The following events occurred in February 1958:
February 1, 1958 (Saturday)Edit
- Egypt and Syria unite to form the United Arab Republic.
- Domenico Modugno, paired with Johnny Dorelli, wins the 8. Sanremo Festival with Volare, composed by himself; Nilla Pizzi is runner up with L’edera. The resounding and unexpected Modugno's success makes a turnover for the Italian song, till then bound again to the traditional melodic formulas.
- Launch of Explorer 1, the first NASA satellite.
- In Nepal, king Malendra announces free elections and the establishment of a democratic constitution.
February 2, 1958 (Sunday)Edit
February 3, 1958 (Monday)Edit
February 4, 1958 (Tuesday)Edit
- Dead: Filippo Andrea VI Doria Pamphili, 71, former Rome's Mayor
February 5, 1958 (Wednesday)Edit
- Gamal Abdel Nasser is nominated as the first president of the United Arab Republic.
- The Tybee Bomb, a 7,600 pound (3,500 kg) Mark 15 hydrogen bomb, is lost in the waters off Savannah, Georgia
- In Cape Canaveral, the launching of a second American satellite by the US Navy fails; after sixty seconds, the rocket Vanguard goes off course and has to be destroyed.
- On France, the parliament votes a framework-law about Algeria, establishing single electoral districts for Frenchmen and Muslims and reaffirming the Algeria's belonging to the French republic. The same evening, a time bomb of unknown origin explodes, without causing victims, in the Palais Bourbon's toilets; the attack is probably the work of far right militants.
- Born: Fabrizio Frizzi, in Rome, Italian TV presenter (+2018)
February 6, 1958 (Thursday)Edit
- Seven Manchester United footballers are among the 21 people killed in the Munich air disaster in West Germany, on the return flight from a European Cup game in Yugoslavia. 23 people survive, but four of them, including manager Matt Busby and players Johnny Berry and Duncan Edwards, are in a serious condition. Busby and Berry would pull through although Berry would never play again. Edwards died fortnight later
- Institution of the first American space agency, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
- Born: Michel Houellebecq, in Saint-Pierre, French writer ; Giuseppe Baresi, in Travagliato, Italian football player.
- Dead: Charles Langbridge Morgan, 64, English Writer
February 7, 1858 (Friday)Edit
February 8, SaturdayEdit
- Syndical congress in Abidjan. The CASL-FO (African confederation of free syndicate) is constituted.
- As a reprisal to the FLN attacks coming from Tunisian territory, French aviation bombs (without a government's order) the Sakiet Sidi Youssef village, killing 69 persons (21 children). Tunisian government protests and asks for the evacuation of the French bases.
- Born: Marina Silva, in Rio Branco, Brazilian environmentalist and politician.
February 9, 1958 (Sunday)Edit
February 10, 1958 (Monday)Edit
February 11, 1958 (Tuesday)Edit
- The strongest ever known solar maximum is recorded.
- Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Zhou Enlai as Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs.
- Ruth Carol Taylor is the first African American woman hired as a flight attendant. Hired by Mohawk Airlines, her career lasts only six months, due to another discriminatory barrier – the airline's ban on married flight attendants.
- In China, the National People's congress establishes the rules for the pinyin's use.
February 12, 1958 (Wednesday )Edit
- Dead: Marcel Cachin, 88, French Communist politician
February 13, 1958 (Thursday)Edit
February 14, 1958 (Friday)Edit
- In Gessolungo (Caltanissetta) 8 persons die and 60 are wounded for an explosion in a sulfur mine.
- The Hashemite Kingdoms of Iraq and Jordan unite in the Arab Federation with King Faisal II of Iraq as head of state.
- In Senegal, a three weeks strike by the postal clerks begins.
- In Adelaide, institutive congress of the Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders.
- The Polish government makes public the Rapacki plan (already presented to the United Nations by the Minister of Exteriors Adam Rapacki October 2, 1957) for the disarmament in Europe; it contemplates the creation of a no-nuclear zone in Centrale Europe (the two Germanys, Poland, Czechoslovakia) and a non-aggression pact between OTAN and Warsaw Pact. Eight states of the Warsaw Pact adhere to the plan, that is refused by the Western nations.
