Fast Times at Ridgemont High is a 1982 American coming-of-age comedy film directed by Amy Heckerling (in her feature directorial debut) from a screenplay by Cameron Crowe, based on his 1981 book Fast Times at Ridgemont High: A True Story, and starring Sean Penn, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Judge Reinhold, Phoebe Cates, Brian Backer, Robert Romanus, Ray Walston, Amanda Wyss, Scott Thompson, and Vincent Schiavelli. Crowe went undercover at Clairemont High School in San Diego and wrote about his experiences.
|Fast Times at Ridgemont High|
|Directed by||Amy Heckerling|
|Screenplay by||Cameron Crowe|
|Based on||Fast Times at Ridgemont High: A True Story|
by Cameron Crowe
|Cinematography||Matthew F. Leonetti|
|Edited by||Eric Jenkins|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||$27.1 million (domestic) or $50 million|
The film chronicles a school year in the lives of sophomores Stacy Hamilton and Mark Ratner and their older friends Linda Barrett and Mike Damone, both of whom believe themselves wiser in the ways of romance than their younger counterparts. The ensemble cast of characters form two subplots with Jeff Spicoli, a perpetually stoned surfer, facing off against history teacher Mr. Hand, and Stacy's older brother Brad, a senior who works in entry-level jobs to pay for his car and ponders ending his two-year relationship with his girlfriend, Lisa.
In addition to Penn, Reinhold, Cates, and Leigh, the film marks early appearances by several actors who later became stars, including Nicolas Cage, Eric Stoltz, Forest Whitaker, and Anthony Edwards (the first two in their feature film debuts).
In 2005, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
In the town of Ridgemont are different stories taking place in its teenager community:
Brad Hamilton is a popular senior at Ridgemont High School, a fictional school in the San Fernando Valley, and looks forward to his final year of school. He has a job at All-American Burger, his 1960 Buick LeSabre is almost paid for, and plans to break up with his girlfriend Lisa so he can be completely eligible during his senior year. His perfect life is threatened after an exchange with an obnoxious customer results in his firing from "All-American Burger". When Brad tries to tell Lisa how much he needs her, she informs him that she wants to break up with him to date other guys. Brad gets a job at "Captain Hook Fish & Chips", but quits in humiliation when a beautiful older woman laughs at him wearing a pirate costume while making a food delivery.
Brad's sister Stacy is a 15-year-old freshman and a virgin. She works at Perry's Pizza at Ridgemont Mall alongside her outspoken older friend, Linda Barrett. One night at work, Stacy takes an order from Ron Johnson who asks her out after she tells him she's 19. She later sneaks out of her house for a date with him and loses her virginity that night in the dugout of a baseball field. Stacy later tells Linda about the experience, stating how much it hurt. Linda offers advice to Stacy on the matter, which she often does, as the more worldly and experienced of the two. Ron sends her flowers the next day.
Mike Damone is a smooth-talker who earns money taking sports bets and scalping concert tickets; he fancies himself a worldly ladies' man. His shy but amiable best friend, Mark Ratner, works as an usher at the movie theater across from Perry's Pizza. When Mark develops a crush on Stacy, Damone lets Mark in on his five secrets for picking up girls. Damone later persuades Mark to ask Stacy out on a date to a German restaurant. Afterwards, at her home, Stacy invites Mark into her bedroom, where they look at her photo album together. They begin to kiss, but a nervous Mark abruptly leaves after Stacy attempts to seduce him. She mistakenly interprets his shyness as disinterest. Linda quickly advises her to move on and find another boy. After he drops by her house unannounced, Stacy becomes interested in Damone. She invites him to her pool, which quickly leads to them having sex in the pool house during which he ejaculates very quickly. Her brother Brad, who has become sullen and withdrawn since his breakup with Lisa and the loss of his job at "All-American Burger", is caught masturbating in the bathroom by Linda after he fantasizes about her exposing her breasts to him at the pool.
Stacy later informs Damone that he has gotten her pregnant, and he tells her she wanted sex more than he did, which she denies. She asks for him to cover half the cost of an abortion and provide her with a ride to the clinic, and he agrees. However, unable to come up with his half despite attempts to call in debts owed from his business dealings, Damone abandons Stacy on the day of her appointment. She lies and asks her brother Brad to drive her to a bowling alley to meet friends, but he sees her cross the street to the abortion clinic. Brad waits for Stacy and he confronts her about the abortion. Stacy makes Brad promise not to tell their parents, but does not divulge who got her pregnant. When Stacy tells Linda that Damone abandoned her and did not pay his half, Linda becomes furious. The next day, Damone finds his car spray-painted "Prick" and his school locker painted "little prick" as revenge. Mark confronts Damone about his involvement with Stacy. They almost get into a fight, but their gym teacher breaks it up.
