Farewell of Slavianka

"Farewell of Slavianka" (Russian: Прощание славянки, romanizedProščanije slavjanki) is a Russian patriotic march, written by the composer Vasily Agapkin in honour of Slavic women accompanying their husbands in the First Balkan War.[1] The march was written and premiered in Tambov in the end of 1912. In summer of 1915 it was released as a gramophone single in Kyiv. Slavianka means "Slavic woman".

Прощание славянки
English: Farewell of Slavianka
Прощание славянки - открытка.jpg
The cover of one of the first editions of the Farewell of Slavianka notes

Regional anthem of Tambov Oblast
Also known asГимн Тамбовской области (English: Anthem of Tambov Oblast)
Lyricsvarious, including versions by unknown authors and by Vasily Agapkin, 1912
MusicVasily Agapkin
Adopted1937
Audio sample
(Instrumental) Farewell of Slavianka performed by the United States Coast Guard Band

HistoryEdit

The melody gained popularity in Russia and adjoining countries during the First World War, when the Russian soldiers left their homes and were accompanied by the music of the march. It was performed also during parade of 7 November 1941 on the Red Square after which soldiers went straight to fight in the Battle of Moscow.[2] This march was also used as an unofficial anthem of Admiral Kolchak's White Army.

Western sources alleged that the song was banned prior to its use in the award-winning 1957 film The Cranes Are Flying, because of its lyrics about supposedly banned subjects. However, there are multiple documentations of the song being performed prior to this, many conducted by Agapkin himself. The earliest recorded publication of Farewell to Slavianka in the Soviet era was in 1929, and its earliest known performance by communist troops was in 1918. [3] Most famously, it was one of four marching tunes performed during the iconic 1941 October Revolution Parade in Red Square.[4] The song was originally published by Zimmerman Production Association around 1912.[5] The march was published in an official collection of music for Red Army orchestras,[6] and it was recorded in the early 1940s by a military orchestra under the conductor Ivan Petrov (1906–1975), but different lyrics were then used. Other lyrics are now usually sung by the Red Army choir.

Subsequently, several Russian and Polish composers have written lyrics for the music. During the Second World War in German-occupied Poland, an adapted "underground" version of the song, Rozszumiały się wierzby płaczące ("Weeping Willows Began to Hum"), became popular in the Polish resistance and was based on lyrics by Roman Ślęzak.[citation needed]

In the 1990s, the political party Yabloko lobbied unsuccessfully for the march to be adopted as the Russian national anthem.[7]

"Farewell of Slavianka" was used in movies like The Cranes Are Flying and Charlie Wilson's War, which is about the Soviet–Afghan War, and in the Russian movies 72 Meters (72 метра) and Prisoner of the Mountains (Кавказский пленник, Kavkazskiy plennik). An instrumental version of the song was also featured in the 1990 Ukrainian film Raspad ("Decay") during the Pripyat evacuation scene.

A Hebrew version was written in 1945 by the singer/songwriter Haim Hefer for the Palmach. In his version of the song, בין גבולות‎ ("Between Borders"), Hefer coined the phrase אָנוּ פֹּה חוֹמַת מָגֵן‎ (We are here a defensive wall), which was used by Israel Defense Forces to call Operation Defensive Shield (literally "Operation Defensive Wall") in 2002.[8]

LyricsEdit

1967 versionEdit

The Farewell of Slavianka first received official lyrics under the Soviet leadership that were appropriate for the time's political climate, but references to Russian culture, religion and patriotism were changed. The new version by A. Fedotov.

The first version under the Soviet Union (1941) did not mention the Battle of Berlin, unlike the later version (1967).

Russian original[9][10] Romanized Russian script English translation

Этот марш не смолкал на перронах
Когда враг заслонял горизонт.
С ним отцов наших в дымных вагонах
Поезда увозили на фронт.

Он Москву отстоял в сорок первом,
В сорок пятом шагал на Берлин,
Он c солдатом прошёл до Победы
По дорогам нелёгких годин.

И если в поход
Страна позовёт,
За край наш родной
Мы все пойдём в священный бой!

Шумят в полях хлеба.
Шагает Отчизна моя
К высотам счастья,
Сквозь все ненастья,
Дорогой мира и труда.

Etot marš ne smolkal na perronah
Kogda vrag zaslonjal gorizont.
S nim otcov naših v dymnyh vagonah
Pojezda uvozili na front.

