Falsity (from Latin falsitas) or falsehood is a perversion of truth originating in the deceitfulness of one party, and culminating in the damage of another party. Falsity is also a measure of the quality or extent of the falseness of something, while a falsehood may also mean simply an incorrect (false) statement, independent of any intention to deceive.
In the Frege–Church ontology, "truth" is the denotation of a true proposition, while "falsity" is the denotation of false propositions.
In Classical æsthetics, falsity is ugly, and truth is beautiful.
- Counterfeiting money, or attempting to coin genuine legal tender without due authorization;
- Tampering with wills, codicils, or such-like legal instruments;
- Prying into the correspondence of others to their prejudice;
- Using false weights and measures,
- Adulterating merchandise, so as to render saleable what purchasers would otherwise never buy, or so as to derive larger profits from goods otherwise marketable only at lower figures;
- Bribing judges,
- Suborning witnesses;
- Advancing false testimony;
- Manufacturing spurious seals;
- Forging signatures;
- Padding accounts;
- Interpolating the texts of legal enactments; and
- Sharing in the pretended birth of supposititious offspring
are among the chief forms which this crime assumes.
- Why I Am Not a Christian, Bertrand Russell
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