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Farman Aviation Works (French: Avions Farman) was a French aircraft company founded and run by the brothers Richard, Henri, and Maurice Farman. They designed and constructed aircraft and engines from 1908 until 1936; during the French nationalization and rationalization of its aeronautical industry, Farman's assets were assigned to the Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Centre (SNCAC).

Avions Farman
Industry Aeronautics, defence
Fate Merged
Successor Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Centre (SNCAC)
Founded 1908
Founder Dick Farman, Henri Farman and Maurice Farman
Defunct 1936
Headquarters Châteaufort, Yvelines, France
Products Aircraft
Henri Farman on September 21, 1913 in France

In 1941 the Farman brothers reestablished the firm as the "Société Anonyme des Usines Farman" (SAUF), but only three years later it was absorbed by Sud-Ouest. Maurice's son, Marcel Farman, reestablished the SAUF in 1952, but his effort proved unsuccessful and the firm was dissolved in 1956.

The Farman brothers designed and built more than 200 types of aircraft between 1908 and 1941. They also built cars until 1931.[1]



In 1907, Henry Farman bought his first aircraft from the Voisin; and soon he began to improve its design of the aircraft, as a result it was known as either Farman I or Voisin-Farman I. In 1908, after further modifications which included re-covering it with 'Continental' rubberized fabric and addition of side-curtains, the aircraft was re-designated Farman I-bis.[2] Ailerons were fitted after Wilbur Wright's flying demonstration at Le Mans in August 1908.

A second aircraft, to be called Farman II, was built by the Voisin brothers incorporating design refinements to Farman's specification. Voisin sold this aircraft to J.T.C. Moore-Brabazon,[3] who exported it to England, where it was renamed the Bird of Passage. This episode angered Farman, who in early 1909 ended his association with Voisin and started building his own aircraft.

Aircraft designed and built by Henry Farman had a HF prefix, while examples designed and built by his brother Maurice carried a MF prefix.[4]

List of aeroplanesEdit

Farman III in flight, Berlin 1910
MF.7 Longhorn, Preveza 1912
HF.20 biplane, Nicopolis 1912
MF.11 Shorthorn 1915
Farman F.60 Goliath 1919


1923 Farman A 6.

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ Claude Rouxel, Laurent Friry & Sébastien Faures. Farman De l’aviation à l’automobile, Ed. Etai, ISBN 9782726897478
  2. ^ Opdycke 1999, p. 264.
  3. ^ "Brab's" First Flights, Flight, 28 May 1964, p. 895.
  4. ^ Walter J. Boyne. Air Warfare An International Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO,INC , ISBN I-57607-345-9
  5. ^ Green & Swanborough, page 201
  6. ^ Green & Swanborough, pages 201 and 202


  • Green, William; Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. Godalming, UK: Salamander Books. pp. 201, 202. 
  • Opdycke, Leonard E. French Aeroplanes Before the Great War Atglen, PA: Schiffer 1999 ISBN 0-7643-0752-5

External linksEdit