On Moskvu otstojal v sorok pervom,
V sorok pjatom šagal na Berlin,
On s soldatom prošjol do pobedy
Po dorogam neljogkih godin.

I jesli v pohod
strana pozovjot,
Za kraj naš rodnoj
My vse pojdjom v svjaščennyj boj!

Šumjat v poljah hleba.
Šagajet otčizna moja
K vysotam sčast'ja,
Skvoź vse nenast'ja,
Dorogoj mira i truda.

This march on the platforms wasn't silent
When the foe clouded the horizon .
our fathers in smoking railcars with it
Were by trains brought to the front.

He preserved Moscow in '41,
In '45 he marched on Berlin.
He accompanied the soldier to victory
Along the roads of tough years.

And if the country
Calleth us on a campaign
For our native land
We all shall march to sacred war!

Wheat rustleth in the fields,
My Fatherland marcheth
To the heights of joy
Through all misfortunes
On the path of peace and labour.

1984 versionEdit

Another version of the lyrics was written by Vladimir Lazarev in 1984 and has gained the popularity since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 because of the slower tempo and the added human fragility factor ("Farewell, fatherland, remember us, … … not all of us will come back. ...").[11]

Russian original[11] Romanized Russian script English translation

Наступает минута прощания,
Ты глядишь мне тревожно в глаза,
И ловлю я родное дыхание,
А вдали уже дышит гроза.

Дрогнул воздух туманный и синий,
И тревога коснулась висков,
И зовёт нас на подвиг Россия,
Веет ветром от шага полков.

Прощай, отчий край,
Ты нас вспоминай,
Прощай, милый взгляд,
Прости-прощай, прости-прощай.

Прощай, отчий край,
Ты нас вспоминай,
Прощай, милый взгляд,
Не все из нас придут назад.

Летят, летят года,
Уходят во мглу поезда,
А в них — солдаты.
И в небе тёмном,
Горит солдатская звезда.

Nastupajet minuta proščanija,
Ty gljadiš' mne trevožno v glaza,
I lovlju ja rodnoje dyhanije,
A vdali uže dyšit groza.

Drognul vozduh tumannyj i sinij,
I trevoga kosnulaś viskov,
I zovjot nas na podvig Rossija,
Vejet vetrom ot šaga polkov.

Proščaj, otčij kraj,
Ty nas vspominaj,
Proščaj, milyj vzgljad,
Prosti-proščaj, prosti-proščaj.

Proščaj, otčij kraj,
Ty nas vspominaj,
Proščaj, milyj vzgljad,
Ne vse iz nas pridut nazad.

Letjat, letjat goda,
Uhodjat vo mglu pojezda,
A v nih — soldaty.
I v nebe tjomnom,
Gorit soldatskaja zvezda

The minute of farewell beginneth,
Thou look'st into my eyes with anxiety.
I catch thy dear breath,
A storm is forming far away already.

The blue, misty air is trembling,
Anxiety toucheth my temples.
Russia calleth us for heroic deeds,
One can feel the wind of the marching regiments.

Farewell, homeland,
Remember us.
Farewell, familiar faces,
Forgiving farewell, forgiving farewell.

Farewell, homeland,
Remember us.
Farewell, o dear gaze,
Not all of us will come back.

Fly, fly through the years,
Trains disappear in the darkness.
In them are soldiers,
And in the dark sky
Shineth the soldier's star.

1997 versionEdit

A White Army version of the march, written by Andrei Mingalyov, was created after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.[12]

Russian original[11] Romanized Russian script English translation

Встань за Веру, Русская Земля!
Много песен мы в сердце сложили,
Воспевая родные края
Беззаветно тебя мы любили,
Святорусская наша земля.
Высоко ты главу поднимала –
Словно солнце твой лик воссиял.
Но ты жертвою подлости стала –
Тех, кто предал тебя и продал!

Припев:
И снова в поход труба нас зовёт.
Мы все встанем в строй
И все пойдём в священный бой.

Встань за Веру, Русская земля!
Ждут победы России святые.
Отзовись, православная рать!
Где Илья твой и где твой Добрыня?
Сыновей кличет Родина-мать.
Под хоругви мы встанем все смело
Крестным ходом с молитвой пойдём,
За Российское правое дело
Кровь мы русскую честно прольём.

