Felixkirk

Felixkirk is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton District of North Yorkshire, England. The village is situated about three miles north-east of Thirsk. The population of the civil parish was estimated at 100 in 2014.[1]

Felixkirk
Village Street, Felixkirk - geograph.org.uk - 396335.jpg
Village Street, Felixkirk
Felixkirk is located in North Yorkshire
Felixkirk
Felixkirk
Location within North Yorkshire
Population100 
OS grid referenceSE468438
Civil parish
  • Felixkirk
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townThirsk
Postcode districtYO7
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°15′23″N 1°16′57″W / 54.2563°N 1.2825°W / 54.2563; -1.2825Coordinates: 54°15′23″N 1°16′57″W / 54.2563°N 1.2825°W / 54.2563; -1.2825

HistoryEdit

The village is named after the local church, which is dedicated to St Felix. St Felix, a Burgundian, travelled with St Paulinus converting the Saxons in England in the seventh century. It may have not been known by its current name at the time of the Norman invasion as it does not appear in this form in the Domesday Book of 1086. Instead it is known as Fridebi with the manor lands shared between Gamal, son of Kalri and Ligulf. The lands passing after the invasion to Hugh, son of Baldric, who made Gerard of Boltby, lord of the manor.[2]

There are competing etymologies for the old name of Fridebi. It is recorded in some texts as being the same as the old place name of Firby near Snape Castle in Bedale, and which means Peaceful Place from the Danish word for peace which is fred.[3] Alternatively it has been recorded as Freda's dwelling along the same naming convention for hamlets with Danish influences at that time. Freda as a personal name in Danish, would also mean Peace[4]

The nearby hill, Mount St John, was the location of a preceptory of the Order of St John of Jerusalem built in the 11th century. After the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the preceptory buildings were handed to the Archbishop of York. In 1720 the buildings were pulled down and a new manor house built. Still known as Mount St John, it is a grade II* listed building.[5]

GovernanceEdit

The village is within the Thirsk and Malton UK Parliament constituency. It lies within the Whitestonecliffe ward of Hambleton District Council and Thirsk electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council.[6]

The parish shares a grouped parish council, known as Hillside Parish Council, with the civil parishes of Boltby, Cowesby, Kirby Knowle and Upsall.[7]

GeographyEdit

The village is at an elevation of 433 feet (132 m) above sea level at its highest point. The nearest settlements are Thirlby 1.3 miles (2.1 km) to the east; Sutton-under-Whitestonecliffe 1.7 miles (2.7 km) to the south-east; Upsall 1.6 miles (2.6 km) to the north; Boltby 1.9 miles (3.1 km) to the north-east and Thirsk 2.71 miles (4.36 km) to the south-west.[6]

According to the 1881 UK Census, the population was 113.[5] The 2001 UK Census recorded the population as 104, of which 85 were over the age of sixteen. Of those, 56 were in employment. The village contains 45 dwellings of which 24 are detached properties.[8]

A bowl barrow at Howe Hill in the parish is a scheduled ancient monument. There are two Grade II* listed buildings (St Felix church and Mount St John) in the village and five Grade II listed structures.[9]

EducationEdit

 
Felixkirk, The Church of St Felix

Primary education is provided at nearby Thirsk Community, South Kilvington CE Primary and Knayton CE Primary Schools. These schools are within the catchment area of Thirsk School for secondary education.[10]

ReligionEdit

The village church is dedicated to St Felix and was substantially rebuilt in 1860 by William Hey Dykes, who is responsible for the unusual rounded apse. It is a grade II* listed building.[5][11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population Estimates". North Yorkshire County Council. 2014. Archived from the original on 13 January 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2017. In the 2011 census the population of Felixkirk was included with Upsall, Thornbrough and North Kilvington parishes and not counted separately.
  2. ^ Felixkirk in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
  3. ^ Buckrose, J.E. (1913). Rambles in the North Yorkshire Dales. Mill's & Boon Ltd. p. 127.
  4. ^ Johnston, Rev. James B. (1915). The Place-Names of England & Wales. John Murray, Albemarle St, London. p. 259.
  5. ^ a b c Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 699, 700. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
  6. ^ a b "Archived copy". Ordnance Survey Open Viewer. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Hillside Parish Council". Hambleton District Council. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  8. ^ "2001 UK Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
  9. ^ "Listed Buildings in Felixkirk". Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  10. ^ North Yorkshire County Council. "Education". Primary and Secondary School Admissions. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  11. ^ "Church Listing". Retrieved 9 December 2012.

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