Jeff Spicoli is a carefree stoner and surfer who runs afoul of history teacher Mr. Hand and attending Mr. Vargas' science class. One night, Spicoli wrecks the 1979 Chevrolet Camaro of Ridgemont star football player Charles Jefferson during a joyride with Jefferson's younger brother. Spicoli covers up the damage by making it look like the car was destroyed by fans of Ridgemont's sports rival Lincoln High School. When Ridgemont plays Lincoln, Jefferson, furious about his car, brutally tackles several of Lincoln's players and almost single-handedly wins the game. Spicoli joins the science class of Mr. Vargas on a class trip to the morgue. On the evening of the graduation dance, Mr. Hand visits Spicoli's house and informs him that he must make up the eight hours of class time he has wasted over the school year. They have a history session that lasts until Mr. Hand is satisfied that Spicoli has understood the lesson, and the two show that they respect each other.
Mark and Stacy start dating again as Mark makes peace with his best friend Damone. Brad takes a job at a convenience store called Mi-T-Mart and foils an armed robbery with some help from an oblivious Spicoli who was using the bathroom.
A postscript states that Brad was promoted to manager of Mi-T-Mart. Damone was busted scalping Ozzy Osbourne tickets and was forced to take a job at 7-Eleven. Mr. Vargas has gone back to coffee. Linda attends college in Riverside and moved in with her abnormal-psychology professor. Mark and Stacy are going steady and haven't gone all the way yet. Mr. Hand maintains his belief that everyone is on dope. Spicoli saved Brooke Shields from drowning and blew the reward money hiring rock band Van Halen to play at his birthday party.
As the credits roll, Mi-T-Mart and Ridgemont Mall close for the night.
- Sean Penn as Jeff Spicoli, a stoner teenager who is an expert surfer
- Jennifer Jason Leigh as Stacy Hamilton, a 15-year-old freshman who works at "Perry's Pizza"
- Judge Reinhold as Brad Hamilton, the older brother of Stacy
- Robert Romanus as Mike Damone, a smooth-talking teenager who takes bets and scalps concert tickets
- Brian Backer as Mark "Rat" Ratner, Mike's best friend who works as an usher at the movie theater at Ridgemont Mall
- Phoebe Cates as Linda Barrett, the best friend of Stacy and co-worker at "Perry's Pizza"
- Ray Walston as Mr. Hand, the history teacher at Ridgemont High
- Scott Thomson as Arnold, a friend of Brad
- Vincent Schiavelli as Mr. Vargas, the science teacher at Ridgemont High
- Amanda Wyss as Lisa, Brad's girlfriend
- D.W. Brown as Ron Johnson, a 26-year-old stereo salesman
- Forest Whitaker as Charles Jefferson, a star football player at Ridgemont High
- Kelli Maroney as Cindy
- Tom Nolan as Dennis Taylor, the manager of "All-American Burger"
- Blair Ashleigh as Pat Bernardo
- Eric Stoltz as Jeff's stoner bud
- Anthony Edwards as Jeff's stoner bud
- Stanley Davis, Jr. as Jefferson's brother
- James Russo as the Mi-T-Mart Robber
- James Bershad as Greg
- Nicolas Cage as Brad's Bud (credited as Nicolas Coppola)
- Reginald H. Farmer as the Vice-principal of Ridgemont High
Other minor appearances include:
- Martin Brest as Dr. Miller
- Stu Nahan as himself
- Pamela Springsteen as Dina Phillips
- Lana Clarkson as Mrs. Vargas
- Nancy Wilson as a beautiful girl in a car
- Stuart Cornfeld as the Pirate King, the proprietor of "Captain Hook's Fish & Chips"
- Taylor Negron as the pizza delivery person from the "Pizza Guy" restaurant
The film is adapted from a book Crowe wrote after a year spent at Clairemont High School in San Diego, California. He went undercover to do research for his 1981 book Fast Times at Ridgemont High: A True Story, about his observations of the high school and the students he befriended there, including then-student Andy Rathbone, on whom the character Mark "Rat" Ratner was modeled.
Nicolas Cage made his feature-film debut, portraying an unnamed co-worker of Brad's at All-American Burger, credited as "Nicolas Coppola." It was also the film debut for Eric Stoltz and provided early roles for Anthony Edwards and Forest Whitaker. Crowe's future wife Nancy Wilson of Heart has a cameo as the "Beautiful Girl in Car" who laughs at Brad in his Captain Hook uniform during a traffic-light stop. Tom Hanks was considered for the role of Brad Hamilton. Justine Bateman was offered the role of Linda Barrett, but she turned it down to star in Family Ties. Matthew Broderick was offered the role of Jeff Spicoli, but turned it down. Jodie Foster was considered for the role of Stacy Hamilton.
