Cacheu River

  (Redirected from Farim River)

The Cacheu is a river of Guinea-Bissau also known as the Farim along its upper course. Its total length is about 257 km. One of its major tributaries is the Canjambari River.

Rio Farim-Cacheu, São Vicente, Guinea-Bissau (9089335316).jpg
View of the river near São Vicente, Guinea-Bissau
Physical characteristics
 ⁃ locationNorth of Contuboel
 ⁃ coordinates12°23′N 14°34′W / 12.383°N 14.567°W / 12.383; -14.567
 ⁃ location
Atlantic Ocean
 ⁃ coordinates
12°11′16″N 16°18′53″W / 12.18778°N 16.31472°W / 12.18778; -16.31472Coordinates: 12°11′16″N 16°18′53″W / 12.18778°N 16.31472°W / 12.18778; -16.31472
 ⁃ elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length257 km (160 mi)
Basin features
 ⁃ leftCanjambari River
 ⁃ rightOngueringao River, Elia River


Its headwaters are near the northern border of the country, north of Contuboel and close to a bend of the Geba River. It runs west, by the town of Farim and close to Bigenè, and broadens into an estuary on whose south shore the town of Cacheu may be found. Elia Island is a fairly large island located on the right bank of the river close to its mouth. The island's western end lies east of the confluence with the Elia River with Ongueringao Island on the other bank.[1]

The Cacheu is navigable to large (2,000-ton) ships for about 97 km in, and to smaller vessels much further; it was formerly an important route for commerce.


During the Portuguese Colonial War, the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence, the river served several military operations.[2]

In 2000, a large part of the estuary of the river became part of the Cacheu River Natural Park.[3] 68% of the park features mango trees, which forms a part of a large block of the trees in West Africa.


  1. ^ Ilha de Elia - Mapcarta
  2. ^ "Grants on the History of the Colonial War: Cacheu". Archived from the original on 2010-06-22. Retrieved 2018-05-12.
  3. ^ Faculty of Law of Bissau, References on Legal Diploma on the Creation of Cacheu River Mangrove Natural Park[permanent dead link]