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Muhammad bin Muhammad al-Ya'mari, better known as Fath al-Din Ibn Sayyid al-Nās, was a Medieval Egyptian theologian who specialized in the field of Hadith, or the recorded prophecies and traditions of the Muslim prophet Muhammad. He was well known for his biography of Muhammad.

Ibn Sayyid al-Nas
Born1272
Died1334
EraMedieval era
RegionEgypt
SchoolZahiri

LifeEdit

Although Ibn Sayyid al-Nas was himself an Egyptian,[1] he was descended from a Muslim Andalusian family from Seville.[2] The family fled due to hostility from Christians, who eventually took the city in 1248.[3] His grandfather Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Ahmad was born in 1200 and settled in Tunis, where Ibn Sayyid al-Nas' father was born in October 1247.[3] His grandfather died in 1261.[4]

Ibn Sayyid al-Nas died in the year 1334,[5] corresponding to 734 in the Hijri calendar.[2] He was known as an adherent of the Zahiri school of Sunni Islam.[2]

WorkEdit

Ibn Sayyid al-Nas' biography of the prophet Muhammad is well known.[6][7] Some of the isnads, or chains of narration establishing the historicity of claims, are unique; Ibn Hisham, arguably the most respected classical biographer, included events in his version of the prophetic biography whose chains of narration are only available in Ibn Sayyid al-Nas' work.[8] During his time, he was also considered one of Cairo's greatest composers of poetry in praise of Muhammad.[9] Ibn Sayyid al-Nas along with Abu Hayyan al-Gharnati were often the presiding "judges" during poetic contests during the reign of Mamluk sultan Al-Nasir Muhammad.[10] Slimane of Morocco, the sultan of Morocco in the early 1800s who greatly restricted the acceptable reading material in his sultanate, designated Ibn Sayyid al-Nas' prophetic biography as one of only two approved works.[11]

Ibn Sayyid al-Nas was respected among hadith circles for his transmissions of a recension of Sahih al-Bukhari, the most significant collection of prophetic tradition in Sunni Islam. In regard to the widely reported raid of Hudhayl, Ibn Sayyid al-Nas' transmission is nearly identical to the narrations of Muhammad al-Bukhari himself, save seven small differences, six copyist errors and one difference in a single word.[12]

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Alexander D. Knysh, Ibn 'Arabi in the Later Islamic Tradition: The Making of a Polemical Image in Medieval Islam, pg. 67. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999. ISBN 9780791439678
  2. ^ a b c Ignác Goldziher, The Zahiris: Their Doctrine and Their History, pg. 171. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 1997. ISBN 9789004026322
  3. ^ a b Franz Rosenthal, Ibn Sayyid al-Nās. Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd ed. Ed. P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Online. Accessed 30 October 2013.
  4. ^ Scott C. Lucas, Constructive Critics, Ḥadīth Literature, and the Articulation of Sunnī Islam: The Legacy of the Generation of Ibn Saʻd, Ibn Maʻīn, and Ibn Ḥanbal, pg. 110. Volume 51 of Islamic History and Civilization. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2004. ISBN 9789004133198
  5. ^ Scott C. Lucas, Constructive Critics, pg. 45.
  6. ^ Everett K. Rowson, "Al-Safadi." Taken from Eds. Joseph Edmund Lowry and Devin J. Stewart. Volume 2 of Essays in Arabic Literary Biography. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2009. ISBN 9783447059336
  7. ^ Muhammad Rida Naji, "Islamic Historiography." Taken from History and Historiography: An Entry from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam, pg. 20. Eds. Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel, Mohammed Jafar Elmi and Hassan Taromi-Rad. London: EWI Press, 2012. ISBN 9781908433046
  8. ^ Moshe Gil, Jews in Islamic Countries in the Middle Ages, pg. 24. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2004. ISBN 9789004138827
  9. ^ Thomas Bauer, "Jamal al-Din Ibn Nubatah." Taken from Essays in Arabic Literary Biography: 1350-1850, pg. 187.
  10. ^ Devin J. Stewart, "Ibn Hijjah al-Hamawi." Taken from Essays in Arabic Literary Biography: 1350-1850, pg. 143.
  11. ^ Knut S. Vikør, Sufi and Scholar on the Desert Edge: Muḥammad B. ʻAlī Al-Sanūsī and His Brotherhood, pg. 37. Series in Islam and society in Africa. London: C. Hurst & Co., 1995. ISBN 9781850652182
  12. ^ Nicolet Boekhoff- van der Voort, "The Raid of Hudhayl: Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri's Version of the Event." Taken from Analysing Muslim Traditions: Studies in Legal, Exegetical and Maghāzī Ḥadīṯ, pg. 325. Ed. Harald Motzki. Volume 78 of Islamic History and Civilization. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2010. ISBN 9789004180499