Feira de Santana

Feira de Santana (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈfejɾɐ d(ʒi) sɐ̃ˈtɐ̃nɐ]; Portuguese for "Saint Anne's Fair") is a city in Bahia, Brazil. It is the second-most populous city in the state, with a population of 619,609 according to IBGE's estimate in 2020.[1] It is located 100 km northwest of Salvador, Bahia's capital city. These cities are connected by BR-324, a four-lane divided highway.

Feira de Santana
Municipality
The Municipality of Feira de Santana
In clockwise, starting top left: Buildings in the neighborhood Santa Monica, Senhor dos Passos Church, Building Icon Tower, Caixa d'agua Tomba, City Hall and Ponto Central neighborhood.
In clockwise, starting top left: Buildings in the neighborhood Santa Monica, Senhor dos Passos Church, Building Icon Tower, Caixa d'agua Tomba, City Hall and Ponto Central neighborhood.
Flag of Feira de Santana
Official seal of Feira de Santana
Localization of the city
Localization of the city
CountryBrazil
RegionNortheast
StateBahia
Government
 • MayorColbert Martins da Silva Filho (MDB)
Area
 • Total1,362.880 km2 (526.211 sq mi)
Elevation
286 m (938 ft)
Population
 (2020 est.[1])
 • Total819,609
 • Density600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−3 (BRT)
Postal Code
44000-000 to 44149-999
Area code(s)+55 75
Websitewww.feiradesantana.ba.gov.br

NameEdit

Feira de Santana, formerly spelled Feira de Santa Anna,[2] is named in honor of the cattle fairs[2] held at the St-Anne-of-the-Fountains Plantation (Fazenda Sant'Anna dos Olhos D’Água) in the 19th century.

HistoryEdit

 
Feira de Santana, 1963.

The St-Anne-of-the-Fountains Plantation was established in the 18th century by Domingos Barbosa de Araujo and his wife Anna Brandoa. Located at the edge of Bahia's "backcountry" (sertão), it became a center for the cowboys on their way from the pastures there to the port of Cachoeira. The cowboys' practice of starting annual fires to clear old brush eventually worsened the area's natural aridity to the point where the cattle industry collapsed,[2] but by then Brazilians and foreigners had begun adopting the area as their home. A city began to develop with wide streets which were bordered by commercial houses serving the area's growing population. It was incorporated as the second city in Bahia after the capital and the 31st in the entirety of colonial Brazil.

Today, Feira de Santana remains the second largest city in Bahia and an important stopping point for travelers.

CultureEdit

Feira de Santana is famous for its parties and festivals, particularly St Anne's Day (Senhora Sant'Ana) in the last week of July, which features activities such as bumba-meu-boi, segura-a-véia, and burrinha.[clarification needed] The Micareta carnival party is held 15 days after Passover; the Festival of Violeiros in September; and the donkey race in November. The city boasts of several interesting tourist destinations including a market for local artists, a museum of contemporary art, and the Antares Astronomical Observatory. The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Feira de Santana.

Historic structuresEdit

Feira de Santana is home to numerous historic structures, many designated as Brazilian federal or Bahian state monuments. The Historic Center as a whole lacks national or state protection.

Economy & TransportEdit

The city is served by Gov. João Durval Carneiro Airport. With a major junction of Northeastern Brazil's highways nearby, Feira de Santana functions as a crossroads for the traffic coming from the South and West-Central portions of Brazil bound for Salvador and other important cities of the northeast. Feira de Santana, thanks in part to its longstanding importance as a crossroads and its proximity to Salvador, is now an important and diverse commercial and industrial center.

EducationEdit

The Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana is located in the city.

SportEdit

There is a motorsport rallying club Trail Clube Bahia and have significant input into the Rally Bahia race.[4][5]

The city's main stadium is the Estádio Alberto Oliveira one of the main stadiums in the state of Bahia.[6] The city's second stadium is Estádio Jodilton Souza.

There are four football clubs: Bahia de Feira, Feirense EC, Fluminense de Feira and Associação Desportiva Comunitária Astro.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b IBGE 2020
  2. ^ a b c EB (1911).
  3. ^ "Feira de Santana". Sistema de Informações do Patrimônio Cultural da Bahia (SIPAC). Salvador, Bahia: Instituto do Patrimônio Artístico e Cultural da Bahia. 2021. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  4. ^ "Trail Clube de Feira de Santana terá equipe forte no 1º Rally Transbahia". Archived from the original on 2014-03-19. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
  5. ^ Transbahia – Equipe TCBA leva o primeiro título!
  6. ^ "Cópia arquivada". Archived from the original on 2014-03-19. Retrieved 2012-08-09.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 12°15′S 38°57′W / 12.250°S 38.950°W / -12.250; -38.950