National Party of Australia – NSW

The National Party of Australia – N.S.W.,[a] commonly known as the NSW Nationals, is a political party in New South Wales which forms the state branch of the federal Nationals. Traditionally representing graziers, farmers and rural voters generally, it began as the Progressive Party, from the 1922 split until 1925. It then used the name the Country Party until 1977, when it became the National Country Party. The party's name was changed to the National Party of Australia in 1982.

New South Wales Nationals
LeaderPaul Toole
Deputy LeaderBronnie Taylor
Founded1919; 102 years ago (1919)
Headquarters3 Pitt Street, Sydney City Centre, New South Wales
Youth wingYoung Nationals
Membership (2019)Decrease 5,802[1]
Ideology
Political positionCentre-right
National affiliationFederal Nationals
Colours    Green and Yellow
Slogan"It's Your Time"
Legislative Assembly
11 / 93
Legislative Council
6 / 42
House of
Representatives
7 / 46
(NSW seats)
Senate
2 / 12
(NSW seats)
Website
www.nswnationals.org.au

The party, commonly referred to as "The Nationals," has generally been the junior partner in a centre-right Coalition with the NSW branch of the Liberal Party of Australia. Since 1927, the Nationals have been in Coalition with the Liberals and their predecessors, the Nationalist Party of Australia (1927–1931), the United Australia Party (1931–1943), and the Democratic Party (1943–1945). New South Wales is the only state where the Coalition has never been broken, and yet has not merged into a unified non-Labor party.

During periods of conservative government, the leader of the Nationals also serves as Deputy Premier of New South Wales. When the conservatives are in opposition, the Liberal and National parties usually form a joint opposition bench. As a measure of the Coalition's solidity in NSW, the Liberals won enough seats to theoretically govern alone during the Coalition's massive landslide at the 2011 state election. However, new Premier Barry O'Farrell kept the Nationals in his government.

HistoryEdit

Name changesEdit

  • 13 October 1919 – The Farmers' and Settlers' Association of New South Wales, the NSW Graziers' Association and the People's Party of Soldiers and Citizens meet as the first electoral council of the Progressive Party of New South Wales.
  • 15 December 1921 – Split of the Progressive Party between urban and rural wings. Rural wing (known as the "True Blues") continues as the Progressive Party.
  • 12 August 1925 – Michael Bruxner announces to the NSW Legislative Assembly that the party has changed its name to the Country Party of New South Wales.
  • 24 September 1931 – In order to clarify its support for the New England New State Movement, the party name changes to the United Country Party of New South Wales.
  • 9 February 1944 – The State Conference agrees to a further name change as the Australian Country Party (N.S.W.).
  • 26 June 1976 – The State Conference held in Broken Hill rejects a proposal to follow the federal party and rename itself as the "National Country Party of Australia – NSW".
  • 26 June 1977 – The following State Conference held in Coffs Harbour approves the name change to the National Country Party of Australia – NSW.
  • 26 June 1982 – The annual State Conference held in Wagga Wagga approves the name change to the National Party of Australia – NSW. The federal party does not make the same change until its Federal Conference on 16 October.
  • 25 October 2003 – The NSW Central Council of the party approves the 11 October decision of the federal executive to use the term, The Nationals, in all state and federal election campaigns.[4]

Neo-Nazi infiltrationEdit

In 2018, the party revealed that approximately 30 members of its youth wing were being investigated for alleged links to neo-Nazism. Federal Nationals leader Michael McCormack denounced these attempts stating that: "The Nationals will not tolerate extremism or the politics of hate. People found to engage with such radicalism are not welcome in our party. We are a grassroots party proudly championing what matters most to our regional and rural communities – always has been, always will be". Several suspected neo-Nazis were expelled from the party and its youth wing. The leader of the NSW Nationals, John Barilaro, also denounced racism and fascism within the party stating that: "I have no problems calling this out, this is something I’m very strong on, I do not accept racism".[5]

Exit to crossbench, 2020Edit

On 10 September 2020, the Nationals NSW declared that they would no longer support the legislation of the NSW Liberal Party, and would move to the crossbenches in Parliament. This was caused due to a new planning proposal which looked to strengthen land clearing for agricultural activities that threatened endangered koala populations, for which they disagreed with.[6] On the morning of 11 September 2020, the Nationals backed down and rejoined the government.[7]

LeadersEdit

People who served as the Leader of National Party of Australia in New South Wales are:

