Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry

  (Redirected from Fazlul Quader Chowdhury)

Fazlul Quader Chowdhury (1919–1973) was a Bengali politician who served as the 5th speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan from East Pakistan. He belonged to Ayub Khan's Convention Muslim League. He was also the Acting President of Pakistan from time to time when Ayub Khan left the country. His elder brother Fazlul Kabir Chowdhury was the leader of the opposition in East Pakistan assembly. Quader was preceded by Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan of Awami League.

Fazlul Quader Ch‍owdhury
Fazlul Quader Chowdhury.jpg
Fazlul Quader Chowdhury
Acting President of Pakistan
In office
29 November 1963 – 12 June 1965
DeputyAyub Khan (general)
Preceded byAyub Khan (general)
Succeeded byAyub Khan (general)
Personal details
Born(1919-03-26)26 March 1919
Gohira, Raozan Upazila, Chittagong District, Bengal Presidency, British India, (Now  Bangladesh)
Died17 July 1973(1973-07-17) (aged 54)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nationality Pakistan
Political partyMuslim League (Before 1962)
Convention Muslim League (1962–1969)
Alma materCalcutta Presidency College
Calcutta University Law College
Known forTraitor of Bangladesh

Early lifeEdit

Chaudhury was born on 26 March 1919 at Gahira village in Chittagong District. He graduated from Calcutta Presidency College and earned B.L degree from Calcutta University Law College. In 1941 he was elected general secretary of All India Muslim Student Federation. He joined the Muslim League and was elected the secretary of Chittagong district unit of the party in 1943.[1]


In 1947, Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry supported the United Bengal pact of Sarat Bose and Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, but when Suhrawardy agreed to form Pakistan, he failed from presenting the matter to Muhammad Ali Jinnah.[2]

Chaudhury was elected member of the Pakistan National Assembly in 1962. In Ayub Khan's cabinet he served in the Ministry of Agriculture and Works, the Ministry of Education and Information and the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare. He played an important role in floating the Convention Muslim League (1962) and was elected a member of the central committee of the party.[1]

He facilitated the foundation of University of Chittagong,[3] Chittagong University of Engineering & Technology, Chittagong Medical College, Chittagong Marine Academy, Chittagong Marine Fisheries and the Polytechnic Institute.[1]

Arrest and deathEdit

In 1973, after the independence of Bangladesh (former East Pakistan), he was jailed in Bangladesh for war crimes as collaborator of Pakistan Army during 1971. He died in Dhaka Central Jail on 17 July 1973.[4]


Chaudhury's elder son Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury was a politician. He was elected member of the Bangladeshi Parliament six times. In October 2015, Supreme Court of Bangladesh upheld the death sentence awarded by international crime tribunal for the alleged crime committed by Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury during the Liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971. The death sentence was executed on early hours of 22 November 2015 inside Dhaka Central Jail.[5]


  1. ^ a b c Muazzam Hussain Khan. "Chaudhury, Fazlul Quader". Banglapedia. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  2. ^ Mukhopadhay, Keshob. "An interview with prof. Ahmed sharif". News from Bangladesh. Daily News Monitoring Service. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. ^ Azim, Fayezul. "University of Chittagong". Banglapedia. Bangladesh Asiatic Society. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Tread Warily To The Dream". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. 6 February 2010.
  5. ^ "SQ Chy now booked for war crimes". The Daily Star. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
Political offices
Preceded by
Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan
Speaker of the National Assembly
Succeeded by
Abdul Jabbar Khan