Facebook, Apple, Amazon, Netflix and Google
Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Netflix and Google (FAANG), a further extension of FANG (which originally did not include Apple), is both an acronym and a buzzword to entice investors, as popularised by Jim Cramer from CNBC's Mad Money and other talking heads for grouping together currently high performance technology companies listed on NASDAQ.
While it usually refers to the five (or four) of these technology companies specifically, the term is now generally used to refer to the technology and consumer discretionary sectors consisting of highly-traded growth stocks of American technology and tech-enabled companies in recent years. Such a perspective of the market demonstrates a huge impact with commensurate profit or loss. Opinions have been divided over whether this phenomenon is indicative of a tech bubble or long-term sustained growth of these technology companies.
In 2017, Intercontinental Exchange has initiated an index with this focus through the NYSE and extended FANG with Twitter, Nvidia and Tesla and with BAT stocks, the Chinese counterparts: Baidu, Alibaba and Tencent. Investment analysts have often compared FAANG against or together with BAT stocks due to the latter's similar level of growth in the Chinese stock market.
There are actively managed ETFs of these index-based funds. An ETF may not currently hold all of the implied tech company stocks. The ETF known by ticker FNG, sold out of Facebook during the Cambridge Analytica scandal, but also dumped Apple holdings ahead of its earnings boost.
Of the five companies, Netflix is the smallest by annual revenue and market capitalization.
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