Leader Term start Term end Time in office Deputy Premier Notes
  Michael Bruxner 1921 1925 3–4 years No [8]
  Ernest Buttenshaw 1925 1932 6–7 years No [9]
  Michael Bruxner 1932 1958 25–26 years 1932–1941 [8]
  Davis Hughes 1958 1959 0–1 years No [10]
  Sir Charles Cutler 1959 16 December 1975 15–16 years 1965–1975 [11]
  Leon Punch 17 December 1975 1985 9–10 years 1975–1976 [12]
  Wal Murray 1985 26 May 1993 7–8 years 1988–1993 [13]
  Ian Armstrong 28 June 1993 14 January 1999 5 years, 200 days 1993–1995 [14]
  George Souris 14 January 1999 31 March 2003 4 years, 76 days No [15]
  Andrew Stoner 31 March 2003 16 October 2014 11 years, 199 days 2011–2014 [16]
  Troy Grant 16 October 2014 15 November 2016 2 years, 30 days 2014–2016 [17]
  John Barilaro 15 November 2016 6 October 2021 4 years, 325 days 2016–2021 [18]
  Paul Toole 6 October 2021 Incumbent 57 days 2021– [19]

Deputy LeaderEdit

People who served as the Deputy Leader of National Party of Australia in New South Wales are:

Deputy Leader Term start Term end Time in office Leader Notes
  William Fleming 1922 1922 0 years Michael Bruxner [20]
  Ernest Buttenshaw 1922 1925 2–3 years [21]
  William Missingham 1925 1932 6–7 years Ernest Buttenshaw [22]
  David Drummond 1932 1949 16–17 years Michael Bruxner [23]
  Roy Vincent 1950 1953 2–3 years [24]
  Doug Dickson 1953 1958 4–5 years [25]
  Charles Cutler 1958 1959 0–1 years Davis Hughes [26]
  Bill Chaffey 1959 1968 8–9 years Charles Cutler [27]
  Davis Hughes 1968 1973 4–5 years [28]
  Leon Punch 1973 1975 1–2 years [29]
  Tim Bruxner 1975 1981 5–6 years Leon Punch [30]
  Wal Murray 1981 1984 2–3 years [31]
  Ian Armstrong 4 April 1984 28 June 1993 9 years, 85 days Wal Murray [32]
  George Souris 28 June 1993 14 January 1999 5 years, 200 days Ian Armstrong [33]
  John Turner 14 January 1999 31 March 2003 4 years, 76 days George Souris [34]
  Don Page 31 March 2003 28 March 2007 3 years, 362 days Andrew Stoner [35]
  Andrew Fraser 28 March 2007 22 October 2008 1 year, 208 days [36]
  Adrian Piccoli 22 October 2008 15 November 2016 8 years, 24 days [37]
Troy Grant
  Niall Blair 15 November 2016 2 April 2019 2 years, 138 days John Barilaro [38]
  Paul Toole 29 March 2019 6 October 2021 1 year, 208 days [39]
  Bronnie Taylor 12 October 2021 Incumbent 51 days Paul Toole [40]

Election resultsEdit

Election Seats won ± Total votes % Position Leader
1927
13 / 90
 4 100,963 8.89% NP-CP Coalition government Ernest Buttenshaw
1930
12 / 90
 1 126,779 9.56% Opposition Ernest Buttenshaw
1932
23 / 90
 11 175,862 13.16% UAP-CP Coalition government Michael Bruxner
1935
23 / 90
162,178 12.92% UAP-CP Coalition government Michael Bruxner
1938
22 / 90
 1 164,045 13.86% UAP-CP Coalition government Michael Bruxner
1941
12 / 90
 10 153,639 11.05% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1944
10 / 90
 2 131,950 10.41% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1947
15 / 90
 5 162,467 10.22% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1950
17 / 94
 2 144,573 8.97% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1953
14 / 94
 3 179,680 11.6% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1956
15 / 94
 1 172,020 10.16% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1959
16 / 94
 1 148,738 8.71% Opposition Charles Cutler
1962
14 / 94
 2 180,640 9.37% Opposition Charles Cutler
1965
16 / 94
 2 208,826 10.23% LP-CP Coalition government Charles Cutler
1968
17 / 94
 1 229,656 10.62% LP-CP Coalition government Charles Cutler
1971
17 / 96
193,509 8.65% LP-CP Coalition government Charles Cutler
1973
18 / 99
 1 261,504 10.48% LP-CP Coalition government Leon Punch
1976
18 / 99
270,603 10.03% Opposition Leon Punch
1978
17 / 99
 1 276,984 9.90% Opposition Leon Punch
1981
14 / 99
 3 314,841 11.21% Opposition Leon Punch
1984
15 / 99
 1 266,095 8.85% Opposition Leon Punch
1988
20 / 109
 5 440,482 13.74% LP-NP Coalition government Wal Murray
1991
17 / 99
 3 324,214 10.52% LP-NP Minority government Wal Murray
1995
17 / 99
378,878 11.10% Opposition Ian Armstrong
1999
13 / 93
 4 331,343 8.87% Opposition George Souris
2003
12 / 93
 1 368,004 9.63% Opposition George Souris
2007
13 / 93
 1 396,023 10.05% Opposition Andrew Stoner
2011
18 / 93
 5 521,864 12.56% LP-NP Coalition government Andrew Stoner
2015
17 / 93
 1 464,653 10.55% LP-NP Coalition government Troy Grant
2019
13 / 93
 4 401,718 9.87% LP-NP Coalition government John Barilaro

