Eunice Fay McKenzie (February 19, 1918 – April 16, 2019), better known professionally as Fay McKenzie and briefly billed as Fay Shannon, was an American actress and singer. She starred in silent films as a child, and then sound films as an adult, but perhaps she is best known for her leading roles opposite Gene Autry in the early 1940s in five horse opera features. She was also known for her collaborations with director Blake Edwards on five occasions. She also appeared on Broadway, radio and television, having appeared on screen at ten weeks old in 1918. She was still appearing on screen at the time of her death, with her latest project opposite her son Tom Waldman Jr. in the comedy Kill a Better Mousetrap, based on a play by Scott K. Ratner, filmed in the summer of 2018 and not yet released at the time of her death.
Fay McKenzie, in a publicity photo c. 1940s
Eunice Fay McKenzie
February 19, 1918
|Died||April 16, 2019 (aged 101)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Other names||Fay Shannon|
Steve Cochran (m. 1946–1948)
(m. 1948; died 1985)
Early life and silent filmEdit
McKenzie was born on February 19, 1918, in Hollywood, California, to show business parents, film actor Eva (née Heazlitt) and Irish American actor/director Robert McKenzie. Her father had a stock company called the McKenzie Merry Makers, and was both an actor and director in stage productions and films. His company included such actors as Broncho Billy Anderson, Ben Turpin, and Victor Potel. When she was ten weeks old, she appeared in an uncredited part in the film Station Content (1918) as Kitty's baby (played by Gloria Swanson). She appeared in four other silent films as a child: A Knight of the West (1921) as Fray Murten, When Love Comes (1922) as Ruth, The Judgment of the Storm (1924) as a Heath Twin, and The Dramatic Life of Abraham Lincoln (1924) as a young Sarah Lincoln (Abraham Lincolns stepmother). Fay's sisters Ida Mae McKenzie and Ella McKenzie, and her brother-in-law Billy Gilbert, were also actors. Ida Mae also played the character of Sarah Lincoln in The Dramatic Life of Abraham Lincoln, in the part of the film where she had become a teenager.
In the mid-1920s, McKenzie took a ten-year break from acting in order to focus on her education. She attended the Beverly Hills High School. She returned to films in 1934 in Student Tour as Mary Lou. That year she made her first short Western film, Sundown Trail, with wally Wales. McKenzie later recalled,
Oh my gosh, my first grown up role. My father took me. He knew everybody, and I got the job. Even though I was only 15 years old! We shot that in three days, and there was no script. They'd all ride one way and say this, then they'd all ride the other way and say that. It was very improvisational, but a great event in my life.
McKenzie appeared in numerous uncredited roles throughout the 1930s, with occasional credited roles in films such as The Boss Cowboy (1934) as Sally Nolan, and the anti-cannabis propaganda film Assassin of Youth (1937) as Linda Clayton. In 1938, she began to appear mainly in Western films, such as Ghost Town Riders (1938) as Molly Taylor (credited as Fay Shannon), and When the Daltons Rode (1940) as Hannah. She had a small part in the 1939 film Gunga Din, which was inducted by the United States Library of Congress for preservation in the National Film Registry in 1999 with the motivation of being "culturally significant". In 1940, McKenzie appeared in the stage show Meet the People, which premiered in Los Angeles and ended up on Broadway.
Films with Gene AutryEdit
In 1941, the president of Republic Pictures, Herbert Yates, met McKenzie through a mutual friend, and after a screen test he signed her to a contract to appear opposite the cowboy singer Gene Autry in Down Mexico Way (1941) as Maria Elena Alvarado. The film was a major financial success, and she received a lot of fan mail as a result. McKenzie went on to appear in four additional Autry films as his leading lady: Sierra Sue (1941) as Sue Larrabee, Cowboy Serenade (1942) as Stephanie Lock, Heart of the Rio Grande (1942) as Alice Bennett, and Home in Wyomin' (1942) as Clementine Benson. McKenzie sang duets with Autry in each of these films. She later remembered:
I loved working with Gene, he was terrific! I could sing and that was something the earlier girls couldn't do. Yates knew I had done Broadway; that helped! I could do more than smile and wave at the cowboy!
Theatre and touringEdit
During World War II, McKenzie left Republic Pictures to work in theater and pursue other projects. She appeared in A Midsummer Night's Dream and later appeared in Broadway in Burlesque with Bert Lahr. Much of her time during the war was devoted to shows and public appearances to support the war effort—working for the Hollywood Victory Committee. McKenzie also toured extensively entertaining the troops alongside Bob Hope, Bing Crosby, Cary Grant, James Cagney, and old family friends Laurel and Hardy. She also entertained the troops with her former screen partner, Gene Autry.
