Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge

The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge ("Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror Bridge"; Turkish: Fatih Sultan Mehmet Köprüsü, abbreviated as F.S.M. Köprüsü), also known as the Second Bosphorus Bridge (İkinci Köprü), is a bridge in Istanbul, Turkey spanning the Bosphorus strait (Turkish: Boğaziçi). When completed in 1988, it was the 5th-longest suspension bridge span in the world.

Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge

Fatih Sultan Mehmet Köprüsü
Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, connecting Europe and Asia
Coordinates41°05′29″N 29°03′43″E / 41.0913°N 29.062°E / 41.0913; 29.062
Carries8 lanes of O-2 (a part of the Trans-European Motorways)
CrossesBosphorus strait
Official nameFatih Sultan Mehmet Köprüsü
Other name(s)Second Bosphorus Bridge
Maintained byTurkish State Highways
Preceded byYavuz Sultan Selim Bridge
Followed byBosphorus Bridge
DesignSuspension bridge
Total length1,510 m (4,950 ft)
Width39 m (128 ft)
Height105 m (344 ft)
Longest span1,090 m (3,580 ft)
Clearance above64 m (210 ft)
DesignerBOTEK Bosphorus Technical Consulting Corp. Freeman Fox & Partners
Construction start1986
Construction endJuly 3, 1988

The bridge is named after the 15th-century Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, who conquered the Byzantine capital, Constantinople (Istanbul), in 1453. It carries the European route E80, Asian Highway 1, Asian Highway 5 and Otoyol 2 highways. There are three other bridges that connect Europe and Asia located in Turkey which are named Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, 15 July Martyrs Bridge (formerly known as Bosphorus Bridge) and 1915 Çanakkale Bridge.

Location edit

The bridge is situated between İstanbul Hisarüstü (European side) and Kavacık (Asian side). It is a gravity-anchored suspension bridge with steel pylons and vertical hangers. The aerodynamic deck hangs on double vertical steel cables. It is 1,510 m long with a deck width of 39 m. The distance between the towers (main span) is 1,090 m and their height over road level is 105 m. The clearance of the bridge from sea level is 64 m.

Construction edit

The bridge was designed by Freeman Fox & Partners and BOTEK Bosphorus Technical Consulting Corp.,[1] who had previously designed the Bosphorus Bridge. An international consortium of three Japanese companies (including IHI Corporation and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries), one Italian (Impregilo) and one Turkish company (STFA) carried out the construction works. The bridge was completed on July 3, 1988 and opened by Prime Minister Turgut Özal, who drove his official car, becoming the first to cross. The cost of the bridge amounted to US$130 million.

Transportation edit

The bridge is on the Trans-European Motorway between Edirne and Ankara. The highway bridge has four lanes for vehicular traffic plus one emergency lane in each direction. On weekday mornings, commuter traffic flows mostly westbound to the European part, so five of the eight lanes run westbound and only three eastbound. Conversely, on weekday evenings, five lanes are dedicated to eastbound traffic and three lanes, to westbound traffic. Pedestrians are not allowed to use the bridge. Currently, around 150,000 vehicles pass daily in both directions; almost 70% are automobiles.

Toll collection edit

Fatih Sultan Mehmet[2] is a toll bridge, but payment is required only from vehicles travelling to Asia (as in the First Bosphorus Bridge, no payment is required while passing from Asia to Europe.) Since April 2008, cash payments are no longer accepted, having been replaced by a remote payment system. In addition to OGS, the contactless smart sticker HGS system is in use.

An OGS device or HGS sticker can be obtained at various stations before the toll plaza of highways and bridges.[3]

Since late 2019 the toll is 10.50 TRY[4] (currently about 1.40 USD).

The tolls for Istanbul bridges increase every 20 months or so by tens of percent to keep up with high inflation.[4]

Panoramic view of the Bosphorus strait, with the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ BOTEK Bosphorus Technical Consulting Corp.
  2. ^ "สล็อต เติม true wallet ฝาก-ถอน ไม่มี ขั้น ต่ำ 2021".
  3. ^ "FSM Köprüsü'nde Nakit Geçiş Kalktı". Haber 34 (in Turkish). 2008-04-25. Archived from the original on 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
  4. ^ a b "Istanbul bridge, road toll hiked". Hürriyet Daily News. October 7, 2019.

External links edit