Fairfield, Utah

Fairfield is a town in Utah County, Utah, United States. It is part of the ProvoOrem, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located in the southwest corner of Cedar Valley about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Salt Lake City and 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Cedar Fort on Utah State Route 73, west of Utah Lake. The population was 119 at the 2010 census.

Fairfield
Old Fairfield Schoolhouse
Old Fairfield Schoolhouse
Location in Utah County and the state of Utah
Location in Utah County and the state of Utah
Coordinates: 40°15′44″N 112°05′35″W / 40.26222°N 112.09306°W / 40.26222; -112.09306Coordinates: 40°15′44″N 112°05′35″W / 40.26222°N 112.09306°W / 40.26222; -112.09306
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountyUtah
Founded1855
IncorporatedDecember 20, 2004[1]
Founded byJohn Carson
Named forAmos Fielding
Area
 • Total26.11 sq mi (67.63 km2)
 • Land26.09 sq mi (67.56 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation4,879 ft (1,487 m)
Population
 • Total119
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
145
 • Density5.56/sq mi (2.15/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
84013
Area code(s)385, 801
GNIS feature ID1427871[1]

HistoryEdit

 
Stagecoach Inn, Camp Floyd State Park in Fairfield

The town was founded in 1855 when John Carson, his four brothers, and others settled in the Cedar Valley. The settlement was soon known as Frogtown. The population ballooned after the arrival of Johnston's Army in 1858-59, sent to Utah to suppress the rumored rebellion there. The army established a nearby camp called Camp Floyd, and the population grew to over 7,000, including 3,500 troops (nearly one-third of the entire U.S. Army at that time), teamsters, gamblers, and camp followers of various persuasions. With no rebellion taking place, the troops were recalled in 1861 and sent east to fight for the Union with the outbreak of the Civil War.[5]

Frogtown became Fairfield in 1861, named after Amos Fielding, who had participated in establishing the community.

The Stagecoach Inn, located in Fairfield and now a museum, was used by travelers passing through via stagecoach, military personnel, and riders on the Pony Express trail.

Fairfield was incorporated in 2004 due to concerns about growth from surrounding communities.[6] Besides agriculture, the town is a destination for Camp Floyd tourists and home to a large construction landfill.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860303
1870223−26.4%
1880172−22.9%
189027358.7%
1900168−38.5%
191027966.1%
192095−65.9%
193012935.8%
194093−27.9%
1950996.5%
2010119
2019 (est.)145[4]21.8%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau[7]

As of the census[3] of 2010, 119 people lived in the town. There were 41 housing units. The racial makeup was 95.8% White, 1.7% from some other race, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.2% of the population.

ClimateEdit

Fairfield has a continental climate (Köppen Dfb) bordering a semi-arid climate (BSk).

Climate data for Fairfield, Utah, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1950–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 63
(17)
70
(21)
81
(27)
85
(29)
96
(36)
100
(38)
102
(39)
101
(38)
100
(38)
88
(31)
78
(26)
70
(21)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 39.3
(4.1)
44.5
(6.9)
56.0
(13.3)
63.0
(17.2)
72.1
(22.3)
82.5
(28.1)
90.2
(32.3)
88.6
(31.4)
80.0
(26.7)
66.6
(19.2)
51.8
(11.0)
40.2
(4.6)
64.6
(18.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 26.3
(−3.2)
31.1
(−0.5)
40.4
(4.7)
46.3
(7.9)
54.4
(12.4)
63.2
(17.3)
70.6
(21.4)
69.0
(20.6)
60.2
(15.7)
47.6
(8.7)
35.8
(2.1)
26.7
(−2.9)
47.6
(8.7)
Average low °F (°C) 13.3
(−10.4)
17.6
(−8.0)
24.8
(−4.0)
29.6
(−1.3)
36.8
(2.7)
43.9
(6.6)
51.0
(10.6)
49.4
(9.7)
40.3
(4.6)
28.5
(−1.9)
19.8
(−6.8)
13.2
(−10.4)
30.7
(−0.7)
Record low °F (°C) −29
(−34)
−36
(−38)
−11
(−24)
7
(−14)
14
(−10)
21
(−6)
31
(−1)
27
(−3)
16
(−9)
2
(−17)
−20
(−29)
−29
(−34)
−36
(−38)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.27
(32)
1.33
(34)
1.17
(30)
1.18
(30)
1.37
(35)
0.78
(20)
0.67
(17)
0.66
(17)
0.82
(21)
1.15
(29)
0.79
(20)
1.32
(34)
12.51
(318)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 10.7
(27)
5.9
(15)
3.5
(8.9)
1.4
(3.6)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.7
(1.8)
3.4
(8.6)
7.9
(20)
33.6
(85)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.5 7.4 8.0 8.9 7.4 4.4 5.0 6.4 4.9 5.7 6.4 6.7 78.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.2 3.5 2.1 1.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.6 4.3 17.3
Source: NOAA[8][9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Fairfield. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ "Camp Floyd / Stagecoach Inn State Park and Museum". Utah State Parks. Archived from the original on May 12, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
  6. ^ Haddock, Sharon (November 1, 2004). "Burg eager to be a town". Deseret News. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  8. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 25, 2022.
  9. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 29, 2022.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Fairfield, Utah at Wikimedia Commons