Fatick (Serer: Fatik[1][2] proper Patik) is a town in Senegal, located between M'bour and Kaolack and inhabited by the Serer people. Its 2005 population was estimated at 24,243.[3] It is the capital of the Fatick Region and the Fatick Department.

Fatick
Town
Fatick is located in Senegal
Fatick
Fatick
Coordinates: 14°20′0″N 16°24′25″W / 14.33333°N 16.40694°W / 14.33333; -16.40694Coordinates: 14°20′0″N 16°24′25″W / 14.33333°N 16.40694°W / 14.33333; -16.40694
Country Senegal
RegionFatick Region
Population
 (2005)
 • Total24,243
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)

ToponymyEdit

Its name (Fatick), including its region and department take their names from one of the Serer maternal clans (Fatik)—which derives from the Serer term Fati Ubadik ("we have more to go").[4] The name is also spelled Patik following its pronunciation which is the same as the Fatik matriclan. The 15th century King of Sine Wasilla Faye named it after his father's matriclan. His father was a member of the Patik matriclan.

HistoryEdit

The city has several ancient sites classified as historical monuments and added to the World heritage list.[5] There is also the site of Mind Ngo Mindiss, located in the Sine River, where libations and offerings are made, the site of Ndiobaye, where traditional ceremonies takes place, and Ndeb Jab, which houses a sacred tree at Ndiaye-Ndiaye. These sites are sacred places in Serer religion.[6] The Xooy ceremony (or Khoy), performed by the Serer high priests and priestesses (the Saltigues), takes place at Fatick once a year.[7]

GeographyEdit

Fatick is located "in the savanna belt of the West African Sahel, a sandy arid region south of the Sahara desert."[8] The nearest towns are Nerane, Pourham, Mbirk Pourham and Tok. Dakar, the capital of Senegal, is located 155 km away.

ClimateEdit

Under Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, it has a hot semi-arid climate (BSh).

Climate data for Fatick
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
34.5
(94.1)
36.5
(97.7)
37
(99)
37.1
(98.8)
35.8
(96.4)
33.4
(92.1)
32.1
(89.8)
32.5
(90.5)
34.6
(94.3)
35.4
(95.7)
32.8
(91.0)
34.5
(94.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.7
(74.7)
25
(77)
27
(81)
27.8
(82.0)
28.6
(83.5)
29.2
(84.6)
28.3
(82.9)
27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
28.1
(82.6)
27
(81)
24.3
(75.7)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
15.6
(60.1)
17.5
(63.5)
18.6
(65.5)
20.2
(68.4)
22.6
(72.7)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.7)
21.7
(71.1)
18.7
(65.7)
15.8
(60.4)
19.5
(67.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
36
(1.4)
123
(4.8)
223
(8.8)
180
(7.1)
44
(1.7)
2
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
611
(23.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 7m)[9]

PopulationEdit

In the censuses of 1988 and 2002, the estimate population figures were 18,416 and 23,149 respectively. In 2007, according to official estimates, the population was 24,855.

EconomyEdit

Since the peanut trade is losing momentum, salt marshes are the main local resource.

Notable people from FatickEdit

Fatick in popular cultureEdit

Carolee Buck, who with her husband Art worked in Fatick as a Peace Corps volunteer, published Peace Corps Senegal, 1968-1970 in 2020.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Diouf, Babacar Sedikh, Maad a sinig: Kumba Ndoofeen fa Maak JUUF (Buka-Cilaas), 1853–1871, PAPF (1987), pp. 13, 26, 29
  2. ^ Dioh, Irénée Guilane, Les hologrammes du seereer: parler de Faajut, Sénégal, Fasal (2009), pp. 108, 111, 112, ISBN 9782912436627
  3. ^ "Esimation de la Population du Senegal" (PDF) (in French). Government of Senegal. Retrieved 13 January 2009.[dead link]
  4. ^ Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Département d'Histoire, "Ñirohmol, un village déserté du Diokoul (Saloum) (XIVe-XXe siècle) : histoire et archéologie", p 24
  5. ^ Senegal culture (gov web), retrieved 27 March 2003 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ African Studies Quarterly, Volume 14, Issue 3 (March 2014), "Fed Up: Creating a New Type of Senegal through the Arts", Guest Editors: Enz, Molly Krueger and Bryson, Devin, Published by the Center for African Studies, University of Florida, p. 36 (note 5), ISSN 2152-2448 [1] (Retrieved 4 June 2018)
  7. ^ Révélation de saltigué : Touba va accueillir la dépouille d’une célébrité venue de Dakar (2001 Xoy) [in] La Sénégalaise, published 6/6/2011, (Retrieved : 13 July 2012)
  8. ^ Newman & Ratliff (ed.), Paul & Martha (2001). Linguistic Fieldwork. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 190. Retrieved 29 March 2020. {{cite book}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  9. ^ "Climate: Fatick - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  10. ^ Flint, Jim (7 February 2021). "Pandemic project gets presidential approval". Mail Tribune. Retrieved 13 February 2021. Through the pages of your book and its amazing pictures, I fondly remember my youthful years in my hometown of Fatick.