The soundtrack album Fast Times at Ridgemont High: Music from the Motion Picture was released by Elektra Records on July 30, 1982. It peaked at #54 on the US Billboard 200 album chart. The soundtrack features the work of many quintessential 1980s rock artists.
Several of the movie's songs were released as singles, including Jackson Browne's "Somebody's Baby", which reached #7 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart. Other singles were the title track by Sammy Hagar, a cover of The Tymes' "So Much in Love" by Timothy B. Schmit which reached #59 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, "Raised on the Radio" by the Ravyns and "Waffle Stomp" by Joe Walsh. In addition to Schmit and Walsh, the album features solo tracks by other members of the Eagles: Don Henley and Don Felder. The soundtrack also included "I Don't Know (Spicoli's Theme)" by Jimmy Buffett and "Goodbye Goodbye" by Oingo Boingo (led by Danny Elfman).
Five tracks in the film not included on the soundtrack are "Moving in Stereo" by the Cars; "American Girl" by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers; "We Got the Beat" by the Go Go's, which is the movie's opening theme; Led Zeppelin's "Kashmir"; and "Jingle Bell Rock" by Bobby Helms. In addition, the live band at the prom dance during the end of the film played two songs also not on the soundtrack: The Eagles' "Life in the Fast Lane" and Sam the Sham's "Wooly Bully".
The Donna Summer track "Highway Runner", was recorded in 1981 for her double album titled I'm a Rainbow; however, the album was shelved by Geffen Records but ultimately released in 1996 by Mercury Records.
Todd Rundgren also recorded the song "Attitude" for the film at Crowe's request. It was not included in the film, but was released on Rundgren's Demos and Lost Albums in 2001. A track titled "Fast Times" was recorded by Heart but was not used in the film. The track ended up on their 1982 album Private Audition.
In some countries, the album was released as a single LP with 10 tracks.
Heckerling, in the DVD audio commentary, states that the 1970s artists, like the Eagles, were introduced by one of the film's producers. Coincidentally, Irving Azoff, one of the film's producers, was the personal manager for the Eagles and Stevie Nicks.
|1.||"Somebody's Baby"||Browne, Danny Kortchmar||Jackson Browne||4:05|
|2.||"Waffle Stomp"||Walsh||Joe Walsh||3:40|
|3.||"Love Rules"||Henley, Kortchmar||Don Henley||4:05|
|4.||"Uptown Boys"||Goffin, Janna Allen||Louise Goffin||2:45|
|5.||"So Much in Love"||Timothy B. Schmit||2:25|
|1.||"Raised on the Radio"||Rob Fahey||The Ravyns||3:43|
|2.||"The Look In Your Eyes"||McMahon||Gerard McMahon||4:00|
|3.||"Speeding"||Jane Wiedlin, Charlotte Caffey||The Go-Go's||2:11|
|4.||"Don't Be Lonely"||Marv Ross||Quarterflash||3:18|
|5.||"Never Surrender"||Felder, Kenny Loggins||Don Felder||4:15|
|1.||"Fast Times (The Best Years of Our Lives)"||Squier||Billy Squier||3:41|
|2.||"Fast Times at Ridgemont High"||Hagar||Sammy Hagar||3:36|
|3.||"I Don't Know (Spicoli's Theme)"||Buffett, Michael Utley||Jimmy Buffett||3:00|
|4.||"Love Is the Reason"||Nash||Graham Nash||3:31|
|5.||"I'll Leave It Up to You"||Rusty Young||Poco||2:55|
|1.||"Highway Runner"||Giorgio Moroder, Summer||Donna Summer||3:18|
|2.||"Sleeping Angel"||Nicks||Stevie Nicks||4:43|
|3.||"She's My Baby (And She's Outta Control)"||Dave Palmer, Phil Jost||Palmer/Jost||2:53|
|4.||"Goodbye, Goodbye"||Danny Elfman||Oingo Boingo||4:34|
Universal gave the film a limited theatrical release on August 13, 1982, opening in 498 theaters. It earned $2.5 million in its opening weekend. The release was widened to 713 theaters, earning $3.25 million. The film ranked 29th among U.S. releases in 1982, earning $27.1 million, six times its $4.5 million budget, and later gaining popularity through television and home video releases.
On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, 78% of 60 critics' reviews are positive, with an average rating of 6.7/10. The website's consensus reads, "While Fast Times at Ridgemont High features Sean Penn's legendary performance, the film endures because it accurately captured the small details of school, work, and teenage life." Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 61 out of 100, based on 21 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Roger Ebert called it a "scuz-pit of a movie", but praised the performances by Leigh, Penn, Cates, and Reinhold. Janet Maslin wrote that it was "a jumbled but appealing teen-age comedy with something of a fresh perspective on the subject."
