Fassett, Quebec

Fassett is a municipality and village in the Papineau Regional County Municipality in Quebec, Canada, located on the north shore of the Ottawa River east of Montebello.

Fassett
Fassett QC.jpg
Location within Papineau RCM
Location within Papineau RCM
Fassett is located in Western Quebec
Fassett
Fassett
Location in western Quebec
Coordinates: 45°39′N 74°52′W / 45.650°N 74.867°W / 45.650; -74.867Coordinates: 45°39′N 74°52′W / 45.650°N 74.867°W / 45.650; -74.867[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionOutaouais
RCMPapineau
Settled1815
ConstitutedJuly 1, 1855
Government
 • MayorMichel Rioux
 • Federal ridingArgenteuil—Papineau—Mirabel
 • Prov. ridingPapineau
Area
 • Total15.50 km2 (5.98 sq mi)
 • Land12.49 km2 (4.82 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total431
 • Density34.5/km2 (89/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011-2016
Decrease 4.4%
 • Dwellings
281
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)819
Highways
A-50

Route 148
Websitewww.village-fassett.com Edit this at Wikidata

Its main access roads are Route 148, which passes through the town, and Autoroute 50 which passes to the north.

HistoryEdit

The area was part of the Petite-Nation Seigneury, formed in 1674 [4] and originally owned by François de Laval, the first bishop of New France. The seigneury was acquired in 1803 by Joseph Papineau, who became its first civilian lord, and later sold it to his son Louis-Joseph Papineau.[5]

The area became of interest economically when England was forced to rely on its colonies for wood for construction of its vessels during the Napoleonic blockade of 1807. It was full of oaks, pines, and maples regarding which Surveyor Joseph Bouchette wrote in 1815: "the terrain rises and is covered with wood of the best species: oaks are of high quality and particularly of large size, suitable for the construction of vessels."[5]

In 1815 the original mission of Notre Dame de Bonsecours was created and in 1821 a chapel dedicated to Notre-Dame de Bonsecours (Our Lady of Good Help) was constructed. On September 30, 1831, the bishop of Quebec Bernard-Claude Panet granted a petition signed by Denis-Benjamin Papineau and over 75 tenants for the formation of a parish. His decree called the new parish Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours-de-la-Petite-Nation and also recommended the people of Bonsecours to acquire civil recognition from the Governor General of Canada, Lord Aylmer.[5]

On June 18, 1845, the Governor General of the Province of Canada, Charles Metcalfe, established local and municipal authorities in Lower Canada, under a new law passed by the provincial Parliament.[6] One of the new municipalities created was the Municipality of Petite-Nation, which included the Parish of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours-de-la-Petite-Nation. However, this municipality was abolished in 1847.[5]

On July 1, 1855, a new statute of the Province of Canada came into force,[7] which allowed the parish to get official civilian recognition, known as Parish Municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours-de-la-Petite-Nation.[4][5]

On August 22, 1878, Montebello separated from the parish municipality.[8]

In the 1870s, the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway was built, connecting Montreal to Ottawa. The rail-line went through the municipality of Notre-Dame, in what is now Fassett. The Canadian Pacific Railway bought the line in 1882.[9]

In the late 1890s, there was a dispute between the municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours and the Canadian Pacific Railway, which resulted in a court case that went all the way to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in Britain, the highest court of appeal for the British Empire. A ditch beside the rail-line had become clogged, resulting in flooding on the neighbouring land, owned by Julien Gervais. The municipality issued an order to the CPR, directing it to clean the obstruction. The CPR refused, arguing that as a federally incorporated railway, it was not required to comply with provincial law. The Quebec courts held that the provincial law did apply,[10] and the CPR appealed to the Judicial Committee. In 1899, the Judicial Committee ruled in favour of the municipality and upheld the order to clean the ditch, in the case known as Canadian Pacific Railway Co. v Notre Dame de Bonsecours.[11] The decision of the Judicial Committee continues to be cited with approval by the Supreme Court of Canada.[12]

In the early 20th centre, the Canadian Pacific Railway built a small station here, and in 1906, the Thomas family, a post office. Both were named Fassett in honour of Jacob Sloat Fassett, President from 1904 until his death in 1924, of the Haskell Lumber Company renamed Fassett Lumber Company in 1910.[8] Fassett was a lawyer and congressman from Elmira, New York who spent summers in a large beach estate he had built in Falmouth, Massachusetts on what is today known as Fassett's Point at the end of Little Island Road.

In 1913, the parish of Saint-Fidèle de Fassett was formed out of the Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours Parish, and in 1918, the municipality split along these parish boundaries.[8] The large rural and forested area became the Parish Municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours-Partie-Nord (which became the Municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours in 2003).[4] In 1951, the Parish Municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours became the Municipality of Fassett, named after the Fassett Lumber Company.[8]

DemographicsEdit

Canada census – Fassett, Quebec community profile
2016 2011
Population: 431 (-4.4% from 2011) 451 (-3.6% from 2006)
Land area: 12.49 km2 (4.82 sq mi) 12.30 km2 (4.75 sq mi)
Population density: 34.5/km2 (89/sq mi) 36.7/km2 (95/sq mi)
Median age: 56.9 (M: 56.3, F: 57.8) 53.9 (M: 52.5, F: 55.3)
Total private dwellings: 281 275
Median household income: $42,432 $41,646
References: 2016[13] 2011[14] earlier[15]
Historical census populations – Fassett, Quebec
YearPop.±%
1986 471—    
1991 505+7.2%
1996 500−1.0%
2001 483−3.4%
2006 468−3.1%
2011 451−3.6%
2016 431−4.4%
Source: Statistics Canada

Mother tongue:[3]

  • English as first language: 2.4%
  • French as first language: 92.4%
  • English and French as first language: 2.4%
  • Other as first language: 3.5%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Reference number 22017 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 80005 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b c "(Code 2480005) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  5. ^ a b c d e Jacques Lamarche. "Historique" (in French). Municipalité de Notre-Dame de Bonsecours. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  6. ^ An Act to repeal certain Ordinances therein mentioned, and to make better provision for the establishment of Local and Municipal Authorities in Lower Canada, S.Prov.C. 1845, c. 40.
  7. ^ Lower Canada Municipal and Road Act, S.Prov.C. 1855, c. 100.
  8. ^ a b c d "Fassett (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  9. ^ Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway - Useful Information for Ottawa area Genealogists and Local Historians
  10. ^ Cie de Chemin de Fer Canadien du Pacifique v Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours (Paroisse), 1897 CarswellQue 80, 7 Que. QB 121, para. 8.
  11. ^ Canadian Pacific Railway Co. v Notre Dame de Bonsecours, [1899] AC 367 (PC), [1899] UKPC 22 (UKPC).
  12. ^ Ontario v. Canadian Pacific Ltd., [1995] 2 SCR 1028.
  13. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  14. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  15. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.

External linksEdit