The Fairey Seafox was a 1930s British reconnaissance floatplane designed and built by Fairey for the Fleet Air Arm. It was designed to be catapulted from the deck of a light cruiser and served in the Second World War. Of the 66 built, two were finished as landplanes.
|Role||ship-borne reconnaissance seaplane|
|National origin||United Kingdom|
|First flight||27 May 1936|
|Introduction||23 April 1937|
|Primary user||Royal Navy (Fleet Air Arm)|
Design and developmentEdit
The Fairey Seafox was built to satisfy Air Ministry Specification S.11/32. The first of two prototypes appeared in 1936, first flying on 27 May 1936, and the first of the 64 production aircraft were delivered in 1937. The flights were organised as 700 Naval Air Squadron of the Fleet Air Arm.
The fuselage was of all-metal monocoque construction, the wings being covered with metal on the leading edge, otherwise fabric. It was powered by a 16-cylinder 395 hp (295 kW) air-cooled Napier Rapier H engine. It cruised at 106 mph (171 km/h), and had a range of 440 mi (710 km).
Although the Seafox handled well, it was criticized for being underpowered, engine cooling was poor and landing speeds were higher than desired.
In 1939, a Seafox played a part in the Battle of the River Plate against the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee, by spotting for the naval gunners. This ended with Admiral Graf Spee's scuttling and destruction.
Seafoxes operated during the early part of the war from the cruisers HMS Emerald, Neptune, Orion, Ajax, Arethusa and Penelope and the armed merchant cruisers HMS Pretoria Castle, Asturias and Alcantara. They remained in service until 1943.
Data from Fairey Aircraft since 1915 
- Crew: 2
- Length: 33 ft 5 in (10.19 m)
- Wingspan: 40 ft (12 m)
- Height: 12 ft 2 in (3.71 m)
- Wing area: 434 sq ft (40.3 m2)
- Empty weight: 3,805 lb (1,726 kg)
- Gross weight: 5,420 lb (2,458 kg)
- Fuel capacity: 96 imp gal (115 US gal; 440 l)
- Powerplant: 1 × Napier Rapier VI H-16 air-cooled piston engine, 395 hp (295 kW)
- Propellers: 3-bladed propeller
- Maximum speed: 124 mph (200 km/h, 108 kn) at 5,860 ft (1,786 m) (rated altitude)
- Cruise speed: 106 mph (171 km/h, 92 kn)
- Alighting speed: 58 mph (50 kn; 93 km/h)
- Range: 440 mi (710 km, 380 nmi)
- Endurance: 4 hours 15 minutes
- Service ceiling: 9,700 ft (3,000 m)
- Time to altitude: 5,000 ft (1,524 m) 15 minutes 30 seconds
- Guns: 1 x 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine gun
- Bombs: under-wing racks for 2x 100 lb (45 kg) bombs and 8x 20 lb (9.1 kg) bombs
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Taylor 1974, p.285.
- Taylor 1974, p.287.
- Sturtivant and Ballance 1994, p. 362.
- Taylor 1974, p.288.
- "For Light Reconnaissance" (PDF). Flight, 9 December 1937. pp. 570–574.
- Mondey, David. The Hamlyn Concise Guide to British Aircraft of World War II. London; New York: Aerospace Publishing Ltd., 1982. P.87. ISBN 0-600-34951-9, ISBN 0-600-34967-5.
- Sturtivant, Ray and Balance, Theo. The Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1994. ISBN 085130-223-8.
- Taylor, H.A. Fairey Aircraft since 1915. London: Putnam, 1974. ISBN 0-370-00065-X.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fairey Seafox.|
- Fairey Seafox – British Aircraft of World War II