Felsőtárkány is a municipality in the Eger Subregion of Heves county, Hungary.

Felsőtárkány
Flag of Felsőtárkány
Flag
Coat of arms of Felsőtárkány
Coat of arms
Felsőtárkány is located in Hungary
Felsőtárkány
Felsőtárkány
Location of Felsőtárkány
Coordinates: 47°58′23″N 20°24′58″E / 47.973°N 20.416°E / 47.973; 20.416Coordinates: 47°58′23″N 20°24′58″E / 47.973°N 20.416°E / 47.973; 20.416
Country Hungary
CountyHeves
Area
 • Total77.32 km2 (29.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total3,509
 • Density44.67/km2 (115.7/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3324
Area code(s)36

GeographyEdit

The municipality lies in the Tárkány basin, at the foothills of the Bükk Mountains, on an area of 7734.6 hectares, 6 km northeast from Eger in Heves county.[1]

HistoryEdit

Middle agesEdit

The history of Felsőtárkány goes back to the 13th century with the first descriptive mention in the form of Oltarkan and Feltarlam in a document from 1261. During the 14th-15th century the settlement was made up of two parts, Alsó- and Felsőtárkány (Lower- and Upper-Tárkány)

Between 1330-1335, Carthusians monks settled in the monastery built in Felsőtárkány. During the Ottoman invasion the medieval Felsőtárkány was destroyed in 1526, and was never populated again. Alsótárkány was also destroyed in 1552, but it was repopulated in 1577.

In the middle Ages Feltarkan belonged to Eger bishopric according to the possession confirmation certificate from 1261. The medieval Felsőtárkány was situated around the castle garden, north form today's settlement. On this site, Miklós II, the bishop of Eger ordered the building of a monastery for the Carthusian monks, which was built between 1330 and 1350. During the Ottoman attacks the monastery was also destroyed with the settlement, and is in ruins since 1552.

Early modern timesEdit

Already as a "serf village" in 1694 the name was finally changed to Felsőtárkány. In 1750 Archbishop Barkóczy built the Castle Fourcontrasti, and a monastery for the Nazarenes. The remains of the monastery can be still seen on the north of the settlement. The population of Felsőtárkán was changing rapidly, from 862 in 1786 to 1440 in 1869.

Postwar eraEdit

On 10 December, 1944 the Second World War ended for the residents of the municipality.

In 1950, with the number of 17 members, the "Dózsa" agricultural cooperative was formed. The number of the members started to increased after 1960, and the territory of the cooperative reached the 1000 hectares. [2]

PoliticsEdit

Coat of armsEdit

Coat of Arms of Felsőtárkány is divided into four parts and framed with gold. On the left, there is brown head of stag symbolizing hunting and game-breeding on a blue basis. On the right, a special and rare wild flower can be seen, called Boldogasszony papucsa ( lady's-slipper orchid) with white background. In Hungary, this kind of orchid can be found here, solely. The bottom of the shield is also divided into two, white and blue parts with opposite-coloured waves. It represents Brook Tárkány and Brook Imókő, flowing through the village symbolically.[3] [4]

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Felsőtárkány is twinned with:

City State/Region Country
Dickenschied   Rhineland-Palatinate   Germany
Tărcaia   Bihor   Romania
Veľké Trakany   Košice Region   Slovakia
Malé Trakany   Košice Region   Slovakia
Mezőtárkány   Heves   Hungary
Tárkány   Komárom-Esztergom   Hungary

Economy and infrastructureEdit

Culture and sightseeingEdit

 
Felsőtárkány National Forest Railway
 
Felsőtárkány and its Catholic Church
  • Catholic Church Bűnbánó Szent Mária Magdolna (Penitent St Mary Magdalene)

The late Baroque style historic building, ordered by bishop Károly Eszterházy, was built between 1785-1790 by József Francz master mason from Eger. The altars by Giacomo and Giovanni Adami, were finished by 1793, while the statues were done by József Mozer stonemason.[5] The patron of the church is Penitent St Mary Magdalene.

SportEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Geography of Felsőtárkány". woodyka.hu.
  2. ^ "History of Felsőtárkány". felsotarkany.hu.
  3. ^ "The symbol of the town". flagspot.net.
  4. ^ "Felsőtárkány Crest". heraldika.hu.
  5. ^ "Bűnbánó Szent Mária Magdolna Templom". miserend.hu.

External linksEdit

Municipality's official webpage (in Hungarian)