Припев

Встань за Веру, Русская Земля!
Все мы – дети великой Державы,
Все мы помним заветы отцов
Ради Родины, Чести и Славы
Не жалей ни себя, ни врагов.
Встань, Россия, из рабского плена,
Дух победы зовёт: в бой, пора!
Подними боевые знамена
Ради Веры, Любви и Добра!

Припев

Vstań za Veru, Russkaja Zemlja!
Mnogo pesen my v serdce složili,
Vospevaja rodnyje kraja
Bezzavetno tebja my ljubili,
Svjatorusskaja naša zemlja.
Vysoko ty glavu podnimala –
Slovno solnce tvoj lik vossijal.
No ty žertvoju podlosti stala –
Teh, kto predal tebja i prodal!

Pripev:
I snova v pohod truba nas zovjot.
My vse vstanem v stroj
I vse pojdjom v svjaščennyj boj.

Vstań za Veru, Russkaja Zemlja!
Ždut pobedy Rossii svjatyje.
Otzoviś, pravoslavnaja rat'!
Gde Il'ja tvoj i gde tvoj Dobrynja?
Synovej kličet Rodina-mat'.
Pod horugvi my vstanem vse smelo
Krestnym hodom s molitvoj pojdjom,
Za Rossijskoje pravoje delo
Krov' my russkuju čestno prol'jom.

Pripev

Vstań za Veru, Russkaja Zemlja!
Vse my – deti velikoj deržavy,
Vse my pomnim zavety otcov
Radi Rodiny, Česti i Slavy
Ne žalej ni sebja, ni vragov.
Vstań, Rossija, iz rabskovo plena,
Duh pobedy zovjot: v boj, pora!
Podnimi bojevyje znamena
Radi Very, Ljubvi i Dobra!

Pripev

Arise for faith, o Russian land!
We composed many a song in our heart,
Glorifying the native land.
We loved thee no matter what,
Thou, our holy Russian land.
Thou hast raised thy head high,
Thy face was shining like the sun.
But thou hast become a victim of betrayal –
by those who have thee cheated and sold!

Chorus:
And again in march trumpet calleth us.
We all stand in order
And go to the holy battle.

Arise for faith, o Russian fatherland!
The saints await Russia's victory.
Respond, o Orthodox host!
Where is thine Ilya, where is thy Dobrynya?
Mother Homeland summoneth her sons.
We will stand all together under the gonfalons.
And go, praying, as a procession,
For the right cause of Russia
We will shed Russian blood honestly.

Chorus

Arise for faith, o Russian land!
We are all children of a great empire,
We all remember the commandments of our fathers:
For the Homeland, Honor, Glory,
Pity neither thyself nor the enemy.
Arise, Russia, from thy prison of slavery,
Victory's spirit is called: time for battle!
Rise thy battle flags
For Faith, Love, and Good.

Chorus

Tambov Oblast anthemEdit

The Farewell of Slavianka melody was used for the Tambov Oblast anthem, whose lyrics were written on 22 May 2002 by A. Mitrofanov.[13]

Russian original[13] Romanized Russian script English translation

На просторах бескрайних и синих,
Где берёзы любуются Цной,
В самом сердце великой России
Ты раскинулся, край наш родной.
Полыхали зловеще зарницы,
Но в историю грозных веков
Ты вписал своей славы страницы,
Честь, свободу храня от оков.

Припев:
Тамбовский наш край,
В веках процветай!
Ты славен людьми,
Храни, Господь, тебя, храни!

И пусть летят года,
Ты с нами, наш край, навсегда.
Здесь родились мы,
И с этим краем
У нас на всех одна судьба.
Здесь родились мы,
И с этим краем
У нас на всех одна судьба.

Припев

С пульсом Родины шаг свой сверяя,
Край любимый наш смотрит вперёд,
Славу верных сынов умножая,
Твёрдой поступью к счастью идёт.
Пусть заметнее будут успехи,
Хорошеет любимый наш край,
На земле благодатной во веки
Цветом яблонь своих расцветай.

Припев

Na prostorah beskrajnih i sinih,
Gde berjozy ljubujutsja Cnoj,
V samom serdce velikoj Rossii
Ty raskinulsja, kraj naš rodnoj.
Polyhali zlovešče zarnicy,
No v istoriju groznyh vekov
Ty vpisal svojej slavy stranicy,
Čest', svobodu hranja ot okov.

