Falkenberg (fort)

Falkenberg (Falkenbergshus) was a fort located at Falkenberg in Halland County, Sweden. The fortification was located on the south strand of the river Ätran, about 60 m (200 ft) from the southern abutment of Falkenberg Bridge. It would later give name to the town of Falkenberg which was previously known as Ätraby. [1]

Only the lower parts of the tower remains.

HistoryEdit

Falkenberg was first mentioned in 1298. In the early part of the 13th century the province of Halland was part of Denmark. The Danish kings had built a fortification on the east shore of the Ätran river in the community of Falkenberg. The fort was the site for several Nordic treaties during the fourteenth century. It was burnt down by Count Erik Magnusson (c. 1282 – 1318) in 1356 during his revolt against his father King Magnus IV of Sweden. The fortification was thereafter rebuilt.[2][3]

The army of Swedish rebel leader Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson (1390s–1436) besiege the town in 1434, under the leadership of Herman Berman. The action took place during the Engelbrekt rebellion against King Eric of Pomerania. The defenders managed the first attack successfully. They did however realise that they would not be able to continue to hold the fort. Therefore, they choose to put the fort on fire and leave it by water. The fort was destroyed and was not rebuilt. [4][5]

Excavations took place in 1885, as a railway was run through the area. The fort consisted of a tower. It had an inner area of 5.5 by 5.5 m (18 by 18 ft), while the outer area was 15.5 by 15.5 m (50 by 50 ft) at the base. The walls are at the thickest at the base, and becomes thinner towards the top. Above the lower, partially intact, parts were brick walls. The group which performed the excavations found remains of brick all over the excavated area. The group also found some loose remains such as weapons, tools and household goods as well as two finger rings and a silver coin. [6][7]

Listed AdministratorsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Falkenbergshus". wadbring.com. June 1, 2008. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  2. ^ "Erik Magnusson". Norsk Biografisk Leksikon. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  3. ^ Sten Engström. "Erik Magnusson". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  4. ^ "Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson". Nordisk familjebok. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  5. ^ Sten Engström. "Herman Berman". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  6. ^ "Falkenberg Castle". Falkenberg.se. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  7. ^ Peter Skoglund and Mats Dahlbom. "It stort Tom oc Huse omkring- nya perspektiv på riksborgen Falkenberg" (PDF). Historisk tidskrift för Skåne, Halland och Blekinge, Nr 4, 2010. Retrieved September 1, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  8. ^ Elsa Nordström. "Trotte Petersson". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  9. ^ S. Tunberg. "Bengt Algotsson". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  10. ^ "Åke Axelsson". Nordisk familjebok. Retrieved December 1, 2018.

Other SourcesEdit

  • Carl Estmar (1998). Borgen Falkenberg i källskrifterna. (Falkenbergs museum).
  • Mats Dahlbom; Peter Skoglund (2011) Falkenberg i dansk medeltid (Salmon River) ISBN 9789163389597

Coordinates: 56°55′N 12°26′E / 56.917°N 12.433°E / 56.917; 12.433