 returned: gold medalist Tibor Pézsa of Hungary, silver medalist Claude Arabo of France, bronze medalist Umar Mavlikhanov of the Soviet Union, fifth-place finisher Emil Ochyra of Poland, sixth-place finisher Marcel Parent of France, and seventh-place finisher Walter Kostner of the United Team of Germany (now competing for West Germany).

The only time that Hungary had competed in the men's sabre event and not won the gold medal was 1900 (Hungarians placed fourth and fifth that Games). Hungary had not competed in the event in 1896 or 1904. Beginning in 1908, the Hungarians were unbeatable. Coming into the 1968 Games, Hungary had won 9 straight gold medals and 11 of the past 12—missing the gold medal only in 1920 when the nation was not invited to the Games following World War I. Pézsa, defending Olympic champion and 1967 world championship bronze medalist, was the nation's strongest hope of keeping that streak alive, but he faced stiff competition. Jerzy Pawłowski of Poland had taken the Olympic bronze medal in 1956, won the world championship in 1957, placed sixth at the 1960 Olympics, finished in the top 16 at the 1964 Olympics, won the world championship again in 1965 and 1966, and finished second in the world championship in 1967. Mark Rakita of the Soviet Union was the reigning world champion, winning over Pawłowski and Pézsa.[2]

West Germany, competing separately for the first time, made its debut in the men's sabre. Italy made its 14th appearance in the event, most of any nation, having missed the inaugural 1896 event and the 1904 St. Louis Games.

Competition formatEdit

The 1968 tournament continued to use a mix of pool play and knockout rounds, but with substantial changes from 1964. The first two rounds were round-robin pool play, followed by a knockout round, finishing with another pool for the final. Early-round barrages were eliminated and the knockout round was a modified double elimination round.[1][3]

  • Round 1: 6 pools, with 6 or 7 fencers in each pool. The top 4 fencers in each pool advanced, cutting the field from 40 to 24.
  • Round 2: 4 pools, with 6 fencers per pool. Again, the top 4 fencers advanced, reducing the number of remaining fencers from 24 to 16.
  • Knockout round: This was a modified double-elimination tournament. The 16 fencers were divided into 4 groups of 4. The winner of the "winners bracket" in each group advanced to the final pool. The winner of the "losers bracket" from each group faced the winner of a different group's "losers bracket," with the winner of that match advancing to the final pool as well. The knockout round winnowed the fencers from 16 to 6.
  • Final round: A final pool with the 6 remaining fencers determined the medals and 4th through 6th place. A barrage was used if necessary.

ScheduleEdit

All times are Central Standard Time (UTC-6)

Date Time Round
Wednesday, 16 October 1968 8:30
 
Round 1
Round 2
Thursday, 17 October 1968 Knockout rounds
Final

ResultsEdit

Round 1Edit

Round 1 Pool AEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes JP AM WK SP FD CO
1   Jerzy Pawłowski (POL) 5 0 25 13 Q 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
2   Alfonso Morales (USA) 4 1 24 14 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
3   Walter Köstner (FRG) 2 3 19 17 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0
4   Serge Panizza (FRA) 2 3 18 19 0–1 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0
5   Félix Delgado (CUB) 1 4 14 23 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0 0–1
6   Colm O'Brien (IRL) 1 4 10 24 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 644

Round 1 Pool BEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes UM CS MP VC RO AL JND
1   Umyar Mavlikhanov (URS) 5 1 29 15 Q 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
2   Cesare Salvadori (ITA) 5 1 28 18 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 0–1 1–0
3   Marcel Parent (FRA) 3 3 22 21 0–1 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0
4   Vicente Calderón (MEX) 3 3 20 22 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
5   Richard Oldcorn (GBR) 3 3 24 23 0–1 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0
6   Alberto Lanteri (ARG) 2 4 20 25 0–1 1–0 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0
7   José Narciso Díaz (CUB) 0 6 11 30 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 644

Round 1 Pool CEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes CA TP PW JN JA JB JCF
1   Claude Arabo (FRA) 6 0 30 9 Q 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
2   Tibor Pézsa (HUN) 5 1 26 12 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
3   Paul Wischeidt (FRG) 4 2 24 20 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
4   Józef Nowara (POL) 3 3 21 19 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
5   John Andru (CAN) 2 4 16 24 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0
6   Jan Boutmy (AHO) 1 5 15 29 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0
7   Juan Carlos Frecia (ARG) 0 6 11 30 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 644

Round 1 Pool DEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes MR WC AO SL RQ WF NTL
1   Mark Rakita (URS) 6 0 30 11 Q 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
2   Wladimiro Calarese (ITA) 5 1 29 15 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
3   Alex Orban (USA) 4 2 25 15 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
4   Sandy Leckie (GBR) 3 3 23 20 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
5   Román Quinos (ARG) 2 4 18 22 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0
6   William Fajardo (MEX) 1 5 10 25 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0
7   Nguyễn The Loc (VIE) 0 6 3 30 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 644

Round 1 Pool EEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes VN TK RC AK VD GC FF
1   Vladimir Nazlymov (URS) 6 0 30 14 Q 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
2   Tamás Kovács (HUN) 4 2 25 16 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 0–1 1–0
3   Rodney Craig (GBR) 3 3 23 21 0–1 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0
4   Anthony Keane (USA) 3 3 21 22 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
5   Volker Duschner (FRG) 3 3 20 25 0–1 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0
6   Gustavo Chapela (MEX) 2 4 20 25 0–1 1–0 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0
7   Fionbarr Farrell (IRL) 0 6 14 30 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 644