Pripev:
Tambovskij naš kraj,
V vekah procvetaj!
Ty slaven ljud'mi,
Hrani, Gospod', tebja, hrani!

I pust' letjat goda,
Ty s nami, naš kraj, navsegda.
Zdeś rodiliś my,
I s etim krayem
U nas na vseh odna sud'ba.
Zdeś rodiliś my,
I s etim krajem
U nas na vseh odna sud'ba.

Pripev

S pul'som Rodiny šag svoj sverjaja,
Kraj ljubimyj naš smotrit vperjod,
Slavu vernyh synov umnožaja,
Tvjordoj postul'ju k sčast'ju idjot.
Pust' zametneje budut uspehi,
Horošejet ljubimyj naš kraj,
Na zemle blagodatnoj vo veki
Cvetom jabloń svoih rascvetaj.

Pripev

In the expanse of endless and blue,
Where birches are admired by Tsna,
In the heart of the great Russia
Thou art spread; our home region.
Heat-lightnings blaze ominously,
But in thy history of terrible centuries
Thou art written the pages of thy glory,
Keep out of the shackles honour and freedom.

Chorus:
Our Tambov Region,
Rise in the centuries!
Thou art the glory by thy people,
The Lord will bless and save thee!

Let the years fly,
Thou art with us, our region, forever.
From there were are born,
And with this region
We have one destiny.
From there we are born,
And with this region
We have one destiny.

Chorus

Checking thy step with the pulse of the Motherland,
Our lovely region looketh forward,
Multiply the glory of thy faithful sons,
Stepping firmly towards happiness.
Let success be more noticeable,
Our beloved region increaseth in beauty,
On a graceful land forever
Blossom with the colour of thine apple trees.

Chorus

My Comrade in Death ThroesEdit

The melody of the song is also used for the poem My Comrade in Death Throes. Here is a sample verse:

Ты не плачь, не стони, ты не маленький,
Ты не ранен, ты просто убит.
Дай на память сниму с тебя валенки,
Нам еще наступать предстоит.
Do not cry, do not moan, you're not little.
You're not wounded, you're simply killed.
Let me take off your valenki for memory,
We are yet to delve into attack.

It was written in December 1944 by Ion Degen, a Second World War tank ace.[14][15]

Vapaa VenäjäEdit

Another version of the song is Vapaa Venäjä, which was composed by the Finnish Red Guards to serve as a marching song for them.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Василий Агапкин и его марш «Прощание славянки».
  2. ^ Владимир Соколов. "Прощание славянки", Москва, изд. "Советский композитор", 1987
  3. ^ Разделитель Агапкин Василий Иванович 1884—1964 Композитор, дирижёр, карточка 7 из 12
  4. ^ ЗДРАВСТВУЙ, ПРОЩАНИЕ СЛАВЯНКИ
  5. ^ "Василий Агапкин и его марш "Прощание славянки". Публикации. Литературный журнал Москва". Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  6. ^ Official ceremonial repertoire for orchestras of the Red Army (Russian: Служебно-строевой репертуар для оркестров Красной Армии – Sluzhebno-stroevoy repertuar dlya orkestrov Krasnoy Armii), Moscow, Voenizdat, 1945. The editor of this collection was the great Soviet march composer Semyon Aleksandrovich Chernetskiy (1881–1950), who was from 1925 to 1949 the Head of Military Music Service of People's Commissariat of Defense, later Ministry of Armed Forces of the Soviet Union.
  7. ^ "Прощание Славянки". www.stanford.edu. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  8. ^ http://www.zemer.co.il/song.asp?id=119 (Hebrew)
  9. ^ "Прощание славянки - Этот марш не смолкал на перонах текст песни, слова".
  10. ^ "SovMusic.ru - Прощание славянки".
  11. ^ a b c Прощание славянки / Slavic Woman's Farewell%5d "Russia and The Other: A Cultural Approach". Stanford.edu. Stanford University. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)
  12. ^ Прощание славянки / Slavic Woman's Farewell - Patriotic Version "Russia and The Other: A Cultural Approach". Stanford.edu. Stanford University. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)
  13. ^ a b Текст гимна Тамбовской области, tambov.gov.ru.
  14. ^ "Ты не ранен, ты просто убит". Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  15. ^ "У ПОБЕДЫ ЛИЦО НАСТРАДАВШЕЕСЯ". 2005.novayagazeta.ru. Retrieved 9 January 2018.

External linksEdit