Fayetteville (/ˈf(j)ətvɪl/ FAY-(y)ət-vil) is a city in and the county seat of Fayette County, Georgia, United States.[4] As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 18,957,[5] up from 15,945 at the 2010 census. Fayetteville is located 22 miles (35 km) south of downtown Atlanta.[6]

Fayetteville, Georgia
Fayette County Courthouse
Fayette County Courthouse
"No limits on imagination"
Location in Fayette County and the state of Georgia
Location in Fayette County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°26′52″N 84°27′42″W / 33.44778°N 84.46167°W / 33.44778; -84.46167
CountryUnited States
EstablishedMarch 28, 1822
Incorporated (town)1823
Incorporated (city)1888
 • TypeCouncil/Manager
 • MayorEd Johnson
 • City ManagerRay Gibson
 • Total13.18 sq mi (34.14 km2)
 • Land12.96 sq mi (33.58 km2)
 • Water0.22 sq mi (0.56 km2)
1,030 ft (313.9 m)
 • Total18,957
 • Density1,462.28/sq mi (564.60/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s)770 404, 678
FIPS code13-28968[2]
GNIS feature ID0314089[3]

History edit

Fayetteville was founded in 1822 as the seat of the newly formed Fayette County, organized by European Americans from territory ceded by force the Creek people under a treaty with the United States during the early period of Indian removal from the Southeast[citation needed]. Both city and county were named in honor of the Revolutionary War hero the French Marquis de Lafayette.[7] Fayetteville was incorporated as a town in 1823 and as a city in 1902.[8]

The area was developed for cotton plantations, with labor provided by enslaved African Americans, who for more than a century comprised the majority of the county's population. Fayetteville became the trading town for the agricultural area.

In the first half of the 20th century, as agriculture became more mechanized, many African-American workers left the area in the Great Migration to northern and midwestern industrial cities, which had more jobs and offered less oppressive social conditions.

A reverse migration has brought new residents to the South[citation needed], and the city of Fayetteville has grown markedly since 1980, as has the county. The city's population increased from 2715 in 1980 to 18,957 in 2020.[9]

Demographics edit

Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2020 census edit

Fayetteville racial composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 7,342 38.5%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 8,481 44.06%
Native American 52 0.15%
Asian 1,154 6.06%
Pacific Islander 6 0.01%
Other/mixed 614 5.12%
Hispanic or Latino 1,339 7.06%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 18,957 people, 6,833 households, and 4,833 families residing in the city.

2010 census edit

As of the 2010 census,[12] there were 15,945 people, 6,006 households, and 4,264 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 55.0% White, 33.9% African American, 0.4% Native American, 6.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.3% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 4.8% of the population.

Out of the 6,006 households, 39.7% had individuals under the age of 18. 51.8% of households were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59, and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city, the age distribution was 26.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 9.1% from 25 to 34, 15.4% from 35 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 54, 11.4% from 55 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. The population was 54.4% female and 45.6% male.

As of the most recent community survey, the median income for a household in the city was $62,037 and the median income for a family was $81,613. About 6.5% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government edit

The city has a mayor-council form of elected government. Five council members are elected at-large, in non-partisan post, and the mayor is elected at-large in a non-partisan race.[13]

In 2015 Ed Johnson was elected mayor, the first African American to serve in the position. The retired US Naval Commander and pastor of Fayette County's oldest black church is described as a consensus builder. In 2011 Johnson was elected as the first black member of the city council after having served three terms as president of the local chapter of the NAACP.[13][14]

Johnson was re-elected in 2019.[15]

Education edit

The city is served by the Fayette County Board of Education.[16]

In 2016, a soundstage at Pinewood Studios was open for educational use by the Georgia Film Academy. In late 2020, the Georgia Film Academy partnered with Trilith and the University of Georgia to launch its Master of Fine Arts film program; students would work and live in Trilith during their second year. Trilith also has a small K-12 school called the Forest School.

Georgia Military College has a campus in Fayetteville.

Points of interest edit

Located in Fayetteville, Trilith Studios is the largest production facility in the state of Georgia.

The Fayette County Courthouse, built in 1825 four years after the county and town's founding, is the oldest surviving courthouse in Georgia. It is located in the center of the Fayetteville town square. Since the construction of a new courthouse, the 1825 building has been adapted for use as the local welcome center. It holds offices for Fayetteville Main Street and the Fayette County Development Authority.

The Holliday-Dorsey-Fife House was built in 1855 by John Stiles Holliday, uncle of the western gambler John Henry "Doc" Holliday.

The Margaret Mitchell Library, built in 1948 and named in honor of the author, serves as the headquarters of the Fayette County Historical Society. Among its holdings are Civil War and genealogical records.

The residence formally occupied by deceased professional wrestler Chris Benoit and his nuclear family until June 2007, within which a high-profile double-murder and suicide tragedy occurred, is located in Fayetteville.

Trilith Studios, then Pinewood Atlanta Studios, opened here in 2014; it was a joint venture between British company Pinewood Group and River's Rock LLC, an independently managed trust of the Cathy family, founders of the Chick-fil-A fast-food chain. In 2020 River Rock bought out Pinewood's share of the studio.[17] It is the largest film and television production studio in the United States outside the state of California. The studio has produced many large budget films, including several in the Marvel Cinematic Universe such as Avengers: Infinity War, Avengers: Endgame, and Black Panther.[18]

In 2016, the Pinewood Forest mixed-use complex was launched. Located across the street from the studio, it features homes along with plans for "a movie theater, restaurants, boutique hotels, retail and office space", built using environmentally friendly building materials. In 2020, when the studio was renamed Trilith Studios, Pinewood Forest was renamed the Town at Trilith. In April 2021, Atlanta magazine ranked the community ninth in their top ten metro Atlanta vibrant city centers list; the community was also the newest featured on the list.

Notable people edit

References edit

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "About Fayette County". Fayette County Administration. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  5. ^ "Fayetteville (City) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Archived from the original on May 5, 2012. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
  6. ^ "Fayetteville, Georgia (GA 30214, 30215) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  7. ^ Luckett, Robert. "Fayetteville". New Georgia Encyclopedia. University of Georgia Press. Retrieved December 7, 2022.
  8. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 229. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  12. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  13. ^ a b Tammy Joyner, "Fayetteville’s first black mayor is ‘bridge builder’", Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 7 November 2015; accessed 13 December 2016
  14. ^ Timothy Pratt, "New black mayors make a difference, one Georgia town at a time", Al-jazeera (US), 16 February 2016; accessed 12 December 2016
  15. ^ Cunningham, Carolyn. "Fayetteville Mayor Ed Johnson wins top state award". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved August 18, 2022.
  16. ^ Fayette County Board of Education
  17. ^ Goldsmith, Jill (October 7, 2020). "Pinewood Atlanta Rebrands As 'Trilith', Completes Separation From UK, Expands Studio & Adjacent Planned Community". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  18. ^ Hensley, Ellie (October 14, 2016). "Pinewood Atlanta Studios to become largest studio complex in U.S. outside of L.A." Biz Journals.

External links edit