Round 1 Pool FEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes PB EO RR YB MO JBH
1   Péter Bakonyi (HUN) 4 1 24 9 Q 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
2   Emil Ochyra (POL) 4 1 23 15 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
3   Rolando Rigoli (ITA) 4 1 22 16 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
4   Yves Brasseur (BEL) 2 3 17 19 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0
5   Manuel Ortiz (CUB) 1 4 13 22 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0
6   John Bouchier-Hayes (IRL) 0 5 7 25 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 644

Round 2Edit

Round 2 Pool AEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes JP WC TK SP AO RC
1   Jerzy Pawłowski (POL) 4 1 24 14 Q 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
2   Wladimiro Calarese (ITA) 3 2 21 18 1–0 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0
3   Tamás Kovács (HUN) 3 2 18 19 0–1 1–0 1–0 0–1 1–0
4   Serge Panizza (FRA) 3 2 23 21 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0
5   Alex Orban (USA) 2 3 20 20 0–1 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0
6   Rodney Craig (GBR) 0 5 11 25 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 644

Round 2 Pool BEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes TP MR MP RR EO VC
1   Tibor Pézsa (HUN) 4 1 23 16 Q 1–0 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0
2   Mark Rakita (URS) 3 2 23 14 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
3   Marcel Parent (FRA) 3 2 23 16 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0
4   Rolando Rigoli (ITA) 3 2 19 18 1–0 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0
5   Emil Ochyra (POL) 2 3 15 19 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0
6   Vicente Calderón (MEX) 0 5 5 25 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 644

Round 2 Pool CEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes VN CA CS PW AK YB
1   Vladimir Nazlymov (URS) 5 0 25 14 Q 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
2   Claude Arabo (FRA) 3 2 21 15 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
3   Cesare Salvadori (ITA) 3 2 21 17 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0
4   Paul Wischeidt (FRG) 3 2 22 20 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
5   Anthony Keane (USA) 1 4 14 21 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0
6   Yves Brasseur (BEL) 0 5 9 25 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 644

Round 2 Pool DEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes PB AM UM JN WK SL
1   Péter Bakonyi (HUN) 4 1 22 15 Q 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
2   Alfonso Morales (USA) 3 2 21 14 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0
3   Umyar Mavlikhanov (URS) 3 2 20 16 1–0 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–0
4   Józef Nowara (POL) 2 3 19 17 0–1 1–0 0–1 0–1 1–0
5   Walter Köstner (FRG) 2 3 15 23 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 0–1
6   Sandy Leckie (GBR) 1 4 11 23 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 644

Double elimination roundsEdit

Winners bracketsEdit

Winners group 1Edit
Round of 16 Round of 8
  Vladimir Nazlymov (URS) W  
  Serge Panizza (FRA) L       Vladimir Nazlymov (HUN) W
  Alfonso Morales (USA) W       Alfonso Morales (USA) L
  Wladimiro Calarese (ITA) L  
Winners group 2Edit
Round of 16 Round of 8
  Tibor Pézsa (HUN) W  
  Paul Wischeidt (FRG) L       Tibor Pézsa (HUN) W
  Marcel Parent (FRA) L       Mark Rakita (URS) L
  Mark Rakita (URS) W  
Winners group 3Edit
Round of 16 Round of 8
  Claude Arabo (FRA) L  
  Józef Nowara (POL) W       Józef Nowara (POL) L
  Rolando Rigoli (ITA) W       Rolando Rigoli (ITA) W
  Péter Bakonyi (HUN) L  
Winners group 4Edit
Round of 16 Round of 8
  Umyar Mavlikhanov (URS) W  
  Cesare Salvadori (ITA) L       Umyar Mavlikhanov (URS) L
  Tamás Kovács (HUN) L       Jerzy Pawłowski (POL) W
  Jerzy Pawłowski (POL) W  

Losers bracketsEdit

Losers group 1Edit
Round of 4 Round of 4 Round of 2
  Serge Panizza (FRA) W  
  Wladimiro Calarese (ITA) L       Serge Panizza (FRA) W  
          Alfonso Morales (USA) L  
            Serge Panizza (FRA) L
  Paul Wischeidt (FRG) L         Mark Rakita (URS) W
  Marcel Parent (FRA) W       Marcel Parent (FRA) L
          Mark Rakita (URS) W    
     
Losers group 2Edit
Round of 4 Round of 4 Round of 2
  Claude Arabo (FRA) W  
  Péter Bakonyi (HUN) L       Claude Arabo (FRA) L  
          Józef Nowara (POL) W  
            Józef Nowara (POL) W
  Cesare Salvadori (ITA) L         Umyar Mavlikhanov (URS) L
  Tamás Kovács (HUN) W       Tamás Kovács (HUN) L
          Umyar Mavlikhanov (URS) W    
     

Final roundEdit

Pos Fencer W L TF TA Notes JP MR TP VN RR JN
1   Jerzy Pawłowski (POL) 4 1 22 18 B 1–0 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
1   Mark Rakita (URS) 4 1 24 16 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 1–0
    Tibor Pézsa (HUN) 3 2 20 16 1–0 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0
4   Vladimir Nazlymov (URS) 3 2 21 17 0–1 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–0
5   Rolando Rigoli (ITA) 1 4 11 21 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 1–0
6   Józef Nowara (POL) 0 5 15 25 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–1
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 645
Barrage
Pos Fencer W L TF TA JP MR
    Jerzy Pawłowski (POL) 1 0 5 4 5–4
    Mark Rakita (URS) 0 1 4 5 4–5
Source: Official Report, vol. 3, p. 645

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Fencing: 1968 Olympic Results - Men's sabre". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
  2. ^ "Sabre, Individual, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  3. ^ Official Report, pp. 637–39.