Falih Rıfkı Atay Nature Park

Falih Rıfkı Atay Nature Park (Turkish: Falih Rıfkı Atay Tabiat Parkı) is a nature park located in Sarıyer district of Istanbul Province, Turkey.[1]

Falih Rıfkı Atay Nature Park
Falih Rıfkı Atay Tabiat Parkı
FalihRıfkıAtayNaturePark.jpg
Map showing the location of Falih Rıfkı Atay Nature Park
Map showing the location of Falih Rıfkı Atay Nature Park
Falih Rıfkı Atay Nature Park
Location of Falih Rıfkı Atay Nature Park in Istanbul, Turkey
LocationBahçeköy, Sarıyer, Istanbul Province, Turkey
Coordinates41°11′33″N 28°57′39″E / 41.19250°N 28.96083°E / 41.19250; 28.96083Coordinates: 41°11′33″N 28°57′39″E / 41.19250°N 28.96083°E / 41.19250; 28.96083
Area16.33 ha (40.4 acres)
Established2011
Governing bodyDirectorate-General of Nature Protection and National Parks
Ministry of Environment and Forest
Church ruins in the nature park

Situated 7 km (4.3 mi) northwest of Bahçeköy neighborhood of Sarıyer and next to the Neşet Suyu Nature Park, it covers an area of 16.33 ha (40.4 acres). It was established in 2011, and is one of the nine nature parks inside the Belgrad Forest. The protected area is named in honor of journalist, writer and politician Falih Rıfkı Atay (1894–1971).[1]

Serbs who were taken prisoners of war at the Siege of Belgrade (1521) by Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (reigned 1520–1566), were brought to Istanbul and settled in a village, which used to lie within the park boundaries.[2][3] The nature park contains the ruins of a church, which is a protected historic building and was registered as cultural heritage in November 1999.[1][4]

The nature park offers outdoor recreational activities such as hiking, cycling and picnicing for visitors on daily basis.[5] There are playgrounds for children. Admission is charged for visitors and vehicles and an open-air restaurant serves the visitors.[1]

EcosystemEdit

The nature park has rich flora and fauna.[1]

Flora

The park is the habitat for diverse species of plant. The main trees present are oak (Quercus robur) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus). Other deciduous trees include sessile oak (Quercus petraea), kasnak oak (Quercus vulcanica) and shrubs are blackberry (Rubus plicatus), butcher's-broom (Ruscus aculeatus), tree heath (Erica arborea) and bay laurel (Laurus nobilis). Some uncommon trees include silver linden (Tilia argentea) and oriental beech (Fagus orientalis). Anatolian catbrier (Smilax excelsa), aubrietia (Aubrieta cultorum), wild strawberry (Fragaria) and catnip (Nepeta cataria) are some of the flowering plants found in the nature park.[1]

Fauna

 
Bahçeköy Deer farm in the Belgrad Forest.

Mainly observed fauna of the nature park are porcupines, squirrels, turtles, magpies, crows, woodpeckers, sparrows and finches.[1] Across the nature park, there is a deer farm (Turkish: Geyik Üretme İstasyonu).[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Falih Rıfkı Atay Tabiat Parkı" (in Turkish). İstanbul Tabiat Parkları. Retrieved 2016-05-21.
  2. ^ Sydney Nettleton Fisher (1959). The Middle East, a History. Knopf. Many Serbs were transplanted to the outskirts of Istanbul, where the Belgrad Forest still remains as testimony to this ...
  3. ^ Mandell Creighton; Justin Winsor; Samuel Rawson Gardiner; Reginald Lane Poole; Sir John Goronwy Edwards (1920). The English Historical Review. Longman. and the Belgrad forest near Constantinople, so called from the captives taken at the present Serbian capital in 1521
  4. ^ "Karar" (PDF) (in Turkish). Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı – İstanbul III Numaralı Kültür Varlıklarını Koruma Bölge Kurulu. 2015-03-05. Retrieved 2016-05-23.
  5. ^ "Falih Rıfkı Atay Tabiat Parkı" (in Turkish). Orman ve Su İşleri Bakanlığı - 1. Bölge Müdürlüğü - İstanbul Şube Müdürlüğü. Retrieved 2017-05-15.