February 15, 1958 (Saturday)Edit
- In San Antonio, Donald Farrel ends his simulation of a space fly. He is tired and slimmer, but in good health and declares to have suffered just from boredom and lack of cigarettes.
- In Padang (Sumatra) the PRRRI (Pemerintah Revolusioner Republik Indonesia, Revolutionary Government of the Indonesia Republic) is proclaimed by a coalition of militaries and Islamists. The uprising, sustained by USA, is quickly repressed by the Indonesian government, but the guerrilla goes on till 1961.
February 16, 1958 (Sunday)Edit
February 17, 1958 (Monday)Edit
February 18, 1958 (Tuesday)Edit
- The Egyptian president Nasser asks Sudan for the whole territory north of the 22nd parallel, offering in exchange a more Southern little zone. In Uadi Halfa, chief town of the contended land, an Egyptian military unit and an electoral commission are sent, in view of the plebiscite for the UAR. The Sudan foreign minister Mahghoub rejects the Egyptian claim.
February 19, 1958 (Wednesday)Edit
February 20, 1958 (Thursday)Edit
February 21, 1958 (Friday)Edit
- On Italy, Senate, notwithstanding some incidents caused by the MSI senators, approves the law about the legal recognition of the Corpo Volontari della Libertà (Freedom's Volunteers Corp), giving to the Italian partisans the title of fighting soldiers.
- A peace symbol is designed and completed by Gerald Holtom, commissioned by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment.
- In Syria and Egypt, a referendum approves the UAR, with the 99,98% of votes; Nasser is elected president of the new state.
- Born: Salvatore Cuffaro, in Raffadali, governor of Sicilia
February 22, SaturdayEdit
February 23, 1958 (Sunday)Edit
February 24, 1958 (Monday)Edit
February 25, 1958 (Tuesday)Edit
- Bertrand Russell launches the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
- The Gaza strip is provided with a chart creating mixed Egyptian-Palestinian organisms. Nasser, in controversy with the Arab Higher Committee, proposes the constitution in Gaza of a Palestinian state associated to RAU.
- The Egyptian troops, penetrated beyond the Sudan border for 130 kilometers, till the Abu Hamad city, move away from the occupied territory. The Ethiopian imperator Haile Selassiè offers his mediation between the two states.
February 26, 1958 (Wednesday)Edit
February 27, 1958 (Thursday)Edit
- On Italy, the reintroduction of a State examination for the graduates causes hard agitations in the universities. The former Prime Minister Antonio Segni, while he gives a lesson at the Rome University, is violently contested by the students.
- In Milan, seven robbers, wearing blue coveralls, stop in via Osoppo the Banca Popolare di Milano's van and steal, without firing a shot, 100 million liras cash and 600 ones in negotiable instruments. The hold-up, for its perfect organization and the amount of the loot, gets great emphasis on the Italian press. The most of the gang is arrested on April 1st.
- In France, the mandatory insurance for the cars is instituted.
- Dead : Harry Cohn, 64, American producer.
February 28, 1958 (Friday)Edit
- "I fatti e le notizie dell'anno 1958".
- "1958", Wikipédia (in French), 2019-03-03, retrieved 2019-04-04
- "Bulganin propone nove argomenti, per una conferenza tra capi di governo". La Stampa. February 4, 1958. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
- "Il Vanguard fatto esplodere dopo sessanta secondi di volo". La Stampa. February 6, 1958. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
- "1958 en France", Wikipédia (in French), 2018-11-23, retrieved 2019-04-04
- "L'énigmatique attentat des toilettes du Palais Bourbon en 1958". enenvor.fr. Retrieved 2019-04-04.
- Enzo Forcella (February 8, 1958). "Il PCI negli ultimi due anni ha perduto duecentomila iscritti". La Stampa. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
- "1958 au Canada", Wikipédia (in French), 2016-10-24, retrieved 2019-04-04
- "La rapina di via Osoppo, 60 anni fa". Il Post (in Italian). 2018-02-27. Retrieved 2019-04-04.