Favosites is an extinct genus of tabulate coral characterized by polygonal closely packed corallites (giving it the common name "honeycomb coral").[1] The walls between corallites are pierced by pores known as mural pores which allowed transfer of nutrients between polyps. Favosites, like many corals, thrived in warm sunlit seas, feeding by filtering microscopic plankton with their stinging tentacles and often forming part of reef complexes.[2] The genus had a worldwide distribution from the Late Ordovician to Late Permian.[3]

Temporal range: Late Ordovician-Late Permian
~452–265 Ma
Favosites sp. from the Upper Ordovician of southern Indiana
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Subclass: Tabulata
Family: Favositidae
Genus: Favosites
Lamarck 1816
Type species
F. gothlandicus

See text

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More polished Favosites fossil.

Distribution Edit

Favosites had a vast distribution, and its fossils can be found on every continent (except Antarctica).[3]

Species Edit

The following species of Favosites have been described:[3]

  • F. abnormis
  • F. adaverensis
  • F. afghanicus
  • F. antiquus
  • F. bowerbanki
  • F. burkhanensis
  • F. desolatus
  • F. exilis
  • F. fallax
  • F. favosiformis
  • F. favosus
  • F. fusiforme
  • F. goldfussi (Lecompte, 1939), from the Emsian, Eifelian and Givetian of the Holy Cross Mountains,[4][5] is known to be parasitized by Chaetosalpinx.[5]
  • F. gothlandicus
  • F. hisingeri
  • F. ingens
  • F. intricatus
  • F. issensis
  • F. jaaniensis
  • F. kalevi
  • F. lichenarioides
  • F. mirandus
  • F. multicarinatus
  • F. oculiporoides
  • F. permica
  • F. petropolitana
  • F. praemaximus
  • F. privatus
  • F. serratus
  • F. sphaericus (Počta, 1902) from the lower Blue Fiord and Disappointment Bay formations of Devonian Canada.[6]
  • F. subfavosus
  • F. subforbesi

Gallery Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Boardman, R.S. (1987). Fossil Invertebrates. Blackwell. p. 714.
  2. ^ Feldman, R.M.; Hackathorn (1996). Fossils of Ohio. Ohio Division of Geological Survey Bulletin 70. p. 577.
  3. ^ a b c Favosites at Fossilworks.org
  4. ^ Zapalski, Mikołaj K.; Król, Jan J.; Halamski, Adam T.; Wrzołek, Tomasz; Rakociński, Michał; Baird, Andrew H. (2022-01-01). "Coralliths of tabulate corals from the Devonian of the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland)". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 585: 110745. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2021.110745. ISSN 0031-0182. S2CID 243474351.
  5. ^ a b Zapalski, M. K. (2009-01-01). "Parasites in Emsian–Eifelian Favosites (Anthozoa, Tabulata) from the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland): changes of distribution within colony". Geological Society, London, Special Publications. 314: 125–129. doi:10.1144/SP314.6. S2CID 85878146.
  6. ^ Prosh, Eric (1989-01-01). "A Lower Devonian Reef Sequence And Fauna, Disappointment Bay Formation, Canadian Arctic Islands". Digitized Theses.