Open main menu

Falkensee is a town in the Havelland district, Brandenburg, Germany. It is the most populated municipality of its district and it is situated at the western border of Berlin.

Falkensee
Aerial view with Falkensee lake
Aerial view with Falkensee lake
Coat of arms of Falkensee
Coat of arms
Location of Falkensee within Havelland district
Falkensee in HVL.png
Falkensee is located in Germany
Falkensee
Falkensee
Falkensee is located in Brandenburg
Falkensee
Falkensee
Coordinates: 52°33′30″N 13°05′30″E / 52.55833°N 13.09167°E / 52.55833; 13.09167Coordinates: 52°33′30″N 13°05′30″E / 52.55833°N 13.09167°E / 52.55833; 13.09167
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictHavelland
Subdivisions6 Ortsteile
Government
 • MayorHeiko Müller (SPD)
Area
 • Total43.30 km2 (16.72 sq mi)
Elevation
32 m (105 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total43,844
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
14612
Dialling codes03322
Vehicle registrationHVL (formerly NAU)
Websitewww.falkensee.de

HistoryEdit

The commune Falkensee was formed in 1923 by the merger of Falkenhagen and Seegefeld, composing the common name from Falkenhagen and Seegefeld.

During World War II, the Demag-Panzerwerke subcamp of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp was located here. At its height, 2,500 people were imprisoned in the camp and used as slave labour.[2]

The municipality shared its borders with the former West Berlin, and so during the period 1961-1990 it was separated from it by the Berlin Wall.

DemographyEdit

As a suburban municipality directly neighbouring Berlin, Falkensee grew strongly with Berlin itself. After the 2nd World War, Falkensee's population shrunk due to the relatively isolated position "behind" West Berlin, seen from the GDR capital. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, Falkensee's population doubled and continues to grow.

 

Area in each year,[3][4] since 2011 based on Census from 2011

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[5]

YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 1,309—    
1890 1,558+1.17%
1910 4,512+5.46%
1925 8,180+4.05%
1933 15,915+8.68%
1939 24,824+7.69%
1946 28,275+1.88%
1950 29,189+0.80%
1964 25,772−0.89%
1971 26,007+0.13%
1981 24,029−0.79%
1985 23,340−0.72%
1989 22,307−1.13%
1990 22,087−0.99%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 22,139+0.24%
1992 22,105−0.15%
1993 22,242+0.62%
1994 22,801+2.51%
1995 24,273+6.46%
1996 25,640+5.63%
1997 27,393+6.84%
1998 29,505+7.71%
1999 32,124+8.88%
2000 33,791+5.19%
2001 35,297+4.46%
2002 36,179+2.50%
2003 36,829+1.80%
2004 37,493+1.80%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 38,376+2.36%
2006 39,008+1.65%
2007 39,366+0.92%
2008 39,821+1.16%
2009 40,179+0.90%
2010 40,511+0.83%
2011 40,465−0.11%
2012 40,905+1.09%
2013 41,258+0.86%
2014 41,777+1.26%
2015 42,634+2.05%
2016 43,105+1.10%
2017 43,552+1.04%
2018 43,844+0.67%

MayorsEdit

  • May 1990-October 2007: Jürgen Bigalke (SPD)
  • since November 2007: Heiko Müller (SPD)

Heiko Müller was reelected in October 2015 with 51,3 % of the votes.[7]


Transport infrastructureEdit

Falkensee has a railway station on the Berlin-Hamburg railway. Local trains and Regional Express trains stop here at the two outer platforms, both located on siding tracks, so that long distance trains linking Hamburg and Berlin can bypass on the two middle tracks. Two local stopping trains linking Nauen with Berlin call at Falkensee, one going via the Northern Ringbahn (circular railway) to the tunnel level of Berlin Hauptbahnhof, the other taking the Berlin Stadtbahn cross-city railway, terminating currently (in 1914) at the Berlin Schönefeld Airport

The northern side of the Falkensee railway station is the location of the central hub of the Falkensee bus network, and provides a covered stand for hundreds of bicycles.

Before the previous war, Falkensee was a stop on the suburban line from Nauen via Jungfernheide to the Berlin Lehrter Bahnhof station, the Berlin terminus of the Berlin-Hamburg railway. From August 1951 to the end of the 1950s, the Falkensee - Spandau and Spandau - Jungfernheide tracks were electrified with the Third Rail of the Berlin S-Bahn, allowing direct rail service from East Berlin to Falkensee, which was part of the GDR then. This link was severed by the Berlin Wall in 1961. From then on, until the reconstruction of the Berlin railway network in 1990, Falkensee could be reached from East Berlin only by the long detour via the Berlin outer ring.

PersonalityEdit

  • Louis Adlon (1874-1945), hotelier
 
Louis Adlon with his wife 1926

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Edward Victor. Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps.www.edwardvictor.com/Holocaust/List %20 of %20 camps. htm
  3. ^ Historisches Gemeindeverzeichnis des Landes Brandenburg 1875 bis 2005. Landkreis Havelland. S. 14–17
  4. ^ Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach kreisfreien Städten, Landkreisen und Gemeinden 1991 bis 2014 Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  6. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  7. ^ Ergebnis der Bürgermeisterstichwahl am 11. Oktober 2015

External linksEdit

  Media related to Falkensee at Wikimedia Commons