After the war, McKenzie retired from films to raise her two children. In the 1950s, she traveled to New York to study with Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio, appeared on radio shows with Groucho Marx, and toured with the songwriter Harry Ruby. She appeared in the television series The Millionaire (1959) as Ruth Spencer and Mr. Lucky (1960) as Sheila Wells, and Bonanza (1961) as Victoria Gates. In the 1960s, McKenzie returned to film in Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961) in a minor role and The Party (1968) as Alice Clutterbuck. She made her final screen appearance in S.O.B. (1981) as a favor to her old family friend Blake Edwards. In 2018, McKenzie had a cameo appearance in the film "Kill A Better Mousetrap," which resulted in her film appearances spanning 100 years.
McKenzie was married twice. Her first marriage to the American actor Steve Cochran in Acapulco, Mexico, in January 1946, ended in divorce in 1948, although they had separated nine months into the marriage. Her parents' disapproval of him was cited as one of the reasons. Her second marriage to the screenwriter Tom Waldman lasted from 1948 to his death on July 23, 1985. They had two children: the actor Tom Waldman Jr. and the writer Madora McKenzie. McKenzie was a Christian Scientist. Her brother-in-law was the actor and comedian Billy Gilbert
|1918||Station Content||Baby in Arms (uncredited)|
|1921||A Knight of the West||Fray Murten|
|1922||When Love Comes||Ruth|
|1924||The Judgment of the Storm||Heath Twin|
|The Dramatic Life of Abraham Lincoln||Sarah Lincoln|
|1934||The Boss Cowboy||Sally Nolan|
|Ferocious Pal||Girl at Dog Fight|
|Sundown Trail||Mickey Moore|
|Student Tour||Mary Lou|
|1935||Arizona Bad Man||Girl at Barn Dance|
|Lawless Riders||Girl in Candy Kisses Booth|
|1936||Lucky Terror||Young Girl Spectator|
|Ride 'Em Cowboy||Stamp Buyer|
|1937||Assassin of Youth||Linda Clayton|
|Tex Rides with the Boy Scouts||Girl at the Dance|
|1938||Swingtime in the Movies||Girl from Dallas|
|Ghost Town Riders||Molly Taylor|
|1939||Gunga Din||Girl at Party|
|Man of Conquest||Young Lady|
|It's a Wonderful World||Guest|
|Unexpected Father||Chorus Girl|
|What a Life||Student in Lunchroom|
|Laugh It Off||Chorus Girl|
|Death Rides the Range||Letty Morgan|
|All Women Have Secrets||Martha|
|The Big Guy||Waitress|
|1940||Ma, He's Making Eyes at Me||Brooklyn Girl|
|It's a Date||Young Girl|
|Mad Youth||Escort Girl|
|Love, Honor, and Oh Baby!||Waitress|
|When the Daltons Rode||Hannah|
|1941||Dr. Kildare's Wedding Day||Nurse|
|Down Mexico Way||Maria Elena Alvarado|
|Sierra Sue||Sue Larrabee|
|1942||Cowboy Serenade||Stephanie Lock|
|Heart of the Rio Grande||Alice Bennett|
|Home in Wyomin'||Clementine Benson|
|Remember Pearl Harbor||Marcia Porter|
|1944||The Singing Sheriff||Caroline|
|1946||Murder in the Music Hall||Singer in Mom's Café|
|Night and Day||Singer|
|1961||Breakfast at Tiffany's||Party Guest Laughing in Mirror|
|1962||Experiment in Terror||Hospital Superintendent (uncredited)|
|1968||The Party||Alice Clutterbuck|
|1981||S.O.B.||Woman on the Beach|
|2018||Kill a Better Mousetrap|
- Sam Roberts (April 24, 2019). "Fay McKenzie Dies at 101, Almost the Length of Her Screen Career". New York Times.
- Buchanan, Jason. "Fay Mckenzie". AllMovie. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Mike Fitzgerald, "An Interview with ... Fay McKenzie", Western Clippings.
- "Press Agents Say". The Miami News. February 7, 1924. p. 10. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Play Pointers". Oakland Tribune. April 22, 1923. p. 55. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Movie Firm Signs 'Miss Hollywood'". Detroit Free Press. April 30, 1940. p. 17. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "College Story". The Honolulu Advertiser. November 13, 1934. p. 9. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Marihuana Film". The Des Moines Register. August 28, 1938. p. 28. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Star Dust". Snyder County Tribune. October 27, 1938. p. 7. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Bride Bows Out Before Second Vows". Des Moines Tribune. October 2, 1946. p. 10. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Practitioner to Lecture on Coast". Ukiah Daily Journal. March 29, 1985. p. 7. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- Barnes, Mike (April 23, 2019). "Fay McKenzie, Gene Autry's Co-Star in 5 Movie Westerns, Dies at 101". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 23, 2019.