As time went on, however, the film was increasingly seen as a classic. In an essay written for the Criterion Collection edition in 2021, critic Dana Stevens wrote, "Fast Times is the polar opposite of exploitation. Deep in its horny heart, this is the story of one fifteen-year-old girl’s clumsy and sometimes painful introduction to the world of sex, related without judgment or preconception or the least hint of sentimentalization. Heckerling’s film is a raunchy crowd-pleaser replete with stoner humor, a masturbation gag, and a blow-job tutorial that makes use of school-cafeteria carrots. But it is also attuned to the emotional lives of teenagers—girls and boys—in ways that place it far ahead of its time."
Crowe's screenplay was nominated for a WGA Award for best comedy adapted from another medium. The film ranks No. 15 on Bravo's "100 Funniest Movies" and No. 2 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the "50 Best High School Movies".
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2000: AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs – #87
National Film Preservation Board
- 2005: National Film Registry, Fast Times at Ridgemont High
The film inspired a short-lived 1986 television series titled Fast Times. Ray Walston and Vincent Schiavelli reprised their roles as Hand and Vargas on the show. Other characters from the movie were played by different actors, most notably Patrick Dempsey as Mike Damone.
- Fast Times at Barrington High, an album by the band The Academy Is... is a play on the title of the film.
- "Fast Times at Buddy Cianci Jr. High", a Family Guy episode from Season 4.
- Fast Times at Fairmont High, a novella by Vernor Vinge, is named in reference to the film.
- "Stacy's Mom", a song by Fountains of Wayne which pays homage to the film.
- The Last American Virgin, a remake of Lemon Popsicle and a film released in the same year with similar themes.
- "Phoebe Cates" from the album Lechuza, a song by the band Fenix TX about Phoebe Cates' role in the film.
- ^ "FAST TIMES (X)". British Board of Film Classification. September 9, 1982. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
- ^ a b WE'RE TALKING GROSS, TACKY AND DUMB Brown, Peter H. Los Angeles Times 20 Jan 1985: 6.
- ^ "15 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Fast Times At Ridgemont High". IFC.com. October 13, 2014. Archived from the original on October 25, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
- ^ "Librarian of Congress Adds 25 Films to National Film Registry". Library of Congress. Archived from the original on November 26, 2020. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- ^ "Complete National Film Registry Listing". Library of Congress. Archived from the original on August 6, 2020. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- ^ Russell, Lisa (March 13, 1995). "Geek God: Once the Butt of Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Best-Selling Author Andy Rathbone Becomes a Computer Guru". People. Archived from the original on March 30, 2011. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
- ^ Lauren Schutte (February 14, 2012). "Nicolas Cage on Turning Down 'Dumb & Dumber,' Winning Another Oscar and the Movie that Made Him Change His Name". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- ^ "The Lost Comedy Roles of Tom Hanks". December 22, 2011.
- ^ "The Lost Roles of Fast Times at Ridgemont High". March 29, 2012.
- ^ Fast Times at Ridgemont High (Original Soundtrack) Archived August 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, AllMusic
- ^ Discogs (2012). "Various – Fast Times At Ridgemont High • Music From The Motion Picture". Discogs. Discogs. Archived from the original on March 3, 2013. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- ^ Mike Duquette (March 4, 2011). "Friday Feature: "Fast Times at Ridgemont High"". The Second Disc. WordPress.com. Archived from the original on May 28, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- ^ Charts and Awards, Allmusic.
- ^ "Soundtrack versions at discogs.com". Discogs. Archived from the original on March 3, 2013. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- ^ "Irving Azoff - Biography & History - AllMusic". AllMusic. Archived from the original on September 8, 2017. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- ^ "Fast Times at Ridgemont High". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved January 14, 2023.
- ^ "Fast Times at Ridgemont High". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 14, 2023.
- ^ "Fast Times at Ridgemont High". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved January 14, 2023.
- ^ Ebert, Roger (1982). "Fast Times at Ridgemont High". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2006.
- ^ Maslin, Janet (September 3, 1982). "'RIDGEMONT HIGH'". The New York Times.
- ^ Stevens, Dana (May 11, 2021). "Fast Times at Ridgemont High: A Kid's-Eye View". Criterion. Retrieved May 4, 2022.
- ^ "Bravo's 100 Funniest Movies List is Laughable" Archived December 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Manroomonline.com, June 2, 2006.
- ^ "50 Best High School Movies". Filmsite.org. September 15, 2006. Archived from the original on November 12, 2010. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 16, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2016.
Quotations related to Fast Times at Ridgemont High at Wikiquote
- Fast Times at Ridgemont High at IMDb
- Fast Times at Ridgemont High at the TCM Movie Database
- Fast Times at Ridgemont High at AllMovie
- Fast Times at Ridgemont High essay by Daniel Eagan in America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry, A&C Black, 2010 ISBN 0826429777, pages 777-778 
- Fast Times at Ridgemont High: A Kid’s-Eye View an essay by Dana Stevens at the Criterion Collection