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Fang Weiyi (1585-1668, 方維儀), was a Chinese poet, calligrapher, painter and literature historian.
Fang Weiyi was the daughter of the landowner and aristocrat courtier Fang Dahzen (d. 1629). Her sister Fang Mengshi, and her female cousin Fang Weize, were also to be known as poets. She married Yao Sunqi (d. 1602) and had a daughter, but became a childless widow the year of her marriage. She returned to her family, where she assisted her sister-in-law to raise her nephew, the philosopher Fang Yizhi (d. 1671).
She was a skilled calligrapher, and known as a landscape painter.
As a poet, she described the contemporary political and social instability.
She published three anthologies in literature history focused in female writers. She also published a work about women's role in Confucianism. She and her sister was long referred to as ideal Confucian women role models by Confucians as well as themselves. This was however somewhat of a paradox, as the Confucian female ideal was a woman who did not, as them, participate in public debate, but restricted themselves to the domestic sphere.
- Lily Xiao Hong Lee, Sue Wiles: Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women, Volume II: Tang Through Ming 618 - 1644