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The party name includes the periods in "N.S.W." according to the Australian Electoral Commission.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hannam, Peter (4 October 2020). "'Shocked': quarter of Nationals members quit since coming to power". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  2. ^ "National Party Constitution" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  3. ^ "Current register of political parties". Australian Electoral Commission. 22 March 2017.
  4. ^ Davey, Paul (2006). The Nationals: The Progressive, Country, and National Party in New South Wales 1919–2006. Leichhardt: Federation Press. pp. 452–453.
  5. ^ An abridged list of articles discussing neo-Nazi infiltration:
  6. ^ "NSW Government in turmoil as 'betrayed' Nationals effectively leave Coalition over koala bill". abc.net.au. 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  7. ^ Smith, Alexandra (11 September 2020). "NSW Nationals back down after Berejiklian's ultimatum". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  8. ^ a b Aitkin, Don. "Bruxner, Sir Michael Frederick (1882–1970)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 5 April 2007 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  9. ^ Kingston, Beverley. "Buttenshaw, Ernest Albert (1876–1950)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 23 November 2021 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  10. ^ "Sir Davis Hughes (1910–2003)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Sir Charles Benjamin Cutler (1918–2006)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  12. ^ "The Hon. Leon Ashton Punch (1928–1991)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  13. ^ "Mr (Wal) Wallace Telford John Murray (1931-2004)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  14. ^ "The Hon. Ian Morton Armstrong". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  15. ^ "The Hon. George Souris". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  16. ^ "The Hon. Andrew John Stoner (1960- )". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  17. ^ "The Hon. Troy Wayne Grant (1970- )". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  18. ^ "The Hon. (John) Giovanni Domenic Barilaro, MP". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  19. ^ "The Hon. Paul Lawrence Toole, MP". Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  20. ^ Piggin, Stuart. "Fleming, William Montgomerie (1874–1961)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 23 November 2021 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  21. ^ Kingston, Beverley. "Buttenshaw, Ernest Albert (1876–1950)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 23 November 2021 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  22. ^ "Mr William Thomas Missingham (1868–1933)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  23. ^ Belshaw, Jim. "Drummond, David Henry (1890-1965)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 29 July 2020 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  24. ^ Sturma, Michael. "Vincent, Roy Stanley (1892–1965)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 23 November 2021 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  25. ^ "Mr Samuel Douglas Dickson (1894-1960)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  26. ^ "Sir Charles Benjamin Cutler (1918–2006)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  27. ^ Connors, Tom. "Chaffey, William Adolphus (Bill) (1915–1987)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 23 November 2021 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  28. ^ "Sir Davis Hughes (1910–2003)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  29. ^ "The Hon. Leon Ashton Punch (1928–1991)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  30. ^ "The Hon. James Caird Bruxner". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  31. ^ "Mr (Wal) Wallace Telford John Murray (1931-2004)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  32. ^ "The Hon. Ian Morton Armstrong". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  33. ^ "The Hon. George Souris". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  34. ^ "Mr John Harcourt Turner (1949- )". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  35. ^ "The Hon. Donald Loftus Page". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  36. ^ "Mr Andrew Raymond Gordon Fraser, MP (1952 - )". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  37. ^ "Mr Adrian Piccoli (1970 - )". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  38. ^ "The Hon. Niall Mark Blair MLC". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  39. ^ "The Hon. Paul Lawrence Toole MP". Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  40. ^ "The Hon. (Bronnie) Bronwyn Taylor, MLC". Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 6 April 2019.

External linksEdit